The Michigan Daily-Sunday, January 18, 1981-Page 5
Fireworks open $11
Frills galore in
~ iFrom UPIand AP
WASHINGTON - Ronald Reagan's four-day, $11
million, inaugural party began last night, with the Mormon
Tabernacle Choir, a laser show and the biggest fireworks
display in the history of the nation's capital all part of the
Reagan and his wife, Nancy, and Vice President-elect
/ x . and Mrs. George Bush stood in 20 degree temperatures for
9 the official half hour opening ceremony just after dark on the
Lincoln Memorial grounds.
The Presidential Inaugural Committee started out with a
budget of about $7 million, but it has mushroomed to close to
$11 million. Four years ago, Jimmy Carter's inaugural cost
$5 million. The entire show is financed with private
donations, including contributions by corporations who can
... take the cost off their taxes.
THE POMP and ceremony planned for Reagan's
inauguration give some indication of the difference in style
between the incoming and outgoing presidents.
P Carter wore a business suit to his swearing in, banned the
a playing of "Hail to the Chief" and strolled down Pen-
nsylvania Avenue from the Capitol to the White House.
AP Photo Reagan will be dressed in a morning coat, striped trousers
and silver gray tie. He has raised no objections to musical
MICHAEL KELPY, 65, a National Park Service employee, died of an apparent heart attack yesterday after falling fanfare and has let it be known he prefers a limousine to a
from scaffolding which collapsed at the Lincoln Memorial yesterday, hours before President-elect Ronald Reagan and walk in the cold to the swearing-in at noon Tuesday.
thousands of spectators gathered for opening ceremonies in the inaugural celebration. THE HOLLYWOOD glamour and excitement that are part
of Reagan's life will move to Washington as Frank Sinatra,
Dean Martin, and other show biz pals help him settle into
Washington with an inauguration eve gala of entertainment,
with tickets priced at $50 to $150.
There will be nine balls on the evening of the inauguration
with attendance by invitation only. Tickets are $100 per per-
son. "We want to avoid the impression of no frills," said
Charles Wick, co-chairman of the inaugural committee. .
Nancy Reagan will wear costumes made by three,
American designers, at an estimated cost of more than
$10,000, to her husband's swearing-in and the inauguratioq
MRS. REAGAN chose James Galanos, considered the
most expensive American designers to fashion a one-shoulder
white sheath beaded gown and long white satin coat for the
inaugural balls on Tuesday night. The estimated cost for the
outfit is $7,000.
The Galanos coat and gown will be presented to the
Smithsonian Institution for display in the First Lady's Hall
with the other inaugural gowns later this year.
Reagan has invited his 62,000 closest friends and political
supporters to join him in the inaugural celebration. In ad-
dition to hotel rooms that cost around $100 a day, they will
pay $100 each for ball tickets, $50 to $100 for the Kennedy Cen-
ter concerts, and $100 to $150 for a gala concert at a sports
arena outside Washington not to mention meals and drinks.
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* work hard
1 th hour
WASHINGTON (AP)-The myth is that a
defeated administration spins its wheels until the
new president takes over, but the Carter ad-
ministration hasn't paid heed. The Carterites
have been working overtime. For them, there is
only one tomorrow.
In the last few weeks, the Carter people have
put into place important government business
that had been hanging fire for months, and in
some cases even years.
SOMETIMES THEY acted over the pained ob-
jections of Reaganites smoldering with im-
patience to take the reins of power and
suspicious about what the old crowd was up to.
Ronald Reagan's transition aides suspect that
through actions such as these outgoing officials
have been trying to fix the government's future
Edwin Meese III, Reagan's closest aide, com-
plained to Jack Watson, President Carter's tran-
sition supervisor, and Watson promised to look
into it. But, said a Reagan official who declines
to be identified "they haven't given us a thing
except for wishy-washy weasel answers."
THESE ACTIONS have been taken in recent
The Justice Department gave FBI agents new
rules for running future Abscams, and, after 312
years of labor, established standards for running
President Carter extended mandatory ther-
THE LABOR Department raised minimum
wages for some supervisory workers by 45 per-
cent. The Transportation Department settled a
long-smoldering dispute over whether to issue
the biggest, costliest automobile recall.
And the Environmental Protection Agency-a
prime target of Reagan's get-the-government-
off-your-back campaign oratory-pushed out
proposed water pollution rules which would im-
pose nearly $2 billion worth of costs on the steel
and pulp and paper industries.
And yesterday, Carter's Council of Economic
Advisers released a 357-page report which
charges once again that Reagan's three-year, 30
percent tax-cut proposal will fan inflation more
than it will boost economic growth.
THE REPORT ALSO predicts no relief on the
inflation front in 1981-even without a tax cut. It
also foresees worsening unemployment and a
very sluggish economy, at least until the second
half of the year.
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GAR WOOD'S FA TE IN JUR Y'S HANDS:
CAMP LEJEUNE N.C. (AP) - The
outcome of Marine Pfc. Robert Gar-
wood's collaboration' court-martial
could have a lasting effect on the
military's strict code of conduct for
prisoners of war and other captives, in-
cluding the hostages in Iran.
Garwood's-lawyer claims that the
Marine was driven insane by torture
and was not responaible -for'his actions
during his 14 years in captivity. If a
five-man jury rules in his favor, then
future attempts by military authorities
*o punish collaborating prisoners could
be severely curtailed, observers say.
"OFFICERS HAVE told me with
passion they will look closely at the
conduct of the captured Marine guards
in Tehran to see if they violated
military law," said Defense Chief
Counsel John Lowe, who since last May
has worked on the Garwood case at this
large U.S. Marine base in the eastern
The Marines are known to be par-
ticularly concerned by remarks made
in a television interview, in December
1979, by Marine guard Cpl. Billy
Gallegos, 21, from Pueblo, Calif.
Photographed in a room said to be in-
side the American Embassy, he said
that as a Marine he was prepared to
give his life for his country, but "some
way I don't see this as a good cause."
Few details have emerged of hostage
conduct in Iranian captivity, but after
the Vietnam war returning American
prisoners of war attempted to charge
several . fellow POWs with
GARWOOD DISAPPEARED from
his Marine unit in Vietnam in Septem-
ber 1965, and turned up in 1979 after
giving a Finnish businessman in Hanoi
a note that said he wanted to return
The government charges that during
his years in Vietnam the Marine took up
the cause of the enemy. Former
American prisoners testified that Gar-
wood wore the uniform of the North
Vietnamese, carried a rifle, in-
terrogated them, and made arrests.
Through all this the 34-year-old Gar-
wood sat ramrod stright in the cour-
troom. The defense rested its case last
Friday without calling him to the stand.
Barely contesting the facts they relied
on emphasizing the underlying medical
"HE LOST HIS identity because of
torture and, . . . coercion," testified
the defense's most effective witness,
U.S. Air Force psychiatrist Col. James
Corcoran. "He was incapable of ap-
preciating the criminality of his actions
or conforming to the requirements of
In testimony, corroborated indepen-
dently by other defense psychiatrists,
Corcoran compared the mental state of
the accused to that of "The Three Faces
of Eve," a case in which three distinct
personalities functioned within one per-
son. Medical manuals label the disease
an atypical dissociative disorder.
Defense counsel Lowe charges that
the Marines did not bother to get a full
psychiatric evaluation of Garwood.
BUT THE U.S. Marine Corps has
been consistent about punishing
soldiers it feels let them down. Courts-
martial of prisoners came after the
Korean war. The Marines was the only
service to seriously attempt to charge
Americans -accused of, being- in the
"peace committee" in theIIJapoi Hilton
prison during the Vietnam War.
Should Garwood's five-man jury feel
reasonable doubt about his guilt then
there could be enormous ramifications
for the military services. After the
Korean war in which many American
prisoners performed poorly, a "code of
conduct" was written to guide soldiers
in war. The code was modified after the
In an age when coercion and
manipulation of prisoners is common
whether they are taken in war or as
hostages in peacetime, the acepetance
of Garwood's defense on mental illness
may be the death knell to future
realistic enforcement of an honor code.
406 E. Liberty
2 blocks off State St.
TARZAN AND THE APE MAN
Dir. W.S. Van Dyke, 1932. JOHNNY WEISMULLER, MAUREEN O'SULLIVAN.
Invaders of the jungle beware, you're not dealing with an amateur. This is
Tarzan. He, his best friend Cheetah, and his new-found love Jane are oIl at it
trying to keep the Jungle unspoiled. 7:00 only.
TARZAN AND HISMATE °
Dir. Cedric Gibbons, 1934. JOHN and MAUREEN. Romance and Adventure. Jane
is learning to love the jungle, despite the animals. Tarzan gets her out of a
lion's den in the hair-raising climax. It will make you yearn for the loin-cloth
CINEMA GUILD (Ahh-Ayha!
More and more species follow the dodo
WASHINGTON (AP) - One to three
species of animal and plant life vanish
every day and the rate of extinction
could increase to one species per hour
in 10 years, a White House advisory
group said yesterday. ,,
:VThe President's Council on Environ-
mental Quality said that 15 percent to 20
percent of all species on earth could be
lost in the next 20 years.
IN ITS ANNUAL report to Congress,
the council listed the loss of animal and
plant life, the increasing contamination
of underground drinking water sup-
plies, and the spread of desert-like con-
ditions in the Western states as the
three most pressing environmental
problems of the 1980s.
"This is no time to back away from
our environmental commitment," said
Council Chairman Gus Speth. "We
must not only maintain but strengthen
our efforts to control pollution and
protect our planet's natural resour-
Between the years 1600 and 1900, ap-
proximately 75 mammal and bird
species went the way of the dodo at a
rate of one every four years, the report
*said, a rate that has accelerated to
almost one each year in the past 80
JUT EVEN more alarming than the
mammal and bird losses is the extin-
ction of large numbers of plants, fish
and insects - many of them never
named or studied by scientists, the
report said. The report estimated the'
number of plant and animal species at
between five million and 10 million.
While many of these species are ob-
scure, Speth said the world's biological
diversity is an "irreplaceable source
for food, fuel fibers, medicines and
building materials needed by a growing
The report said half the species losses
would result from tropical
deforestation, with pollution another
THESE LOSSES could be reduced by
better programs to protect endangered
species, improved forest management
practices, and greater use of natural
rather than chemical pest controls, the
As it did in last year's report, the
council cited growing contamination of
underground water - from which half
the country receives its drinking sup-
plies - by known or suspected cancer-
"Hundreds of drinking water wells
affecting the water supplies of millions
of people have been closed because of
such contamination," said Council
Member Robert Harris.
Thirty-four states have reported
"serious -contamination" of drinking
water wells and the problem is wor-
sening because of the increased use of
unlined pits to store chemical wastes
the report said.
The council said 225 million acres in
Western states - or an area equal to
the original 13 colonies - are facing the
problem of desertification - the spread
of desert-like conditions.
THe council blamed the problem on
extensive irrigation in other areas, ac-
companied by poor soil drainage,
overgrazing, and urbanization. Deser-
tification causes soil erosion, destroys
vegetation and makes top soil, rivers,
and lakes too salty.
Bored with your evening routine?
The Collaborative Art Space is sponsored
by the University Artists & Craftsmen
Classes begin the week of Jan.26,1981.
INDIVIDUAL THEATRES WED, SAT, SUN $2.00 til 6:00 PM
5th A.r at iberty 781.9700 G L I
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