Rain changing to snow-
showers this morning, win-
dy and colder with a high in
Vol. XCII, No. 73'
Copyright 1981, The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Tuesday, December 8, 1981
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By BETH ALLEN
The Michigan Student Assembly will
consider a long-awaited set of anti-
hazing guidelines tonight in another
step toward making the guidelines of-
ficial University policy.
Written by a group of fraternity and
sorority members under the direction
of the administration last year, the
guidelines define hazing and call for the
University to "impose appropriate san-
ctions" on violators of the guidelines.
THE GUIDELINES define hazing as
"'willful acts, with or, without the con-
sent of the individual" that inflict men-
tal or physical injury or discomfort,
degrade or humiliate a person, force a
0person to eat or drink any substance,
put a person in physical danger, impair
academic performance, or violate the
The guidelines are intended to apply
to any group within the University
community, including fraternities,
sororities, and athletic groups.
MSA is only one of three groups that
will review the guidelines before they
are passed on by the University
executive officers to the Board of
Regents for approval, according to vice
president for student services Henry
Johnson. The Senate Advisory Commit-
tee on University Affairs and the
University Council, a committee
established to set behavior and conduct
rules within the University, must also
review the policy.
"IF THERE are no substantive dif-
ferences" over the policy-as it is writ-
ten, "we'll pass it to the Regents,"
But before the executive committee
can present the guidelines to the Regen-
ts, it must also decide how to handle
violators, Johnson said.
Earlier this year, Johnson said that
the guidelines may run into trouble
See MSA, Page 2
Union renovati*ons shapingup
New chem. building
" may be constructed
By ANN MARIE FAZIO
Renovations that its supporters hope will tran-
sform the Michigan Union from a place where many
students simply buy books twice a year to the center
of social and business activity for students are set to
begin next month.
The $4.6 million remodeling job will include some
drastic changes on the Union's ground floor; which
will be restructured into an open mall featuring a
variety of restaurants, the ticket office, a con-
venience store, and a souvenier shop.
ALTHOUGH UNION Director Frank Cianciola
said he couldn't set a completion date for all the
changes, he did say he expected a significant por-
tion of the main floor renovations to be finished by
September. Some of these changes will include a
new student lounge, an expanded campus infor-
mation center, and a remodeled University Club, he
The Union renovation plan was conceived in an ef-
fort to "re-establish the Michigan Union as the front
door to the University," according to Cianciola. The
facilities need to be updated in order to "meet the
needs of the campus in a social, recreational, and
educational way," he explained.
WHEN THE building, the third oldest college
student union in the country, was opened in 1916, its
the front door
'We want to reestablish
the Michigan Union as
By PAM FICKINGER
The University's Chemistry Building
is as old as the basic concept of pH, but
it has not endured the 75 years since as
well, and is now in desperate need of
replacement, some chemistry
As a result, chemistry professors are
throwing their support behind a
proposal before the University Regents
to erect a new, $50 million chemistry
building in the grassy lot where
Waterman Gymnasium once stood. If
the Regents approve the plan at their
meeting next week, ground could be
broken for the four-story structure as
\early as the fall of 1983.
ALTHOUGH the Chemistry building
has in the past met most of the needs of
the chemistry department, today the
labs are a health hazard, the facilities
are outdated, and the classrooms are
overcrowded, according to Chemistry
Prof. Russell Larsen.
The University is the only Big Ten
university that has not built a new
chemistry facility in the past 20 years,
THE NEW chemistry building, ac-
cording to department Chairman
Thomas Dunn, will feature new
teaching, lab, and research facilities,
and will be constructed on the site of the
old Waterman Gym, next to the present
The new building will also have a new
ventilation system, Dunn said. The
current ventilation system does not
meet the minimal requirements set by
state and federal health agencies, he
If all goes as planned, the new facility
will be completed in late 1985, Dunn
It took the University four years to
put the proposal together, Dunr said.
"When you've worked as long and as
hard for this, you can't help but fee a bit
of excitement and hope," he added.
Although University Regent Dean
Baker said he hasn't seen the proposal
for the new chemistry building, he said
a new facility "is a need of the Univer-
sity and always has been.'
original charter stated the Union should do the
" Serve as a University center ;
* Enhance the quality of campus life;
* Serve as a unifying force in the lives of students,
staff members, faculty members, and alumni; and
" CREATE AN atmosphere where members of
the University community can feel comfortable,
meet informally, and relax.
In 1978, when the authority over the Union was
transferred from a separate, independent Board of
Governors to the Vice Pretsident for Student Ser-
vices, Henry Johnson, a task force was created to
evaluate the Union's role on campus. The group
decided the Union's original charter wasn't being
followed and that revisions were needed.
THE TASK force concluded that to fulfill the
charter the building needed physical renovations.
At their April 1981 meeting, the Regents authorized
the Union Renovation project be funded in part by a
special fee that students are required to pay.
PLANS FOR the physical renovation were
developed by a group of students and staff mem-
bers, formed in August of 1980, who interviewed
representatives of different architectural firms and
studied similar projects. Theyhired Peter
Tarapata, a former University student, to, design
the plans, and continued meeting about once a week
for eight months to discuss possible changes and
A main concern of the group was that the original
structure of the building be maintained, Cianciola
said. Although they desired to preserve the natural
beauty of the building, they had to be sensitive to the
needs of the present community, he said.
Students have been involved in the renovation
process "all the way through," Cianciola said, in'
cluding redefining the goals, selecting the architect,
and contributing to the final plan.
"WE COULDN'T be more pleased with the
student input," said Marc Dann, LSA sophomore
See RENOVATIONS, Page 2
TEQUCIGALIA, Honduras (AP) -
In a rash of hijackings yesterday,
terrorists stormed three planes in
Venezuela, one in Libya, and one man
was arrested by federal agents in Ohio
after he attempted to commandeer a
Hijackers forced three Venezuelan
jetliners carrying 262 people to land in
Colombia in a coordinated operation
yesterday, freed 67 of their hostages
and then ordered the planes to Hon-
- @ -
duras and Guatemala.
COLOMBIAN officials said t,
hijackers were armed with sub
achine guns and grenades.
Two of the planes, Aeropostal DC-9
landed in Honduras at Tegucigalpa
Toncontin International Airport and tl
hijackers demanded to speak to tl
Venezuelan ambassador and a RomE
Catholic church representative.
The third plane, an Avensa Boei
727, landed in Guatemala City, acc
ding to a Guatemalan tower An airportt
he spokesman. to be identifi
m THREE Lebanese Moslems armed negotiatingv
with grenades hijacked a Libyan for the return
9s, jetliner over Italy yesterday and forced Shiite clergy
's it to fly to Beirut where they said they August 1978
he were seeking the return of a Shiite whereabouts
he Moslem leader who disappeared three MEANWH
an years ago, set bond at $2
They threatened to order the plane danian nativ
ng back into the air and blow it up, airport hijack a TV
or- officials said. Hopkins Inte
tower official who declined
ed said the hijackers were
with officials and calling
-n of Imam Moussa Sadr, a
man who disappeared in
after visiting Libya. His
remain a mystery.
ILE, A federal magistrate
200,000 yesterday for a Jor-
ve charged with trying to
WA jet from Cleveland's
ernational Airport to Iran.
Environmental factors pervade cancer picture
By JOYCE FRIEDEN
Although cancer research is an
inexact science, researchers say they
are certain of one fact: 85 to 90 percent
of the types of cancer found in humans
are at least partially caused by an en-
However, environmental factors are
not necessarily man-made chemicals,
according to University Physiology
* Prof. Arthur Vander.
"FOR EXAMPLE, the most common
cause of skin cancer is sunlight," Van-
der said. "And many potent car-
cinogens are found in naturally-
occurring substances, such as (rotten)
peanuts and betel nuts, a favorite in
some Asian cultures."
But Vander also said there are about
25 chemicals known to cause cancer in
humans, and 1,000 or more others have
each been found to. causecancer in at
least one study of animals.
Because there are so many possible
causes of cancer, Vander said, resear-
ching it is difficult.
Cancer research involves two areas:
One involves the study of humans and
the other involves the study of
TWO OF THE research methods in-
volving humans include the following:
* Watching persons who have been
heavily exposed to a suspected car-
cinogen ( cancer-causing agent) for an
extended period to see if they have an
unusually high incidence of cancer; and
" Comparing persons who already
Many potent carcinogens are found in naturally-
occurring substances, such as (rotten) peanuts and
betel nuts, a favorite in some Asian cultures.A'
-Physiology Prof. Arthur Vander
have a particular form of cancer to a
control group to see if the cancer vic-
tims have any outstanding charac-
SACCHARIN (a possible cause of
bladder cancer) is an example of a
suspected carcinogen researchers have
tested using both animals and humans.
The tests using people who were ex-
posed to large doses of saccharin were
not significant, according to Vander,
because diabetic subjects were used.
Persons with diabetes have many
characteristics that distinguish them
from the rest of the population, making
it difficult to draw valid conclusions.
Of the studies done on patients who
already had bladder cancer, only one
showed a positive correlation with
ingestion of saccharin, Vander said.
The saccharin tests involving
animals caused much controversy after.
the results were published because the
scientists involved fed laboratory rats
each day the human equivalent of sac-
charin contained in 800 bottles of diet
IN HIS BOOK, Nutrition, Stress, and
Toxic Chemicals, Vander explains the
logic behind this procedure. The
researchers began by supposing that
the human equivalent of the saccharin,
in one bottle of diet soda a day would
cause cancer in one out of 10,000 rats.
He writes, "I had to say.. . suppose ...
because, even were this fact true, we
would never know it, 'for we would
never use enough rats to detect it."
Given a limited amount of time, money,
space, and personnel, the biggest group
that can be tested is 50 rats, he said.
"Scientists also assumed that there is
'no threshhold'-that even the smallest
possible amount of saccharin may
cause cancer in-oneanimal," Vander
said. "Using a linear relationship, the
more saccharin you give to an animal,
the higher the rate of cancer you would
expect to find."
So, instead of giving 10,000 rats each
the equivalent of saccharin found in one
bottle of diet soda per day, the resear-
chers gave 50 rats the equivalent of
saccharin contained in 800 bottles of
diet soda per day. They found an
unusually high rate of bladder cancer
(at least five bcases in a sample of 50
rats), Vander said.
He criticized both the press and the
Food and Drug Administration for their
See RESEARCHPge 2
Betting on the right horse,
75-YEAR-OLD retired bricklayer rapidly par-
layed a $24 investment into $36,000 at an Off Track
Betting parlor in Utica, N.Y., before officials
stopped him - "for the man's own good," they
said. But he won another $38,000 within two days. Albert
re~nrdnaalia nf fUtica cashe in 19 winning 9 tickets onn a
Scordanaglia returned the next day and became angry
when his bet was refused again. Police gave him a ticket
charging him with disorderly conduct. But Scordanaglia
bet again Wednesday, reportedly by giving someone else
$1,500 to put on a daily double for him, and won $19,000. "He
is a very lucky man," Blanchard said. Scordanaglia lost
$3,200 Wednesday night at Vernon Downs harness race
track in Vernon, N.Y., but then $200 worth of bets suddenly
paid off - and he won another $19,000.
town 120 miles northwest of Los Angeles. Hudspeth said the
"medium-sized" elephant barely made it through the front
door. "When he did his tricks, everybody was going crazy. I
wish I could have let him sit around for a while," Hudspeth
said. "But it would have been a hell of a mess if he had
fallen through the floor." The elephant, evidently deciding
to go bar hopping, left the Goldstone and took his business
down Main Street to the California Country Cocktail
Lounge. "I don't drink so I could tell it was real," the
lounge's bartender said after the animal poked its trunk in-
to the bar. Bartender Hudspeth was asked what an elephant
nn dn in a sma11 nwn h r "Anvthin he wante tn " Hud-
light, said Phillipsburg Police Sgt. Brian Kolterman. 'I just
got tired of her saying the car was nothing but a piece of
junk," said Mongeau, manager and part owner of a Phillip-
sburg cement company. "I didn't think it was a piece of
junk. But since she thought it was, I figured I'd make it
one." His wife, from whom Mongeau is separated, could not
be reached for comment. Mongeau's vehicle, which was
used by his wife even though the couple is seeking a divor-
ce, was a complete loss, and was particularly inadequate in