The Michigan Daily--Saturday, December 5, 1981-Page 5
Student Legal Services
aids students in court cases
By KENT REDDING
Student Legal Services is similar to
the University's Health Service; it is
there when you need it and it's free.
Student Legal Services, -located in the
Michigan Union, provides legal advice
and assistance to University students.
4he service has dealt with more than
1000 legal problems this year, with
nearly 300 cases currently open, accor-
ding to SLS attorney Barbara Kessler.
ALL SERVICES provided by SLS are
paid for by $2.60 taken from each
students's mandatory MSA student
government assessment of $3.90 each
Five professional attorneys staff the
JLS office, with University law studen-
ts and undergraduates volunteering
their services to augment the staff.
SLS handles a variety of student legal
problems, from consumer matters to
divorces. "This is a general practice
law office," Kessler explained. Most
cases involve landlord-tenant
problems, family law matters, and
MANY CASES involve only coun-
seling of clients, as was the case with
engineering senior Al Parisi. Parisi
needed advice on how to sue his ex-
roommate in small claims court. "I
didn't know anything about small
claims until I went to the legal ser-
vices," Parisi said.
LSA senior Gerald Skupin, an em-
ployee at Dooley's bar, needed SLS help
when he was charged with selling
alcohol to a minor. "They were great,"
Skupin said. "They helped me a lot and
I won my case."
The office has "walk-in" hours star-
ting at 2 p.m. on Mondays and Thur-
sdays. Students seeking legal counsel
can sign up for a walk-in appointment
at noon on these days.
"FOR MOST clients that's (walk-in
appointments) the intake into the of-
fice," Kessler said. "Exceptions to that
are people who are involved in divorce,
bankruptcy, a landlord/tenant case, or
a criminal matter go directly to a case
The office of Student Legal Services
was formed in 1978 by a student
referendum allocating funds from the
Michigan Student Assembly fees.
"It's a real bargain," asserted
Though SLS is a semi-independent
organization, Kessler said the Univer-
sity Regents place restrictions on the
types of cases SLS may handle. It is not
allowed to handle litigation against the
University. Nor may it handle cases
such as personal injuries which would
result in indemnities. Also, it is not
permitted to handle legal suits brought
by one University student against
another. "We do give advice in most
cases, however," Kessler said.
Because of the high volume of studen-
ts now using the office, Kessler said the
office wants to offer more infor-
mational programs. "I think one thing
we can do is prevent legal problems if
people know their rights in advance,"
Consequently, Kessler periodically
writes a question and answer column
for the Daily on Sundays. Another SLS
attorney, Stanley Pollack, hosts the
"Radio Free Lawyer" program on
WCBN, the campus radio station.
In time for Christmas AP Photo
Former Maryland Gov. Marvin Mandel was released early yesterday from federal prison in Florida after President
Reagan commuted his 3-year sentence. He had served 19 months.
Reagan loosens controls
on CIA domestic worek
program was targeted for discon-
tinuance, as President Reagan cut
VISTA housing law reform projects in
California during his term there as
Guzmich said she hoped there would
be some way to continue the project
even when the VISTA money runs put.
"I'd hate to see it drop just because the
funding's been cut," she said.
Guzmich and fellow worker Ellen
Rabinowitz, the other remaining VISTA
worker, were to have had their contrac-
ts terminated Nov. 20.
However, Guzmich said she received
a call from the state VISTA office
during the last week of November
notifying her and Rabinowitz that they
would be allowed to continue under
their present contracts for another
Hypnosishelps reduce anxieties
(Continued from Page 1)
AFTER explaining hypnosis, White
said she would hypnotize the group
three times to help them reduce their
White then told the group members to
get in comfortable positions and close
their eyes. She then told the group, in a
very soothing voice, to relax and let all
their tension melt from their bodies.
"You will set aside a time to study ...
you will be confident in your ability to
tak an examination . you will find
the material interesting and will
remember it," she told the group.
AT THE END of the first hypnosis,
IQs are easier to hypnotize because
they have a greater mental capacity.
SAGINAW (UPI) - A fugitive who
escaped while en route to a courtroom
and shot two people may have changed
clothes, abducting a 70-year-old woman
and made a getaway in a stolen car,
police said yesterday.
The manhunt for Robert Tyler
Cousins broadened late last night after
police discovered an elderly woman
was missing from a home in the area
where police dogs last traced the man.
TYLER, 28, of Detroit, overpowered
and shot a sheriff's deputy with his own
gun earlier in the day while being tran-
sported through a security tunnel to a
Tyler was on trial for armed robbery
and assault with intent to commit mur-
der at the time for the robbery-shooting
of a hitchhiker near Saginaw.
After fleeing the courthouse complex,
Tyler allegedly shot a second man - a
postal worker - during a botched at-
tempt to steal the man's mail truck.
The sheriff's deputy, who was shot in
the head, and the postal carrier, who
had an artery in his arm severed in the
shooting, both were hospitalized in
stable but serious condition.
Saginaw Lt. Matthew Danbro said
police dogs tracked Tyler's scent to a
residential area where it was believed
he stole a car. Danbro refused to
release details but said an elderly
woman in the area also appeared to
have disappeared about the time Tyler
she asked the group members if they
knew how long they had been hyp-
notized. A few people suggested 10
minutes. In reality, the group had been
under hypnosis for 20 minutes.
After the seminar was completed,-
White gave each member of the group a
cassette tape to be listened to twice a
day to reinforce the suggestions she had
Feeling "relaxed and good in every
way," the members of the group went
their, separate ways, "confident in their
abilities," White said.
BESIDES THE seminars offered by
White, there are many places locally
that offer hypnotherapy. One of these
places is the Gestalt Institute of Ann
Arbor, run by Michael BenDor.
BenDor does "a lot of work with
students, in every school (of the
University), at every level," he said.
Some of the problems he deals with are
anxiety over mathematics, problems
asking for help, and test anxiety.
"Hypnosis," he said, "is the science
of suggestion." He said what he does
specifically is to "teach people how to
teach themselves new patterns of
behavior." BenDor added that he does
this by helping people "overcome men-
THE KEY aspect of hypnosis, Ben-
Dor said, is that "if you don't believe it
then it won't work." He said anyone can
be hypnotized, but people with higher
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BenDor also said most hypnotists of-
ten have degrees in some area of
medicine, social work, or psychology.
James Papsdorf, an associate
professor of psychology, said "the most
effective techniques available for test
anxiety and performance anxiety are
those which employ a cognitive coping
situation." In this way, a student learns
to replace i "irrational and self-
defeating thought with images and self-
statements that are more conducive to
a relaxed state," he said.
PAPSDORF SAID a hypnotherapy
procedure may help that situation, but
he added that "the imagining of a series
of threatening test situations and the
successful talking down of the anxiety
would be especially helpful."
Papsdorf said most students look at a
question on a test and a series of com-
plex things go on internally. He said
students have the attitude "I must not
fail, I must do well." This attitude in-
creases feelings of anxiety, he said.
But Papsdorf said if the student talks
himself or herself out of that situation,
stays calm, takes one question at a
time, and says "I'd like to get an A but
if I don't, that's okay," they will do
much better on the exam.
Hypnosis may or may not be effec-
tive. As BenDor said, "If you believe it,
it will work."
WASHINGTON (AP)- President Reagan loosened yester-
day the domestic safeguards imposed by two predecessors to
keep the CIA and other intelligence agencies from abusing
civil liberties, saying he wants "to remove the aura of
suspicion" surrounding their missions.
Reagan's order includes new authority for the Central In-
telligence Agency to collect "significant" foreign intelligen-
ce inside the United States, and gives it the right to conduct
covert domestic operations if they are not intended to in-
fluence U.S. policies or politics.
HOWEVER, REAGAN said that under the new guidelines
"no intelligence agency of the United States.. . will be given
the authority to violate the rights and liberties guaranteed to
all Americans by our Constitution and laws."
The order replaces one signed by President Carter in
January 1978, which the Reagan administration had
criticized as unduly hampering U.S. intelligence activities.
Carter's order had loosened restrictions that had been im-
posed by President Ford.
Reagan said the revised rules were needed to "provide
America's intelligence community with clearer, more
positive guidance and to remove the aura of suspicion and
mistrust that can hobble our nation's intelligence efforts."
ALTHOUGH EXPANDING the CIA's role inside the United
States, the executive order does so on a much more limited
scale than Reagan administration officials proposed in three
earlier drafts, which leaked to the press beginning last Mar-
ch and were sharply criticized in Congress.
Despite the changes, Rep. Donald Edwards (D-Calif.),
chairman of a House Judiciary subcommittee on con-
stitutional rights, criticized the new order for putting "the
CIA back in business in the United States with no oversight
and a secret budget."
But Daniel Moynihan (D-N.Y.) and acting chairman of the
Senate Intelligence Committee, said "It appears that the
president has accepted the advice" offered by his panel,
which had been critical of the earlier drafts. Moynihan said
that it did not appear to him that the CIA had been "given a
new domestic role."
SEN. JOHN CHAFEE (R-R.I.) said "I'm more than
satisfied, I'm pleased. The difference with the order of
President Carter isn't that great."
Another member of the Senate panel, Republican Harrison
Schmitt of New Mexico, said the administration had accep-
ted most of the committee's recommendations, adding that
"they've done an outstanding job." Sen. Patrick Leahy (D-
Vt.) agreed, saying "I feel one heck of a lot better than I did
six months ago ... It appears all our major concerns, in fact
all our concerns, have been addressed."
Reagan's order will allow the CIA to collect "significant"
foreign intelligence within the United States if that effort is
not aimed at learning about the domestic activities of U.S.
residents and corporations. Carter restricted CIA collection
of foreign intelligence in the United States to either commer-
cial information or information on U.S. residents or cor-
porations believed to be acting on behalf of a foreign power.
IN COLLECTING such significant foreign intelligence in
the United States, Reagan would allow the CIA to use infor-
mants who could seek access to confidential'records.
Reagan's order was criticized by a coalition of 109 civil
liberties, religious, foreign affairs, consumer and environ-
mental groups, which called it a reversal in efforts to prevent
intelligence agencies from violating the rights of Americans.
The coalition, known as the Campaign for Political Rights,
said the intelligence abuses uncovered by congressional
committees in the 1970s had never produced "adequate
restrictions on those agencies. The Reagan order is a step
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