Ninety- Two Years
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Vol. XCII, No. 70
Copyright 1981, The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Friday, December 4, 1981
Reagan Mideast policy shortsighted, says lobbyist
By JOHN ADAM
The strategic accord announced Monday
between Israel and the United States fell
short of Israel's desire to stockpile American
arms in the region, a director of the
American-based Israeli lobby said yesterday.
The watered-down accord, together with
President Reagan's recently passed AWACS
package, represent a shortsightedness on
the Middle East situation, which is dangerous
to U.S. interests said Jonathan Kessler of the
American Israel Public Affairs Committee, in
an interview yesterday.
THIS NEW agreement commits the two
countries to cooperate militarily in efforts
against Soviet and/or Soviet-controlled forces
posing threats in the Middle East. Israeli of-
ficials had wanted the accord to include the
stockpiling of U.S. Tanks and other heavy
armaments in Israel.
"The United States under the Reagan Ad-
ministration is not protecting American in-
terests," Kessler said, adding that "there's
no way in the world that peace can be
facilitated by throwing arms at Saudi
The controversial AWACS deal gives the
Saudi's $8.5 billion in sophisticated military
equipment including Sidewinder missiles,
auxiliary fuel tanks, aerial refueling tankers,
ground radar stations, and the five AWACS.
AFTER THE Senate passed the AWACS
package, the Saudi's raised their oil prices $2
per barrel. The price hike, contended
Kessler, will allow the Saudi's to pay for the
entire AWACS package within 500 days.
The United States has a one-sided relation-
ship with Saudi Arabia, Kessler said. "We get
no favors from Saudi Arabia."
"Saudi Arabia is still working against U.S.
interests," Kessler said, noting that the oil
rich sheikdom condemned the U.S. military
exercise Bright Star, and called the United
States-Libyan air shootout an "act of
IN ADDITION, the Washington-based lob-
byist said, Saudi Arabia has offered to pur-
chase $500 million of advanced Russian arms
for Syria, a Soviet ally. The Saudis also con-
tinue to fund the PLO at $400 million a year,
Kessler, who gave two lectures in Ann Ar-
bor yesterday, said the Reagan ad-
ministration should recognize that Israel is a
strategic asset to the United States.
Although Arab nations presently use oil as a
political lever against the United States,
Kessler said America has to realize it doesn't
have to fall prey to Arab interests.
"THE UNITED States may need the milk,
but the cow needs to give it even more," he
said in reference to Libya, which even after
the Gulf of Sidra dog fight incident, still sup-
plies the United States with oil.
In contract with the 'Arab states, Israel
recognizes the Soviet threat to the Middle
East and seeks to Strengthen its strategic
relationship with the United States, Kessler
The young lobbyist said Reagan was
dragged into the . AWACS campaign by
Secretary of Defense Caspar Weingerger
who, Kessler contended, initiated the deal
while the president was in the hospital.
See U.S., Page 5
JERUSALEM (AP) - The United
States and Israel published a joint
declaration yesterday aimed at
clearing the way for European par-
ticipation in the Sinai peacekeeping
force. But Jewish settlers opposed to
Israel's planned withdrawal from Sinai
in April staged violent protests in the
They burned a government office in
the Sinai town of Yamit on the
Mediterranean and barricaded the
town gates to protest the governnent's
refusal to meet their compensation
demands. The office was damaged but
there were no injuries.
THE JOINT declaration said the
2,400-man force, half of it American,
will have the functions defined in the
Egyptian-Israel peace treaty and an at-
tached protocol, "and there can be no
derogation or reservation from them."
The declaration said Europe agreed,
in letters to the United States dated
Nov. 26, that "they have attached no
See EUROPEANS, Page 5
by GSL cuts
By PAM FICKINGER
Government funds for Guaranteed
Student Loans may be cut to the point
where graduate students will be
eliminated entirely from the GSL
program, Secretary of Education
Terrel Bell said yesterday.
Even though no official action has
been taken in Washington concerning
the GSLs, drastic reductions in the loan
program are being considered, accor-
ding to Donald Deskins, associate dean
of the graduate school.
DESKINS, WHO attended a luncheon
in Washington at which Bell spoke
yesterday, said the effect of the
possible cuts would be "disastrous" to
graduate students. Of the University
students who receive GSLs, 22 percent
are graduate students. Nationwide,
graduate students comprise 30 percent
to 40 percent of all GSL recipients,
Graduate students are eligible to
receive a maximum $5,000 per year in
GSL funds, while undergraduates are
eligible for $2,500 per year.
The GSL program is "one of the most
important programs at this school,"
said Thomas Butts, assistant to the
University vice president for academic
IN LIGHT OF other recent cutbacks
in financial aid-such as large reduc-
tions in the Pell Grant program-the
GSL has become one of the major sour-
ces of financial support for graduate
GSLs-currently used by 14,000
University students-are low-interest
student loans subsidized by the federal
government at a cost of $2.7 billion this
year, Butts said.
University students received $49
million in GSL funds this year.
See WASHINGTON, Page 2
B a knbloodDaily Photo by JACKIE BE
Registered nurses Janis Thaxton and Dorothy Scheibner reassure student donors at a blood drive in the Michigan Union
yesterday. The drive is being sponsored by Alpha Phi Omega, a charitable fraternity. Red Cross volunteers will con-
tinue collection efforts in the Union through 5 p.m. today and re-open for business at Bursley 11 a.m. Monday.
November auto sales dive
DETROIT (AP) - U.S. automakers
suffered their worst November in 22
years last month as new car sales
plunged 18.4 percent, the five major
companies reported yesterday.
Sales dropped to 431,726 for the mon-
th, compared to 529,288 for November
1980, automakers said.
HOWEVER, the seasonally adjusted
annual rate of sales improved slightly
from October. The domestic
automakers' annual sales rate of 5.3
million cars in November was up from
an annual rate of about 5 million cars
the month before.
Among the Big Three automakers,
Ford Motor Co. suffered the largest
sales decline, 20.2 percent, selling
97,646 cars for the month against 122,356
in November 1980.
General Motors Corp.'s sales of
270,198 cars were down 18.1 percent
from 329,793 a year ago.
CHRYSLER CORP. sales fell 14.7
percent to 45,011 cars for the month,
compared with 52,740 last year. Sales
at American Motors Corp. amounted to
9,448 cars for the month, down 30.3 per-
cent from 13,561 a year ago, while
Volkswagen of America's sales of 9,423
cars were down 13.1 percent from last
During November, domestic
automakers sold cars at a rate of 17,989
per day, the lowest daily rate for any
November since 1959, when the rate
was 15,995 cars per day.
Sales of imported cars also fell in
November'to about 151,000 from 167,762
last year, but the import share in-
creased to 25.9 percent from last year's
For the year, U.S. car sales are down
3.9 percent from 1980 to 5,848,710 again-
st last year's 6,106,810. Because there
was one more selling day in the first 11
months of 1980, the percentage is based
on the rate of sales per day.
GM has sold 3,578,026 cars, down 6.6
percent from 3,844,478 a year ago, while
Ford has sold 1,308,564 cars so far this
year, down 3.4 percent from 1,359,617
last year. Chrysler sales through
November stand at 681,828, up 14.6 per-
cent from last year's 596,890.
At AMC, sales for the first 11 months
stand at 128,941 cars, down 7.5 percent
from 139,844 a year ago, while at VW,
sales are down.8.3 percent for the year
to 151,351 from 165,981.
'Tag Day' rings in holiday spirit
By LISA CRUMRINE
Bright red and green tags and red
ponchos will dot the sidewalks of Ann
Arbor today and tomorrow ... yes, it's
time for the Annual Galens Tag Day.
Every year at Christmas time, mem-
bers of the Galens Medical Society, a
service organization of University
medical students, grab buckets and
canvass the Ann Arbor area seeking
donations to help sick and needy
children of Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti.
FOUNDED IN 1914, the Galens
society has been holding the Tag Days
since 1927. Last year's bucket drive
Proceeds from this year's drive will
be used in several ways, according to
Stephen Wexler, society spokesman.
"We have an annual commitment,"
he said. "So some of the money goes for
running -the Galen's Pediatric
Workshop at Mott Children's Hospital,"
a special program teaching young
patients to read and learn. The money
is used to pay the workshop's one full-
time instructor and other expenses, he
Wexler also said some of the proceeds
go to the Galens Pediatric Unit at St.
Joseph Mercy Hospital. Several years
ago, the Galens pledged $100,000 to help
fund a facility for the care of children
and adolescents. As of last year, the
pediatric unit had received 60 ;percent
of the pledge.
"The rest of the money goes to one-
time projects," added Wexler. "We get
proposals each year from various
organizations and we have a committee
to decide which ones get funded. The
only criteria is that it helps children in
the Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti areas, and
that the places can't get money from
Daily Photo by JACKIE BELL
And on the third day .. .
French horn professor Louis Stout becomes one of three "french hens" to bring the third chorus of "The Twelve Days of
Christmas" carol to life in the Michigan Union. The performances are being staged from 12:15 to 12:45 p.m. each day
for twelve days. Today's performance, "four calling birds," will feature a University square dancing group.
The Real Men
EVEN IF YOU'RE sick of male cheesecake, don't
miss the final (we hope!) inen of Michigan
calendar. Dubbed "The Real Men of Michigan,"
this Gargoyle extravaganza is a calendar to end
all calendars. It features both well-known and soon-to-be
cutting into the state's alcohol trade. Officials said Wed-
nesday a newly-formed border enforcement unit will be'
assigned full-time to shutting off the illegal flow of beer and
other alcoholic beverages into Michigan. A previously
unenforced state law prohibits importation of more than a
case of beer without special approval from the Liquor Con-
trol Commission and payment of excise taxes of $6.30 per
barrel or about 47 cents a case. "It's not our intention to
harass the public, but we can't allow the present disregard
for this law to continue," said LCC chairman Thomas Sch-
mciorart n ,,my wr-arna rpt iltr- in Michian h vei f-
the popular Christmas tune as he paid his fare. The driver
warned him to shut up or get off, earning a round of jeers
and boos from the rest of the passengers, who then began
singing the song themselves. "In just a few minutes, prac-
tically everybody aboard was singing along," one witness,
who asked not to be identified, told the San Francisco
Chronicle. "It was really very moving." The bus, however,
was not. The driver pulled it to the side of the : road and re-
fused to continue until the spontaneous caroling stopped.
But for half an hour, the impromptu musicale continued.
Finally, the passengers began leaving the bus and the
honesty saved the athletic department $200. Amos is a big
lacrosse fan, said his owner, Bob Day, who returned the
balls. Day, who teaches English literature on campus, said
Amos liked to join the team on the field and grab the balls.
The Laborador also scours woods and tall grass bordering
the practice area and brings lost balls to his master, who
pockets them. Day said that he saves the balls until he has a
large enough cache, usually about 50, to turn in to the
athletic department. The return of 200 balls included 25 golf
balls, tennis balls and soft balls. "He's indiscriminate,