Page 2-Thursday, December 3, 1981--The Michigan Daily
Nicaragua to receive Soviet jets,official says
WASHINGTON (AP)- A senior U.S. official said
yesterday that Nicaragua is preparing to bolster its
air force with Soviet-made MiG jets and is "on the
verge of becoming a superpower in Central American
The official, who spoke on condition his name and
position not be identified, disclosed that the
revolutionary government in Nicaragua recently
lengthened three runways to accommodate MiGs.
THE OFFICIAL said the U.S. government now ex-
pects about two dozen MiG jets to arrive in
Nicaragua next spring.,
As a result, the official said, the Soviet bloc "can
see for the first time the possibility of a military base
in Central America." That statement represented the,
most serious statement yet in a recently stepped-up
Reagan administration campaign warning of a drift
of the Sandanista government toward the Soviet bloc.
"The appearance of the planes will tip the balan-
ce," the official said. "Now the Hondurans have air
superiority, but when the MiGs and pilots get there
they won't." Honduras has a pro-Western gover-
THE ARRIVAL of the planes "will cement
Nicaragua's military superiority in Central
America," the official said.
Last week,,another senior U.S. official said the
Soviet Union recently transferred 17 MiG-21 jets to
Cuba, prompting speculation this would allow Cuba
to send older MiGs to Nicaragu4. Earlier, U.S. of-
ficials had said Nicaraguan pilots are being trained
Reviewing.Soviet bloc influence in Nicaragua, the
senior official said that the capital, Managua, "has
become an international center with East Germans
there, Bulgarians there, North Koreans there,
Soviets there, Cubans there, and even the PLO
(Palestine Liberation Organization)."
THE OFFICIAL said East Germans were handling
Nicaragua's internal security and Cubans were run-
ning its army.
The official said that when the Sandanistas over-
threw Anastisio Somoza two-and-a-half years ago the
Nicaraguan army had 7,000 men mostly concentrated
in Managua. Now, he said, it has 50,000 troops and an
additional 200,000 militiamen.
Other U.S. officials, however, said yesterday that
the number of Nicaraguan servicemen is far short of
50,000 although that figure has been established as a
goal by the Nicaraguan government. They also
described the 200,000-man militia as a target that will
take some time to achieve.
Secretary of State Alexander Haig had said
previously there are 3,000 Cubans in Nicaragua.
Reagan to review status
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Of air trafic
(Continued from Page) )
TOLD OF THAT statement, AFL-CIO
spokesman Rex Hardesty said .the
White House had "closed the door" on
the federation's desire that the con-
trollers be rehired. "This puts us back
to square one," he said.
Speakes quoted Reagan, former
President of the Screen Actors' Guild,
as telling the AFL-CIO leadership in an
hour-long meeting, "I never an-
ticipated I would be estranged from
labor with all the yars I put in as a union
"This would be a good point for us to
consider starting over. We need con-
sultations to get this country moving
again," Reagan was quoted as saying.
A DAY EARLIER, Reagan told
leaders of the Teamsters union he was
considering whether to lift a three-year
ban on any federal employment for the
air traffic strikers. Yesterday, accor-
ding to the AFL-CIO contingent, he
went a step further and said he "will
review" the entire issue.
Kirkland said the union leaders
"urged returning these workers to their
jobs so as to restore normal air traffic
service as soon as possible,,spare the
public further inconvenience and per-
mit the thousands of other furloughed
air industry employees to return to
One union leader, who declined to be
identified publicly, said Reagan com-
mitted himself to a wide-ranging
review after Kirkland and John O'Don-
nell, head of the Air Line Pilots
Association, asked him to return the
controllers to the flight towers.
"The entire matter is going to be
discussed with Transportation
Secretary Drew Lewis when he gets
back," Speakes said.
THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN GILBERT AND SULLIVAN SOCIETY
DECEMBER 9 THROUGH 12,1981 FOR TICKET INFORMATION
LYDIA MENDELSSOHN THEATER CALL 761-7855
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Casey gets tepid endorsement
WASHINGTON- The Senate Intelligence Committee handed William
Casey a tepid endorsement yesterday to stay on as CIA director, but
declared he had displayed "an insufficient appreciation" of his obligation to
be open and truthful with Congress.
In a statement notable for its negative phrasing, the committee said its
four-month investigation into the intelligence chief's past business dealings
found "no basis ... for concluding that Mr. Casey is unfit" to stay in office.
At the same time, the panel criticized Casey for being "at minimum inat-
tentive to detail" and said his financial disclosures to Congress "were
deficient in several respects."
Only one senator, Democrat Joseph Biden of Delaware, dissented from the
report. Biden flatly declared he had no confidence in Casey.
Supreme Court hands victory
to labor over secretaries
WASHINGTON- Most front-office secretaries and other workers with ac-
cess to an employer's confidential records are entitled to join unions, the
Supreme Court ruled yesterday. The 5-4 vote, reversing a lower court, was a
major victory for organized labor.
The court said only those employees who handle sensitive documents
dealing with labor relations itself are excluded from full protection of the
federal labor law.
Syrians march against Habib
DAMASCUS, Syria- Chanting "Habib, Habib, Go Away," 300,000 demon-
strators marched past the U.S. Embassy yesterday protesting a visit by U.S.
envoy Philip Habib and blaming the United States for a weekend bomb blast
reported to have killed more than 150 people.
The march, sanctioned and encouraged by the government, was timed to
precede Habib's two-hour meeting with President Hafez Assad at the end of
a stormy visit to Syria to discuss the Lebanese crisis. Habib was expected to
next fly to Jordan though his plans were kept secret.
Officials announced the arrest of the terrorists blamed for Sunday's bomb
blast outside an army barracks in Damascus. They said the terrorists were
all members of the banned Moslem Brotherhood, an extremist organization
that seeks to overthrow Assad as a traitor to Islamic fundamentalism.
Begin wins confidence votes
JERUSALEM- Prime Minister Menachem Begin's coalition government
yesterday defeated four parliamentary motions of no-confidence introduced
by opposition parties to protest the new U.S.-Israeli strategic alliance.
With eight members of the 120-member Knesset absent, Begin's coalition
defeated the measures by a 57-53 vote. Two members abstained.
In debate before the vote, Defense Minister Ariel Sharon defended the
alliance against critics who say it sharpens Soviet-Israeli frictions into
outright confrontation, but gets little new American backing for the Jewish
state in exchange.
Critics say the accord does not provide for American aid in case of an
Arab-Israeli war, for stockpiling U.S. weapons in Israel or for U.S. land
maneuvers in this country like those recently held in Egypt.
Sharon also gave the impression that the controversial pact, signed in
Washington on Monday, had secret provisions. The United States has denied
N.Y.C. garbage heaps grow
NEW YORK- Thousands of tons of garbage festooned the streets of the
Big Apple yesterday in the second day of a pre-Christmas Holiday strike by
private sanitation workers.
The city began making emergency pickups of up to 16,000 tons of trash that
had piled up on city streets but collected only a fraction of it. Steady over-
night rain soaked boxes of trash, causing them to fall apart on the sidewalks.
Crowded Chinatown and midtown Manhattan were the worst hit areas.
Some 2,000 private sanitation workers walked off their jobs at 12:01 a.m.
Tuesday in a strike against 490 carting firms that serve 50,000 city commer-
cial concerns. The city collects trash only from homes and municipal
Unb 3icbigan maIU
Vol. XCII, No.69
Thursday, December 3, 1981
The Michigan Daily is edited and managed by students at The Univer-
sity of Michigan. Published daily Tuesday through Sunday mornings during
the University year at 420 Maynard Street, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 49109. Sub-
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Computers: They 're all
over the place at the 'U'
(Continued from Page 1)
during the day is so slow he cannot ac-
As the demand for computing
facilities grows, the University tries to
keep pace by upgrading its machinery
(hardware) and its programming,
Aupperle said. -The next change will
come in April, when the current com-
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Catch it, all over town.
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University Cellar Campus Corner
Border's Books Village Corner
puter-an Amdahl 470V/8-will be
replaced by a new model.
The new Amdahl 5860 will be the first
of its class, Aupperle said. It will be
twice as fast, with a larger memory
than the computer currently in use, he
FINERMAN said the new Amdahl
will cost about $3.2 million - "an offer
we couldn't refuse," he said. It should
support from 600 to 700 simultaneous
terminal operators - as opposed to the
400 possible now - plus a full array of
batch jobs, according to Finerman.
And it has the potential to grow
beyond that. With an eye to the future,
the Computing Center is working to
establish a network of underground
cables on campus, Finerman said. This
would provide another way for in-
dividuals or departments with small
computers to tap into MTS.
Finerman said financial constraints
are preventing this system, which
would extend to University campuses in
Dearborn and Flint, from being com-
pleted as quickly as most people at the
Computing Center would like.
BUT THERE are more plans, waiting
for realization. The University has
been engaged in a joint project with
IBM during the past year to develop an
integrated wordprocessing system.
"There has been an explosion in wor-
dprocessing applications in the last few
years," Finerman said.
The Univesity also is planning to
acquire a specialized computer, called
CYTO, built by Ann Arbor's CYTO
Systems, Inc. Dick Volz, an associate
director of the computing center, said
CYTO is used for image processing,
and it will be one of only four in the
There is little doubt that the influence
of computers at the University will
grow. Already MTS is part of the
MERIT computer network, a joint un-
dertaking of Wayne State, Michigan
State, Western Michigan University,
and the University of Michigan. The
goal is to share the diverse computing
resources of the different universities.
ASSOCIATE Director Aupperle said
the University's computer is also con-
nected to the nationwide GTE
TELENET system. TELENET, in
turn, is hooked up to other computer
networks around the world. This
makes it possible for people in most
major cities to tap into MTS.
All of this growth in computerization
has led some people to ask if it will
result in dehumanization. "Humans
are inevitably responsible for what a
computer does," Finerman answered.
"A human writes the program." He
said the misuse of computers can easily
result in dehumanization, but when
used properly, they can aid people im-
Q~te- t~v 4i0,
Qe 0(% eat
Editor-in-chief .................... SARA ANSPACH
Managing Editor..............JULIE ENGEBRECHT
University Editor................ LORENZO SENET
News Editor ........................DAVID MEYER
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Sports Editor ................... MARK MIHANOVIC
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PHOTOGRAPHERS-Jackie Bell. Kim Hill. Deborah
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ARTISTS: Robert tence. Jonathan Stewart. Richard
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Thompson, Josie VonVoigtlander, 'Kent Walley, Karl
Wheatley, Chris Wilson, Bob Wojnowski.
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BUSINESS STAFF: Liz Altman. Hope Barron. Alan Blum.
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tor, Alexander DePillis. Susan Epps. Wendy Fox.
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1011 12 4 6 7 8 9 10 8 10 11 12 13 14 6 8 9 10t11 12-
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24 25 26 18 20 21 22 23 24 22 24 25 6-2-86
27 2 3025 6 27 28 29 30 31
JANUARY FEBRUARY MARCH APRIL