-Wednesday, November 18, 1981-The Michigan Daily
ouston gets first woman mayor
)USTON (AP) -City Controller Kathy Whitmire.
elected Houston's first woman mayor yesterday,
ng a landslide victory over runoff election op-
nt Sheriff Jack Heard.
hitmire, who received the backing of moderates
liberals during the campaign, joins Jane Byrne
hicago and Dianne Feinstein of San Francisco as
e of the few women mayors of big cities in the
ed States. Houston is the nation's fourth-largest
with 1.1 million people.
ITH 78 percent of the vote counted - 281 of 360
incts - Mrs. Whitmire had 129,050 votes, or 60.2
ent, to Heard's 85,270 votes.
hitmire, 35, promised to run the city like a
ness, while the Harris County sheriff, 63, a career
enforcement officer, appealed more to conser-
ves and vowed to get tough with criminals.
"I think there is a lot of interest in Houston,
especially in how we have dealt with problems that
have arisen from the wealth we have," she said over
the drum of a band at her jubilant headquarters near
VOTER TURNOUT had been described as
moderate to heavy in this city of 1.1 million, the
Voters also had to choose winners of three other
races forced into runoffs - a new controller to replace
Whitmire and two seats on the City Council.
Whitmire got 36 percent of the vote in the city's
Nov. 3 election and Heard had 24 percent. Although
neither won a majority, they defeated incumbent
Mayor Jim McConn, who was accused of cronyism
and losing control of this Sun Belt boom town's ex-
plosive growth during his two-year terms in office.
WHITMIRE SAID in her campaign that she would
start a "loaned executive program which will allow
me to borrow experienced executives" to serve for one
or two years in city management positions. She said
she has seen, "millions of dollars wasted to pay out-
Heart endorsed the concept and claimed the
borrowed management idea was his own.a
The sheriff, who was police chief here from 1954 to
1956 and also served as 'an executive in the Texas
Department of Public Safety, pledged to reorganize
the police department and reform other city depar-
"This hasn't been done in 25 years," he said in a 10-
minute television debate with Mrs. Whitmire the
night before the election.
defense research still an issue on campus
(Continued from Page 1)
cept any contracts that restrict the
publication of the research results
beyond approximately one year-thus
excluding most classified research.
Classified research that is done on
campus usually requires certification
only because the investigators need ac-
cess to classified materials, not
because the work itself is classified.
Accordingto the policy, adopted by
the Regents in 1976, "The University
will not enter into or renew any
agreement or contract. .. the clearly
foreseeable and probable result of
which, the direct application of which,
or any specific purpose of which is to
destroy human life."
CRITICS OF the- policy, most of
whom support its basic principles,
believe that research still goes on here
that will lead to direct military ap-
plications; and thus "destroy human
Last year, the defense department
spent $4.6 million on research here-a
22 percent increase over the previous
year. These statistics may be
misleading, however, as the total
volume of all research on campus in-
creased 19 percent last year. .
As a percentage of all research done
at the University, defense department
sponsorship has remained at less than 5
percent since 1973.
DEFENSE-sponsored work at the
University covers a wide range of
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topics and disciplines:
e Engineering Prof. Thomas Senior is
conducting a one-year, $65,000 project
for the Air Force titled "B-52 and F-16
Scale model measurements." Senior
said the Air Force uses his results to try
to make aircraft' "as far as possible
immune to electromagnetic pulses ...
in order to protect the equipment. in-
side." Senior said he can use small
scale models, such as those found in a
hobby shop, "to get rather complicated
e Engineering Prof. James Nicholls
has been working for the Air Force and
Army for years on projects like
"Ignition and Combustion of aluminum
particles," Structure and Charac-
teristics of Heterogeneous Detonation,"
and "Detonation Characteristics of
Some Dusts." Nicholls describes his
work as a fundamental study of com-
bustion, detonation, acceleration of
flames, and related topics. "We're
looking at the explosibility of various
types of systems," he said. Included in
his work has been a study of grain dust
explosions, which apply to the preven-
tion of grain elevator accidents, he
said. "Whether you're doing it for ex-
plosive devices or protecting against
environmental hazards, you need to
know the fundamentals," he said.
* ENGINEERING Prof. Michael
Parsons examines through computer
analysis how the placement of fins on
submarines affects the maneuvering
characteristics of the vessels. His
study, entitled "Alternative Concepts
for Submarine Maneuvering Control,"
is intended to be an "independent look
at the fundamental design of sub-
marines," Parsons said. Because the
work is published, anyone, from com-
mercial interests to foreign countries,
has access to his findings.-
E Engineering Prof. Theodore Bir-
dsall has been working on ocean
acoustics for the Office of Naval
Research for 21 years. Through
physical experiments in the ocean, Bir-
dsall makes "longer range and higher
quality measurements of exactly how
sound propagates." The Navy uses his
work for a variety of navigational pur-
poses including improving its sonar
systems. Birdsall said he asks resear-
chers in Navy labs what types of
trouble they are having with sonar or
other oceanic communications systems
to "pull out a good basic research
problem." He said his work is classified
because he needs "to have access to
these people and their problems" and
without proper classification, he cannot
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* ENGINEERING PROF. Maurice
Sinnott heads a council of top experts
from across the country that meets
one month each year to study the
critical problems in materials the
defense department uses. Their work is
directed at materials which may come
into use in 10 or more years, Sinnott
said. "We give the defense deparment
ideas, we don't build any hardware,"r
" Engineering Prof. Emmett Leith
studied holography and image
processing for a year on a defense
department budget of $45,000. Calling
his work very basic research, he said,
"It's a technology the U.S. should not
fall behind in." Leith added that he is
"not familiar with the specific uses (the
Air Force) would have (for his work)."
" PROFESSOR OF Architecture
Harold Borkin aids the Army in
designing its buildings undera number"
of defense department contracts.
Borkin said the Army spends $1.5 billion
a year in construction, and his research
provides a small part of the necessary
preparatory work that goes into
designing and building.
As part of the Reagan ad-
ministration's efforts to revitalize the
military, the defense department plans
to spend more than $320 million this
year for unclassified basic research on
The budget for this fiscal year, which
started October 1, includes a $55 million
increase over last year, which succeeds
a 70 percent increase during the Carter
Some observers point to a connection
between increases in federal funds for
defense research and cuts in funds for
BUT TWOnc rPrinceton University
professors, in their report to the Prin-
ceton faculty last summer on the defen-
se department's research budget, said,
"The DoD will in no way expand to take
up the slack in social and behavioral
sciences left by cuts at the (National
That does not mean, however that
there is no room for growth in Pen-
tagon-supported research at the
University. A former director for
research in the defense department and
now a top administrator in a University
research branch said last week that the
University could double its research
volume from the defense department.
Although the dollars are not infinitely
available, George Gamota, the new
director of the University's Institute of
Science and Technology, said that an
institution such as the University with
its highly-developed technical schools
stands to gain many defense projects.
The director of the University's
Divison of Research and Development
Administration, Jim Lesch, said he has
already seen a slight rise in the number
of unsolicited proposals University
researchers have sent to the Depar-
tment of Defense. He would not,
however, conclude that this represents
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Senate conuittee goes against
Reagan; approves money bill
WASHINGTON - The Republican-controlled Senate Appropriations
Committee, ignoring President Reagan's request for a five percent across-
the-board spending cut, yesterday approved a massive money bill to keep
the government in business after midnight Friday.
Both Democrats and Republicans in Congress said they expected Reagan
to veto the bill when it reaches his desk, prbably Friday.
That, in turn, could keep Congress in session through the weekend as it
struggles to draft a revised measure that meets the president's conditions.
The House already has passed its own version of the measure, and final
Senate action is expected either today or tomorrow.
Nimitz plane crash kills four
Norfolk, Va.- Four Navy men were killed yesterday when their antisub-
marine plane crashed into the Mediterranean'while operating off the air-
craft carrier USS Nimitz, the Navy said.
The S-3 Viking aircraft; attached to Air Anti-Submarine Squadron 24 based
at Cecil Field Naval Air Station'in Jacksonville, Fla., was carrying out
routine flight operations about a mile from the carrier when the accident oc-
cured, according to a preliminary report.
The Navy said the crash occured about 70 miles northwest of Sicily about
10:45 a.m. EST and about a mile from the Nimitz.
Helicopters arrived at the scene almost immediately, but crews were
unable to rescue the men.
On May 26, an EA-SB Prowler Marine jet crashed on the deck of the Nimitz,
off the Florida coast, killing 14 and injuring 48.
Ireland's violence continues
with three separate outbreaks
BELFAST, Northern Ireland - Two people were shot to death yesterday
and a third was seriously wounded in three separate attacks that prompted
police to cancel all leaves throughout the violence-torn British province.
At the funeral of a Protestant legislator slain by the IRA, a mob shouting
"Murderer!" and "Traitor!" surged through police lines toward Britain's
Northern Ireland Secretary James Prior and one person reportedly struck
him in the head during the melee.
Hours later, gunmen ambushed and killed a soldier of the predominantly
Protestant Ulster Defense Regiment outside his home in Maguiresbridge,
County Fermanagh, near the border with the republic, police said. He wjis
the ninth victim of Northern Ireland's violence in eight days.
Earlier yesterday, attackers believed to be Protestant extremists shot and
killed a Catholic youth, the IRA shot and seriously wounded a police reser-
vist and another reservist shot last leek by the IRA died in a hospital.
Holden died of drunken fall
LOS ANGELES - Oscar-winning actor William Holden was killed in a
drunken fall at his beachfront apartment, in which he slipped on a throw rug
and smashed his head on a bedside table, officials said yesterday.
Coroner Thomas Noguchi said the autopsy and preliminary investigation
into the circumstances surrounding the actor's death sometime last week
indicated it was "accidental." He said there were no other injuries or in
dications of foul play at this time.
"The death was caused by an accidental fall involving tripping over or
slipping on a throw rug, then falling into the sharp edge of a bedside table,"
.die Michigan ?aId
Vol. XCII, No. 60
Wednesday, November 18, 1981
The Michigan Daily is edited and managed by students at The Univer-
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