Page'8--Tuesday, October 8, 1981--The Michigan Daily
Is In - 0 Am
_ J LART
P W ET IA R T Y
10 WEST LIBERTY, ANX ARDOR A iG~
ol school closing
ALPENA (UPI) - The 2,000 students
at Alpena High School are wearing
black armbands this week, and some
are making contingency plans to get
their diplomas elsewhere.
The Alpena school district is out of
money and all 14 schools will close
Friday for two weeks, idling 6,800
students. If voters reject a millage in-
crease Oct. 30, the schools will remain
closed for the year.
VOTERS IN Michigan's only county-
wide school district have rejected three
millage increase requests in less than a
year. If the Oct. 30 proposal fails,
school officials will try a fifth time on
Students have scheduled a march
through town on Oct 29 in hopes of
drumming up support for the millage.
Voters will be asked to renew 20.25
mills, which would bring in $15.2 million
a year, and an additional 3.45 mills to
provide $1.2 million for other activities,
including bus transportation.
Phillip Runkel, state superintendent
of public instruction, said Alpena is the
first Michigan school district to close in
HIGH SCHOOL students have dubbed
closing day "Black Friday"and are
wearing armbands to mourn the
passing of their education. Some
students, especially seniors, are plan-
ing to move.
Senior Ed Matash, for example, plans
to transfer to Traverse City or Flint to
make sure he gets his diploma on time.
Amy Dodge, another senior, said she
may move to Florida with her gran-
dparents and finish school there.
"The bitterness that's developing
here is unbelieveable,"said Barbara
Waters, whose husband, Jim, is a high
school football coach. "You seem to
know who the 'no'voters are. It's really
Spain s king arrives
for U.S. state visit
Daily Photo by BRIAN MASCK
MADRID, Spain (UPI)- King Juan
Carlos flew to Washington yesterday
for talks with President Reagan and a
two-day state visit called off in January
by a political crisis that led to an at-
tempted military coup.
Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia began
their trip on the 489th anniversary of
Christopher Columbus' discovery of
America - a national holiday
celebrated in Spain as Hispanic Day.
FOREIGN MINISTER Jose Pedro
Pere-Llorca accompanied the Spanish
royal couple on the trip, two weeks
before parliament votes on government
plans to enter NATO, with acceptance
of alliance membership a virtual cer-
Juan Carlos was to have been the first
foreign head of state to meet Reagan
after his Jan. 20 inauguration, but
called off the -visit in January after
Adolfo Suarez stepped down as Spain's
first post-Franco prime minister.
RIGHTIST officers hoping for a
return to strongman rule five years af-
ter the death of Francisco Franco
seized on the crisis that followed and
sent 300 Civil Guards into parliament
Feb. 23 as deputies voted on Suarez'
successor Leopoldo Calvo Sotelo.
Diplomats and Spanish government
officials agree the rebellion was
defeated largely due to Juan Carlos'
authority with the armed forces.
Although officials in Washington said
no outstanding policy issues were to be
discussed, Spanish sources said Juan
Carlos and Reagan would probably talk
about Spain's NATO .plans and the
Middle East situation after the
assassination of Egyptian President
Creative vandals transformed the University's famous Cube sculpture into a
giant die Saturday night. Located in Regents' Plaza, the Cube, which seems
to be an endless source of amusement for University newcomers, was
changed simply by the addition of large white circles of cardboard.
state iscal surve
'U' enrollment down, but
rises in some schools
DAVID NAUGHTON (Continued from Page )
S A UNI VERSAL RELEASE Planning, 494 (507 last fall); School of
Art, 581 (577); School of Business Ad-
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(Continued from Page 1)
"permits workers with relatively minor
disabilities to receive large benefits"
and helps create "strong work disin-
centives for many disabled workers."
"MICHIGAN suffers a considerable
and substantial disadvantage" from its
insurance structure," Brazer added.
The state may have tochoose a very
high wage structure with a high risk of
unemployment or lower wages with
lower unemployment, Brazer said..
Concerning high technology's
relationship with Michigan's future,
three University researchers who
worked on the project said an "analysis
of other states' high-technology
programs, covering a period of 20
years, points to success in job
HOWEVER, professors Marian Kr-
zyzowski, Michael Conboy, and Jesse
Hall cited another study that
"suggests that government research
laboratories in general do not appear to
act as a catalyst, attracting technology-
oriented facilities, nor are they a major
source of spin-offs.
"Other studies indicate, however,
that federal labs may have significant
spin-off potential. When linked with
universities, government labs may
nurture considerably more spin-off ac-
tivity," the report said.
Ann Arbor, which is "the nucleus of a
high-technology complex in Michigan"
is an example of how such a system can
work, they reported.
ANN ARBOR "has 10 government
laboratories and some 60 technology-
based companies employing 8,000
people. A strong impetus to the
development of this industry has been
the presence of the University. Many
area companies emerged as spin-offs,
transfering technology from University
labs to commercial applications."
The city's story has not been a com-
plete success, the study said. Its in-
dustries have not completed a full cycle
in which firms are producing on a large
enough scale to employ thousands of
THE PROPERTY tax relief question
was also a major emphasis of the study,
the first such comprehensive report
since Brazer headed another team in
The University initiated the study
last November after three property tax
questions played a major roll in the 1980
ballot, University President Harold
"The demand for tax cuts- is a very
vocal one that comes from a small,
well-organized minority in the state,"
THE MAJORITY of residents are
content with taxes or are willing to pay
higher rates if expansion is necessary,
the economist said.
He cited recent referendums in which
voters either turned down reform or
supported millage renewals.
From outisde the state, Michigan's
tax structure is "very highly regar-
ded," Brazer said.
THE REPORT does not deal with
proposals for how large the state
government should be or exactly how it
should allocate its resources, Brazer
said, for those are political questions.
The necessity for property tax relief
is based on the electorate's yiew of
what size government should be, he
The report found state expenditures
to be relatively high, with per capita
spending roughly 10 percent higher
than the national average.
MOST OF THAT figure can be at-
tributed to the state's expenditure
toward welfare, as state contributions
to highways and education have been
relatively low in recent years, Brazer
In his study of state expenditures,
economics Prof. John Cross found sup-
port for charges that state civil service
pay is too high and is rising faster than
is justified, staff sizes are too large and
continue to grow, and managerial in-
competence and even corruption drain
Concerning the state's welfare rates,
Cross said "many critics of the .
program charge that generous benefits
in Michigan actually induce potential
welfare recipients to move into the
state (or discourage them from
leaving) and at the same time make it
easy for some individuals to forego the
unpleasantness of an honest day's
work, collecting welfare payments in-
Brazer said the intent of his study is
to "inform the debate" on policy
decisions, not to provide a blueprint for
Brazer did have some optimism for
the state, citing the average level of in-
come which is still substantially
greater than in most other states.
The Egyptian military under Maj.
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forced the abdication of King Farouk
three days later. The following year,
Naguib became the first president and
premier of the new republic.
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