Page 8-B--Friday, September 11, 1981-The Michigan Daily
Officials ready for bomb
By JOHN ADAM
International talks break down.
Washington gives Moscow an
ultimatum: Withdraw all foreign troops
from the Persian Gulf within one week.
Surveillance satellites monitoring the
Soviet Union spot a migration of Soviet
citizens out of the major industrial and
-population centers. Washington
prepares for nuclear war.
And, according to federal gover-
nment sources, a "one megaton nuclear
air burst," equivalent to one million
tons of dynamite, may be targeted for
Ann Arbor if this scenario comes true.
"If you look back in history, was
there ever a time when there was not a
;war? We still have some caveman in-
stinct," said Michigan State Police
Emergency Division's Supervisor Ted
Many people think that everyone will
be obliterated in a, nuclear barrage,
said Ann Arbor Police Major Walter
Hawkins, director of Ann Arbor's civil
defense. "But people will be left when
the bombs are dropped."
Management Agency official Mernie
Van Del estimates that the Soviets
would lose about six percent of their
national population while the United
States would lose close to 60 percent in
the typical nuclear scenario.
"Right now the Soviets have the
capability to evacuate their high risk
areas. We can't. We're behind by
years,"said Van Del. ,
"This is why we're concerned Russia
may be able to fight a nuclear war and
win," said Van Del, adding that the
Soviets spend about $22 per capita on
civil defense while the United States
spends less than a "cup of coffee" per
"UNFORTUNATELY, the people in
the United States have decided the best
defense is the best offense," said Zale,
who recommended that the gover-
nment develop an extensive "defense"
plan for the relocation of its people
from the high risk areas.
High risk areas are those targeted for
nuclear attack, either because they are
centers of industry, military or high
population. Michigan has 22 such areas
- and Ann Arbor is one of them.
Van Del said the Soviet missiles are
accurate - "If they were to aim for a
pitcher's mound, it (the war head)
would land in the ball park." According
to the federal government, sources at
the conferencb said, a one megaton air
burst is targeted for Ann Arbor. This is
equivalent to one million tons of
dynamite and about 10 times greater
than the bomb dropped at Hiroshima
during World War II.
THOUGH THE speakers said there is
little we could do in the event of a sur-
prise attack, most believe it would be a
longer, more eventual deterioration
that would lead to a war. Therefore, an
extensive relocation program is essen-
tial, so that given advance notice, we
could move the general population from
high risk areas to "host areas."
Ann Arbor is fortunate in being in a
"self-contained county"-a county
which has enough areas to host the
evacuators from the high risk areas.
Wayne county residents, for example,
would have to go to host areas in Ohio,
Indiana, or toward Traverse City, ac-
cording to the state relocation plan.
Though Interstate 94 and U.S. 23
would be blockaded for military and
state government use, Ann Arbor
residents would evacuate along
Jackson, Scio Church, Whitmore Lake,
and Dexter-Ann Arbor roads to shelter
spaces in nearby outlying host areas.
"RIGHT NOW Ann Arbor evacuates
104,000 people in 45 minutes every foot-
ball Saturday," Zale pointed out. So
relocating the city's population
(107,316) should be little trouble, he
Radioactive fallout occurs in the
fourth step of a nuclear blast when the
gamma ray emitting grain-size par-
ticles fall from the mushroom cloud.
The first step is a bright flash of
light-so intense it can blind an
onlooker. The second step is a searing
wave of heat, and following that is the
blast wave carrying flying debris.
IF AN AVERAGE 5 megaton bomb is
dropped, everything within a three-
mile radius is totally destroyed. But
outside an eight mile radius there is
only "light damage," said VanDel.
This story was reprinted from the
Daily's summer edition.
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Ann Arbor is one of the state's 22 potential high-risk areas targeted for
nuclear attack. Officials at yesterday's Nuclear Civil Protection conference
in Ann Arbor stressed the need to realize that nuclear war, though un-
desirable, is definitely possible and even survivable.
Wool Navy Pea Coat
By DAVE McINTYRE
The Reagan administration should
consider issuing counterfeit-proof
national identity cards to all American
workers as a means of combating
illegal immigration to the United
States, the Rev. Theodore Heslurg
told the University's sumnier
graduates last month.
In his speech to the commencement
crowd Aug. 23, Hesburgh, who chaired
the president's Select Commission on
Immigration and Refugee Policy, said
such a worker identity card could help
prevent the easy integration of illegal
aliens into the American work force.
HESBURGH, WHO is also presiden
of Notre Dame University, said that it
is imperative that the United States
move to stem the growing tide of the
world's poor to affluent areas by
promoting affluence abroard.
"As long as there is the contradiction
of abundance for a few and utter
hopelessness for the many, the many
are going to move to wherever there is
abundance," Hesburgh told the
graduates. i'You in your lifetime may
yet see tens of millions of star-
ving people marching to where there is
food. The only basic answer is to helps
them now grow food where they are."
"Refugees are mainly the children of
war, persecution, and drought. I have
seen the empty sunken eyes, their
bloated bellies, their matchstick arms
and legs, their miserable huts and
strips of plastic against the weather,
their young without schooling, hunger
without food, sickness without
medicine, nakedness without clothing"
Hesburgh siad. "This is not an
American problem. This is a global
problem that needs desperately a
Hesburgh said the poverty of illegal
immigrants in the United States
"creates a subculture that depresses
labor standards and wages, an
unhealthy situation for all our society,
especially those caught in this trap."
The select Commission's report, sub-
mitted to President Reagan last march,
included a "Tripartite" proposal fdr
dealing with the problem of illegal im-
migration, Hesburgh said.
FIRST, ALL PERSONS who entered
the United States illegally after
January 1, 1980 would be given the
chance to legalize their status, and af-
ter five years apply for citizn~hip.
SecondV the select commission
suggested making it illegal for em-
ployers to hire anyone not authorized to
work in the United States; Hesburgh
recommended "an upgraded and coun-
terfeit-proof Social Security card 16
determine who is and is not authorized
Hesburgh also called for revision of
the Immigration 'and Nationality Act,
which he described as "maybe the
second worst law on our books after the
tax law." Current laws were designed
to promote immigration from Northern
Europe, Hesburgh said, while today's
population influx is primarily from
Latin America and the Far East. The
criteria uponwhich persons are to bed
selected for admittance to the. United
States suggested by the Commission
were spouses and children of previous
immigrants, a group of "seed im-
migrants. . . looking for economic op-
portunity, a new life, and a new hope,"
By ANN MARIE FAZIO
Several Ann Arbor women have an-
nounced plans to open a new women's
center in the city which would include a
restaurant, art gallery, retail stores,
and meeting halls.
The women, who said the plans are
still in the early stages, said their goal
is to create a "center for all women" to
meet and share their ideas in a suppor-
tive and encouraging atmosphere. They
said they hope to complete the center
within a year and a half.
SUSAN EDWARDS, a 40-year-old
Ann 'Arbor resident of 20 years, is
leading a group of women in developing
ideas for the proposed Women's Center.
"Supporting women's growth," will
be the center's main function, Edwards
said, "providing what doesn't already
exist." It would include space in which
women could hold workshops and
"share creative efforts." she said.
The idea is still "in the planning and
research phase," Edwards said, but the
idea has been around the community
for a long time. She added that most
other major college campuses have this.
type of center.
SHE EXPLAINED that the group is
"working on a process, rather than an
end product" at this stage, and added
that the center is intended to be a
"community project" for women to get
Being involved means participating
in all aspects of planning its opening,
she said, including designing, finan-
cing, promoting, and operating. The
group will train women in areas with
which they are unfamiliar, she added.
They want to "support women who are
trying out new things in their lives,"
The organizing committee working
on the idea has nearly 20 members and
"keeps growing every week," Edwards
said. Ope of the most important fun-
ctions of the group is to go out to
women's groups in the community to
determine the. needs of Ann..Arbor'
women, she said.
RESEARCH questionnaires were
sent out late last winter to help assess
those needs. From the circulation of the
questionnaires, the project gained
publicity and support and grew in num-
ber, she said,
She said she is not sure how the
project will be financed. The group
might sell memberships, as co-ops do,
offering discounts for members. They
will also solicit donations and hold fun-
The center will not exclude men, Ed-
wards said, but some of the areas will
be geared more toward women's in-
terests. She said they have received
advice and help from many men who
have been "very supportive."
This story was reprinted from the
Daily's summer edition.
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