Page 8-F-Thursday, September 10, 1981-The Michigan Daily
'U' struggling in effort
to raise black enrollment
Eleven years ago, the Black Action
Movement brought much of the Univer-
sity to a standstill when its members
staged a successful class strike against
the University, demanding a change in
minority enrollment policies.
In 1969, just before the BAM strike,
black enrollment at the University was
3 percent; in February 1970 BAM gave
then-president Robben Flemming a list
of demands, including one which called
for a minimal black enrollment of 10
percent by the 1973-74 academic year.
At the February Regents meeting
that year, no action was taken on that
demand or others requiring the hiring
of graduate and undergraduate full-
time minority recruiters, black faculty
recruiting, support services, increased
financial aid, an improved black
studies program, a black student cen-
ter, Chicano student recruiting, and
that students be referred to as black,
not Negro, in all University
That night a group of black students
Long or Short Haircuts
by Professionals at ...
Liberty off State ........ 668-9329
East U. at South U....... 662-0354
Arborland .............. 971-9975
Maple Village .......... 761-2733
protested the Regents' inaction by
pulling hundreds of books off the
shelves in the UGLI.
.Through BAM members interrupting
classes to discuss the minority problem
on campus, and then holding a forum on
black issues, the Movement quickly
gained support and endorsements from
faculty members and student groups.
In their March meeting, attended by
500 people, the Regents presented a
counter proposal to BAM, setting a goal
of 10 percent black enrollment by the
1973-74 academic year. Members of the
Movement were dissatisfied with the
proposal, and called a moratorium on
Support for the BAM strike spread
quickly. Early in the week several hun-
dred professors and teaching assistants
joined the strike; the Residential
College faculty and students decided to
close the College during the strike; and
the Institute for Social Research and
the School of Social Work shut down, as
By the end of the week LSA attendan-
ce. had dropped by 75hpercent; the
College of Engineering had agreed to
fund 10 percent new black admissions
for the 1971-72 academic year; the LSA,
Chemistry, and Economics buildings
had closed down; AFSCME, the union
of University non-academic employees,
had decided to support the strike; dor-
ms were not serving lunch or dinner;
and the LSA faculty had voted to fund 10
percent black enrollment by 1973 with
money from department budgets.
On April 1, after more than a week of
protests, disruptions, and negotiations
between BAM and the administration,
the Regents agreed to all of the
Movement's key demands, including
the goal of 10 percent black enrollment
by the 1973-74 academic year.
* * *
That goal has never been reached. In
fact, black enrollment at the University
has been declining and now stands at
5.1 percent in spite of University
University officials are not certain of
reasons for the decline. One suggestion
from Lance Erickson, associate direc-
tor of admissions, is that the Univer-
sity's well-known competitive at-
mosphere makes it difficult to attract a
large number of minority students.
Erickson said his office tries every
method available to recruit minority
students, but added the office is still
selective with these students.
"The University has been making a
genuine effort," said Walter Allen, an
assistant professor of Afro-American
Studies. But, he said, the effort is less
than satisfactory for anyone interested
in seeing a more balanced university,
representative of society as a whole.
Major problems in the University's
attempt to solve its low minority
enrollment problem, according to
Allen, include poor economic conditions
and, to a greater extent, the attempt to
divide recruitment and retention into
two distinct spheres, examining each
separately. "These are not isolated
problems," he said, "and they cannot
be looked at individually."
According to one University official,
however, the University's attrition rate
has declined in recent years as fewer
black students have left the University
Angles Daily Photo by PAUL ENGSTROM
This hall in the School of Art leads to infinite creative adventures for students.
before graduating. The official at-
tributed the better retention to the
creation of counseling and alternative
student services such as the Oppor-
tunity Program, created in 1964.
Many of the services provided
through the program are academically
oriented, and they include tutoring,
academic skills development, depar-
tmental referral services, and coun-
seling of undergraduates by graduates
about educational and career oppor-
Additional minority support
programs, such as the Minority Student
Services Office, grew out of BAM's ef-
forts. The office ran into problems
when, in June 1980, MSS Black
Representative Richard Garland was
discharged for "behavioral problems,"
according to Thomas Moorehead,
University Community Services direc-
Because of the budget crisis facing
the University, special review commit-
tees have been established to review
MSS and all non-academic counseling
services to determine whether the
programs may be eliminated or cut
The Coalition for the Use of Learning
Skills is another minority support ser-
vice created in response to BAM. This
program has a Counseling Office in 619
Haven Hall and a Skills Development
Office in 1021 Angell Hall. The offices
primarily serve students enrolled in
LSA, and help those who wish to
develop and improve basic academic
Trotter House is an activity center
located at 1443 Washtenaw, named for
black activist William Monroe Trotter.
It is used by different groups ranging
from th Black Student Unionsto frater- .
nities, sororities, and school and college
A report on minority recruitment, -
enrollment, retention, and graduation
at the University submitted to theM
Regents last February suggests that ef-
forts be made to expand the Univer-
sity's pre-college programs. The report
also said a strong case can be made for
better coordination of services with the
goal of providing more effective ser-
vices to minority students.
Putting the U in University!!
Daily staffwriters Nancy Billyeau, Kevin
Tottis, and Pamela Kramer, and researcher
Eitan Yanich filed reports for this story. The
story was written by Pamela Kramer.
Grad students discuss life at 'U'
-Viewpoint Lectures *Laugh Track
U want to know.more?
Call 763 -1107
2105 Michigan Union
~ -- -
Football games, dorm food, English
papers, chemistry hourlies, Drake's,
Dooley's, Charlie's-and, of course, the
cliche "Where 'ya from, what's your
major?" This is the stuff un-
dergraduate years are made of.
But there is no Dooley's or Charlie's
in the life of a graduate student. And
while an undergrad may feel free to
drop in on the party of a friend of a
friend, many grad students say that
would be taboo in their social circles.
IT'S ALL part of the transition from
keggers to dinner parties. And that's
part of a -bigger transition from un-
dergrad to grad lifestyle.
Grads tend to live among the "real"
people in Ann Arbor, in fairly quiet
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from Central Campus. Some say an
"undergraduate avoidance" tactic
exists among them.
Many grads point out that the things
which seemed important to them at age
19 years often lose their appeal by age
27 or 28.
"THE TIME YOU had at 19, you don't
have at 27," explained Martin Burke,
now working on a Ph.D. in history.
"You really can't afford to blow a
weekend off." According to Burke,
grad parties don't draw "loud and
boisterous people," and they usually
break up by about 1 a.m. when people
start to feel guilty about wasting time.
Grad students also say they tend to
drink less frequently than they did as
undergraduates. And some say they
consciously avoid places where
"sophomoric behavior is more
According to one medical student,
graduates prefer to fraternize moren
with "townies," choosing bars like
Del Rio or Old Town over places
traditionally frequented by un-
dergraduates. Law and Business School
students say Dominick's during the day
is a populai spot among them.
MOST AGREE that the social life of a
grad is not as active as that of an un-
dergrad. Most attribute* their
"isolation" to the fact that many of
them are from out of state, and don't
come here to live collectively.
Also, the very nature of their
academic work tends to isolate them
because grad programs are generally
rigorous and demand a great deal of
And by the time you're a grad
student, you've broken off most finan-
cial ties with home; economically it's a
good idea to live farther away from
campus, where rent is cheaper, accor-
ding to many students.
Some, however, say they choose to
live farther away from campus as a
"retreat from undergraduate noise"
and as a means of maintaining a "real"'
"We deliberately live away from
campus," said Ann Moyer, a Ph.D.
student in history. Moyer explained-
that student life per se is something you
grow tired of after four years as an un
dergrad. She acknowledged that some
graduate students consciously avoid
undergraduates. "I find the sorority
sister, frat rat type abhorrent," she-*
Although most grad students say they"
meet few people outside of their own'
area of study and that a social life as a
grad student here requires a genuine
effort, most agree that they are not
unhappy with their lifestyle. "You're
working on something you're going to
devote your life to," said one medical
theater gives students a
chance to participate
(Continued from Page 3)
Venetian comedy slated for the Men-
delssohn Theatre stage September 24-27
and October 1-4. It will be followed by
Athol Fugard's The Bloody Knot
(second and third weekends of Oc-
tober), and Arthur Kopit's Wings, the
two weekends after that.
THE FINAL SLATE of plays to be
711 N. University
(near State St.)
separate classes for:
children: ballet, creative movement
adultsr ballet, modern jazz
for current class schedule
staged by PTP is the seven-year-old
Guest Artist Series, which matches a
professional designer or leading player
with a student cast.
THE POWER CENTER is the biggest
and most imposing of the University's
auditoriums, and as such is rarely used
by theater groups other than PTP to
stage productions. Still, one en-
thusiastic bunch does provide an excep-
tion twice a year: MUSKET, the
stagestruck arm of the University Ac-
tivities Center, presents a major
musical extravaganza early in Novem-
ber and another in April.
If theater were a sport, there would
probably be a statistic to honor the
theater troupe with the highest percen-
tage of successes per productions
staged. In Ann Arbor, that honor would
probably go not to PTP or to Musket,
but to the no-budget Stage Company,
which operates out of the cramped Can-
terbury Loft on State Street.
CANTERBURY LOFT also houses
the productions of sundry non-resident
companies. Among them are the Drat-
man Theatre Company, which is hot for
Sam Shepard's plays; the Creative En-
semble Theater, a primarily black
showcase for undergraduate actors and
The Residential College operates
primarily out of East Quad, and has a
faculty and facility quite separate from
the Theater Department's. A few times
a year, the RC performs; their
specialties are Brecht and Beckett.
Ann Arbor Civic Theater schedules
six to ten productions a year, by and
large standards like Rodgers and
Hammerstein hits and drawing room
comedies. The company was once
rather indisposed to use student per-
formers, but has recently shown strong
signs of change.
LAST, THE LESS flashy offerings of,
the university Theatre Department.
The Showcase series provides an oppor-
tunity for less experienced directors to
display their wares in the Frieze,'
Building's Trueblood Theater with
somewhat less commercially viable
The department's bottom run is for
Studio shows,'one act plays staged in
the round in Frieze's Arena Theatre.
There are usually six to ten of these a
With the exception of the Best of
Broadway and MET shows, virtually
all the above-mentioned theater of-
ferings have auditions open to any in-
terested student. Theater Department
audition notices are posted in the 0
basement lobby in the Frieze Building;
Musket and all the rest post in their
headquarters or in their performing
spaces. Most also advertise their
audition dates in theDaily.
Now remember, speak fromthe
diaphrahm, don't be afraid to look the
director in the eyes, and try not to let
your voice quaver too much.
Break a leg.
That's where we hide the frames,
trade books, art prints and posters.
QUIET COUNTRY DINING
5 MINUTES FROM