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April 18, 1980 - Image 8

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1980-04-18

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Page 8-Friday, April 18, 1980-The Michigan Daily
.mf. '. ........ . ....'............. . . . . . ..EWM9 M MSER

to have little
effect on"

(Continued from Page 1)
Coincidentally, the Chronicle report
also said first rank universities, like
Michigan, are in a position to reduce
their admissions standards to adjust to
declining enrollments. However,
University President Harold Shapiro
said he would rather see the Univer-
sity's schools and colleges reduce their
enrollment to maintain a high-quality.
student body rather than decrease ad-
missions standards to maintain
"If we wish to maintain our standar-
ds, there will be some impact, but not a
major one," he said. "For the last five
years we've been purposely dropping
our enrollment in several un-
dergraduate and graduate programs,
including pharmacy, education, speech
and nursing."
He continued to say some of these
nrograms cut their enrollments in an

effort to improve the ratio of faculty-to-
students, thus upgrading the quality of
the program.
THE UNIVERSITY is in a relatively
fortunate position compared to most
other institutions. Some schools will
struggle for survival and may
exaggerate the quality of their
programs in attempts to bolster
sagging enrollments.
"The danger that occurs when supply
exceeds demand in education is fraud,"
explained Marvin Peterson, director of
the School of Education's Center for the
Study of Higher Education. "There are
loads of marginal institutions providing
marginal educations and reporting
promising things that they can't deliver
on, like job placement."
Most of the talk surrounding the
enrollment issue dwells on a reduction
in student quality, fraudulent reporting
by second rate institutions, and the

demise of colleges and universities that
can't compete with others, Peterson
continued. Despite these results, there
will be some positive effects from
declining enrollments, he said.
"SINCE THE Northeast and Midwest
will be hit hardest by declining
enrollments and other financial woes,
institutions in these areas will suffer
more than those in the South and
Southwest," Peterson explained. "Most
of the topinstitutions are in the Mid-
west and the East; now the marginal
schools in the South and Southwest will
have a chance to catch up with us, and
this is good."
Another positive effect of declining
enrollments, he said, will be that
programs in the arts and humanities
will become more accessible to women
and minorities. In the past, he said,
Ph.D programs in these fields were too
competitive, and now admissions stan-

dards Will begin to ease.
In addition, Peterson said declining
enrollments will force universities and
colleges to actively recruit older
students to make up for the loss of
college-aged students.
"Currently our educational system is
segregated," observed Peterson. "You
have teenagers, college-aged students
and older people all in different
educational settings."
HE SAID both young and old students
will benefit from taking classes
together. Peterson added he sees the
continued expansion of continuing
education programs for people in the
work force.
"I'm not sure the University faculty
and administration are aware of these
benefits," he said. "When you're at a
university that is essentially, in-
vulnerable from these issues, you
become isolated."



Out-of-state students scramble for

1 wan


(Continued from Page 1)
the past 365 consecutive days.
Graduate student Suzanne MacGuire,
came to Ann Arbor one and one half
years ago after completing an
undergraduate degree in Iowa. She
worked at University Hospital from the
fall of 1978 till last September after
deciding to continue her education.
MacGuire applied to the University
as a state resident, but was asked to
furnish proof that she had been in the
state for a year.
MacGuire furnished a signed lease as
proof of residency indicating that she
and her husband, a Michigan resident,
had taken possession of their
apartment September 8. She assumed
there would be no further problems.
But classes began September 7 last
year, and the University requested

5-8 p.m. "Two-fers")



three notarized statements asserting
that she had indeed been in Michigan on
September 7,1978.
OCCASIONALLY, the rules work
against a student. One woman had been
a resident' of the state since birth,
moved to another state temporarily and
accepted a job, uncertain as to whether
or not she would return.
After six months, she decided to
return to her home in Michigan., She
had left her bank accounts here intact.
and had not changed her voter or
automobile registrations.
The University declined to grant her
resident classification because she had
been out of the state for six months. The
reason, she was told, was the job she
had accepted was not of a transitory
nature, which indicated intent to
become a resident of the other state.
SOMETIMES, even if an applicant
strongly follows the letter of the
regulations, it is virtually impossible to
prove that the intent to remain in the
state is sincere.
Bill Sharp, a graduate student in the
theater department, came to the state
from Missouri. "When I came here, I
lived here. I was going to live here.
That was my intent. But proving that is
something else," he said. ,
Sharp was granted a Professional
Theater Program fellowship, which,

paid his tuition'-and a stipend in
addition. He was offered a job at the
Canterbury Loft, in his prospective
field, but was warned that he would lose
his fellowship if he accepted the
"I TOOK the job with the idea that I
was a resident of this state," he
explained, "I'm not trying to get
anybody's money - I could have had it
all paid for. But now I'm broke because
I considered myself a resident and lost
the fellowship."
Sharp is planning to form and incor-
porate a theater company in May when he
graduates. He also plans to marry a
Michigan resident who has had a long-
term continuous employment in the state.
Nearly 2,000 residency cases are
considered by the University each year,
about half of which result in
reclassifications. If a student thinks he
or she deserves residency although his
or her case has been turned down, he is
given 20 days to appeal the decision to
an appeals board. The greatest number
of times anyone has appealed a
residency decision is eight times.
"Obviously, he didn't have a very
strong case," Zimmerman said.
REQUESTING, and receiving,
residency status in Michigan has been
less difficult in the past year. Until 1972,
most major state universities accepted

This isolation factor could lull the
University into a false sense of
security, allowing administrators to
think they have an adequate number of
faculty for the coming decade.
According to School of Education
Associate Dean Carl Berger, the num-
ber of people entering the education
field is declining. He said when olde9
professors start to retire in the mid-
1980's, there could be a severe shortage
of qualified candidates for faculty ap-
The bottom line, said School of
Education Dean Joan Stark, is that the
country has more universities than it
needs, many of which may cease to
operate in the 1980s.
Tomorrow: The value of a liberal
arts education is scrutinized in ligh
of the declining job market for
liberal arts graduates.
students' voter registrations as
conclusive proof of residency.
But in the drive to register 18- to 20-
year-old students to vote in that electiote
year, laws were changed allowing out-
of-state students to register on their
campuses. Since that time, voter
registrations have no longer been
considered ample proof of residency,
and the classification process has
become increasingly difficult.
According to Jim Chapman, a
spokesman for the Secretary of State's
office in Lansing, it is quite easy to
establish residency by the state'
"You live here, you get a job, you're
going to pay your taxes hefle. That's
what we need to consider someone a
resident," Chapman said. "It takes 30
days to get a voter registration. Once
you're a voter, I1don't see how anyone
can deny that you are a resident of the
state. But for tuition purposes that's
something different," he added.
The issue that changed residency
requirements drastically was a case
called Hays v. U. of M. Regents,
decided in 1972. At that time, the
University de.termined that no one
residing in Michigan with greater than
three semester hours of credit, with the
exceptions of people who had formerly
resided in Michigan, could gain or lose
residence while a student at any
institution of learning.
The University's live-in requirements
had been six months. The court ruled
the three semester hour practice was
unconstitutional because it denied the
right of equal, protection under the law
to students. The court also ruled that
persons who paid nqn-resident tuition
from May 1972 forward had three
months to apply to the University for a
hearing concerning eligibility for
resident tuition.





POSITION OBJECTIVE: To generate a staff team capable of building active support networks
in a residence hallhousing upperclass, graduate and international students. JOB RESPONSI-
BILITIES: Providing leadership in a house of approximately 150 students. Working to strengthen
community and support networks for house residents. Designing and implementing educational,
cultural, and social programs for residents. Serving as chair on special interest committees.
Serving as a peer counselor and referral agent. Advising house government and student special
interest groups. Orienting students to Baits and the University. Organizing and coordinating
house events. Handling house administrative functions.
Staff application forms are available starting April 16, 1980 in Charlene Coady's office, 1500 SAB.
DEADLINE FOR APPLICATIONS: 4:00 P.M., April 30, 1980

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