Page 8-Sunday, April 13, 1980-The Michigan Daily
N.Y. transit strike
ends; workers to
vote on new contract
Percentage of blacks enrolled
in black colleges
From AP and UPI
NEW YORK - Buses and subways in
the nation's biggest transit system
surged back into full service yesterday
after an 11-day strike, leaving 35,000
transit workers to vote on a contract
and 3.5 million daily riders to worry
about a likely rise in the 50-cent fare.
The tentative agreement reached
Friday left none of the parties to the
negotiations completely satisfied, and
dissident members of Local 100 of the
Transport Workers Union predicted the
proposal would be rejected in mail
balloting over the next two weeks and
the city could face a strike rerun.
THE CITY said the strike cost New
York about $1.1 billion in business, and
$700,000 a day in police overtime.
Do a Tree
On the other hand, the 33,600 subway
and bus workers each lost an average
$1,400 in pay and fines. In addition, the
unions that represent them, the Tran-
sport Workers Union (TWU), and the
Amalgamated Transit Union (ATU),
were fined a total of $1 million.
In the end, the pact was what many
union members thought it would be
before the walkout began on April 1.
THE AGREEMENT with the
Metropolitan Transit Authority (MTA)
calls for a two-year pact with wages to
increase nine per cent the first year and
eight per cent the second year. The
package also provides for cost-of-living
pay increases. Transit workers on the
average are paid about $18,000 a year.
"We got nothing. We could have got-
ten the same thing the first day," coin-
plained Phil Santangelo, one of the 22
members of the union's executive
board who voted against the proposal.
Another 22 board members voted for it
and the tie was resolved when the full
board agreed to let the membership
decide the matter.
The financially strapped MTA -
already running an annual deficit of
more than $300 million - was left won-
dering how it would raise money for th
ALTHOUGH the plan contained
productivity clauses estimated to be
worth $85 million, the contract was ex-
pected to cost $207 million.
The immediate fear of most New
Yorkers was that the 50-cent transit
fare was doomed.
"I'll try like hell to save the fare,"
MTA head Richard Ravitch pledged,
but in recent months he had repeatedly
indicated a fare hike appeared
MEANWHILE, the 12-member
executive of the ATU, which represents
2,500 of the employees, voted
unanimously in favor of the agreement.
Union dissidents predicted the rank-
and-file would reject the contract, but
doubted the strike would resume. They
said their leaders would merely return
to the bargaining table.
Union officials said the $1 million
fines imposed for the first eight days of
the walkout were an important factor in
getting the limited approval of the pact.
} A hearing on whether further
penalties should be imposed was post-
poned yesterday until April 30, when
the ratification was expected to be
The strike fell one day short of the
city's longest transit strike - a 12-day
walkout in 1966.
WASHINGTON (AP) - The nation's 105
traditionally black colleges and universities,
which 20 years ago enrolled 96 per cent of all
black college students, now enroll fewer than 20
per cent, a government study shows.
But these black colleges and universities still
award nearly 40 per cent of the bachelor's
degrees won by black students, the National Cen-
ter for Education Statistics said.
THERE WERE 943,000 black undergraduates
and graduate students on American campuses in
1976 and 186,000 of them attended these 105
The blacks accounted for 88 per cent of the
total enrollment of 212,000 at the schools. Some
nine per cent, or 18,000 students, were white.
Ninety of the colleges are in the South and the
rest in border states.
The center, part of the Department of Health,
Education, and Welfare, reported the findings in
a special profile of the traditionally black in-
THE CENTER said 62 are private and 43
public. "Virtually all" were founded when
segregation was still the law of the land. It noted
that in 1953, the year before the Supreme Court's
Brown v. Board of Education decision declaring
segregation unconstitutional, "there, were only
453 blacks in the 22 public white colleges in the
The traditionally black institutions awarded
only four per cent of the 1,213 doctorates gained
by blacks in 1976 and only four per cent of the
41,000 associate or two-year degrees. But they
awarded 20 per cent of the 2,700 professional
degrees in law and medicine to blacks, 22 per
cent of the 20,000 master's degrees and 38 per
cent of the 59,000 bachelor's degrees.
Secretary of Education Shirley Hufstedler
yesterday promised black college leaders her
new Education Department will honor the com-
mitment President Carter made last year to
"enhance the strength and prosperity" of black
SOME OF the colleges have felt threatened by
HEW's effort, under a federal court order, to
eliminate what HEW calls "vestiges of
segregation" in some Southern state college
Hufstedler, in a speech prepared for delivery
to the National Association for Equal Oppor-
tunity in Higher Education, said, "There is an
important place for your schools in American
higher education, a place worthy of their proud
She said black colleges, like their majority
counterparts, must adjust to the times, including
the projected 15 per cent decline over the next
decade in the number of 18- to 21-year-olds and
"even greater competition to enroll black
Academic program cuts: No easy choices
rC. /' 1
"FPROM RA STiE8
strong and has fallen behind the rate of
"THE SITUATION has worsened
over the last few years and all the fat
has been squeezed out," he said.
"We're down to bone and muscle. We
could be talking about an eight per cent
reduction (in funds)."
Two programs within the school,
physical therapy and medical
technology, have been recommended
for reduction and termination by depar-
tment chairmen. Herrmann said the
decision to phase out is not totally up to
the Medical School. The study areas are
being examined under program discon-
BECAUSE OF likely budget cuts,
many schools and colleges are con-
sidering the focus education is taking,
and examining current trends.
Theoretical or. practical methods may
not be feasible any longer, and changes
in curriculum will result.
The School of Natural Resources, for
example, is highly oriented to field
work, according to Dean William John-
son. If cutbacks are severe, he said,
position freezes may result or outreach
activities, such as field work, may be
"If reductions are necessary we-
might reconsider the basic thrust of the
school," he said. But changing the
highly-applied problem-solving direc-
tion of the school "would be the last
thing we'd want to do."
SOCIETY'S FUTURE needs were a
major consideration of the School of
Pharmacy when deciding to change its
curriculum. Dean Ara Paul said the
school is introducing a new professional
degree program to satisfy the changing
role of pharmacists. -
Because the new program will have a
lower enrollment, it provides more ef-
fective use of resources, he said.
Presently the five-year pharmacy
bachelor of science degree is being
phased out and replaced by a doctoral
program. The new curriculum requires
two years of pre-pharmacy study and
four years at a higher level.
Paul said it is imperative that the
University ensure quality courses and
maintain diversity in offerings.
"WE CAN'T be all things to all
people, but you can't eliminate (whole)
programs without placing the Univer-
sity in jeopardy," he said.
As a partial result of enrollment
trends, the College of Nursing is
changing its curriculum to place more
emphasis on the graduate level. Nur-
sing Dean Mary Lohr predicts in-
creased demand for nursing services
due to increased demand for more cost-
effective health care.
"We are hopeful this'demand will at-
tract necessary funds to support nur-
sing schools' undergraduate and
graduate programs," she said..
VARIABLES AFFECTING college
enrollment include tuition rates, the
number of non-traditional students, and
the share of college-aged students, ac-
cording to LSA Dean Billy Frye.
But Frye said he sees faculty salaries
as the most serious budgetary problem.
The academic profession, he said, has
been called a "declining industry"
because salaries are not keeping up
with inflation,;a problem not unique to
just this university.
"We have a choice to make - keep
salaries down and keep staffs the same'
size, or try to maintain teaching and
research with smaller staff and use
dollars to make a better salary
program," said Frye, who recently was
named vice president for academic af-
Faculty must not, however, lose sight
of the importance of other budgetary
problems facing the University, such as
support staff, operating budget, and
equipment, Frye said.
"FACULTY CAN'T ignore other
financial problems. They must be
balanced from year to year and are
equally vital to education," Frye ex-
If the salaries do not keep up with the
rate of inflation, faculty conceivably
may have to look elsewhere for em-
ployment. Vacant positions may not be
filled and universities with more
monies may hire faculty away from
STAFF REDUCTION is especially
difficult for departments the size of the
Anthropology Dept, which has a staff of
less than 40 members.
In larger programs, a fair amount of
redundancy in course offerings occurs
and cutbacks would not cause
significant damage, according to An-
thropology Department Chairman Roy
"In a department this size, if you lose
a person, it's likely the program will
suffer in a number of ways, par-
ticularly in comprehensiveness of of-
ferings," he explained.
Rappaport said faculty here are in
demand across the nation. "We have
extraordinarily productive people. We
won't be able to replace them in
quality, or maybe not at all," he said.
PROFESSIONAL schools do not have
the adaptability or flexibility of some
0og-handling teams meet
in obedience cham pionship-
(Continued from Page 1) classification to participate.
signal exercises, retrieving, jumping Dogs are entered three levels of
and scent discrimination testing. tranig - novice, open and utility.
Bibergall estimated that 80 per cent Only a small percentage of dogs started
of the people at the event train and in training every reach the elite utility
show dogs "just for fun," but the "other class.
twenty per cent work, live and breathe With only a hand signal or a short
this stuff." command from its handler, dogs per-
Competition can be keen as in any form obedience trial exercises as set
sport, he added. forth in AKC regulations. Owners are
Some of the people at this weekend's not allowed to talk to their dogs during
Someof t e p opleat t ise en s com petition.
obedience championships havebeen "ANY DOG is trainable," said
training dogs to compete in shows "N O stanbe"si
across dg co mpete in sow MacLean. The most popular breeds for
acosthe county for as long as 36 adsoigaegle
years. Bibergall'himself rises at 5:30 training and showing are golden
each morning to work with his five- retrievers, Shetland sheepdogs,
year-old Doberman, Mindemoya's Tin doberman pinschers and poodles, she
Lizzy. He said he spends from an hour said, and serious trainers often have
to an hour and a half seven days a week dogs specially bred for show purposes.
working to prime his dog for com- But Ortzeg said, "My dog is an or-
petition. phan. I've 'taken in three orphans."
"YOU'VE GOT TO be some kind of People should be aware that "a dog
nut and you've got to have the special isn't a piece of furniture," a dog "has to
dog that can put it all together," have something to do with its time,"
Bibergall explained. she added.
Obedience trials are governed by Dog showing can be both demanding
American Kennel Club (AKC) and expensive, competitors said.
regulations and are limited to pure- The total expense of raising com-
bred dogs that are at least six months petition dogs amounts to at least 135 per
old and qualified by training week per dog, an entrant estimated.
other program,s according to Robert
Doerr, associate dean of the School of
Dentistry. He explained that the
adequacy of student/faculty ratio is
important to the quality of education.
"One faculty member can only
adequately teach a certain number of
students without affecting the quality of
instruction and care provided," he said.
Pressure for state resources has
created a highly competitive market-
place, Doerr said, calling for a fun-
damental decision by Michigan
legislators and the governor.
"They have to decide whether to
maintain the top quality of the Univer-
sity of Michigan," he said. "Education
is an indispensable source and we can't
afford to tamper with it."
The School of Music and The 18th Century Semester
i "The End of t/he 18th Ce tub
in Vienna 's Music HIis iy "
Dr. Otto Biba
Geseilschaft der Musikfreunde, Vienna
Monday, April 14-4:00 p.m.
Cady Room, Stearns Building (N. Campus)
KC DUMPS DETROIT, 8-6:
Royal rally trips
Tigers in 8th
Royals rip Bengal hurlers
KANSAS CITY (AP) - Dave Chalk
hit a sacrifice fly and Willie Wilson
smacked an RBI triple off Pat Under-
wood in the eighth inning yesterday to
give the Kansas City Royals an 8-6 vic-
tory over the Detroit Tigers.
The Tigers fell behind 6-2 after three
innings but pulled within 6-5 in the fifth
on 'a two-run double by Richie Hebner
and an RBI single by Jason Thompson.
Detroit then tied it in the sixth when
Rich Peters tripled hom Champ Sum-
The Royals scored four in the second
with the help of an error by shortstop
Mark Wagner. With runners at first and
third, Frank White tripled to left-
center, then -scored when Wagner's
relay throw sailed into the Detroit
George Brett followed with the first of
his three singles and scored when Hal
McRae doubled to right.
Marty Pattin, who relieved Rich Gale
with one out in the fourth inning, was
Brewers 18, Red Sox 1
MILWAUKEE (AP) - Cecil Cooper
and Don Money hit bases-loaded
homers and Robin Yount added a
bases-empty shot - all in the nine-run
Milwaukee second inning that powered
the Brewers to an 18-point rout of the
Boston Red Sox yesterday.
The homers by Cooper and Money
marked only the third time in major
league history a team has hit two grand
slams in one inning.
ab r h
Wilson cf.............. 5 1 3
FWhite 2b ............. 5 2 1
Brett 3b............... 4 1 , 3
McRae dh ............. 4 0 2
Aikensib.............. 3 0 0
LaCook if .............. 4 0 0
Quilck ............... 3 1 2
Wathanc.............. 1 1 1
Hurdlerf..............3 1 1
Chalk ph .............. 0 0 0
Detherg rf ............. 0 0 0
UWshgtss ............. 4 1 2
Total................36 8 5
ab r h bi
Kemp if ..1...........
Thmpsn lb ..........
THE HASH BASH
Nine years ago on April 1st, the first annual Hash Bash was held. In its
early years, the event represented an opportunity for University students to
get together and relax while passing a pot-filled pot. It also served as a
political forum allowing proponents of pot legalization, as well as other acti-
vists, to speak out. Since this time, however, the Hash Bash has become
more and more a "play-day" for high school students (and other assorted
"characters") with the University students hardly even involved. But despite
this lack of student involvement, Hash Bash undeniably remains a true Mich-
igan tradition and so does the Doily.
Another Michigan tradition you can enjoy
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7 Total.................. 37
6 10 6
Detroit .................................................................. 002 031 000 - 6
Kansas City ............................................................. 141 000 02X - 8
E-Wagner, UWashington, Pattin. DP-Detroit 2, Kansas City 1. LOB-Detroit 9, Kansas City 6.
2B-McRae 2, Wilson, Hudle, UWashington, Thompson, Hebner. 3B-FWhite, Peters, Wathan.
SB-Wilson, Brett, Quirk, Whitaker, Peters. SF-Chalk.
IP H R ER BB SO
Students right now are earning
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