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Ninety Years of Editorial Freedom
Vol XC, No. 154 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Sunday, April 13, 1980 Ten Cents Eight Pages plus Supplement
How can the 'U' maintain quality in hard times?
By BETH ROSENBERG a smaller non-academic staff as well as scaled- although the University has proposed guidelines board reductions because they "don't take a lot
Last In a four-part series down equipment purchases. for discontinuance of academic programs. of thinking.
Program elimination, decreasing enrollment, Acting Vice-President for Academic Affairs Assessment of programs, according to Univer- Sweeping cuts, he said, lead to mediocrity. "It
- a general decline in the quality of education Alfred Sussman said the University must be sity guidelines, includes quality of faculty, value penalizes the best programs (which) suffer
are often mentioned by members of the Univer- imaginative toward change while maintaining and character of the program, and performance disproportionately," Herrmann said. w T
sity community as likely results of proposed fiscal solidity. of students. Costs, overall mission 'of the VERTICAL REDUCTIONS, after examining
state and federal budget cuts. "We have a responsibility to be prudent about program, and whether it is offered elsewhere in the programs in-depth, are preferred, but those
"An erosion toward mediocrity" is what some the budget and responsible to people of the the state are other considerations. cuts are more difficult to make, he said.Be
are calling the effects of the University's propor- state," he said. ONE OF many academic units struggling to "Few programs in the University are soB*
tionally decreasing level of state support caused ALTERATIONS IN porm and courses, adjust is the Medical School which is trying to isolated that they can be looked at and pulledFa ngentms
by the state's worsening financial condition. Sussman said, are determined by individual revamp its budget-planning system to cope with out," Herrmann explained. "Most are multi-
FUNDING CUTS can cause faculty positions schools and colleges and then transferred into proposed cutbacks, according to Dr. Thomas dimensional and hard to cut.
vacated by retirements or resignations to action at the departmental level. Each depar- Herrmann, associate dean of the school. Over the last five years, Herrmann said, core
remain unfilled. Smaller budgets can also mean tment must plan how it will cut programs, He said the school is trying to avoid across-the- funding to the Medical School has not been
See ACADEMIC, Page 8
delegates affirm boycott
k ed in
From The Associated Press
Liberian President William Tolbert,
e of America's best friends in Africa,
s shot to death and his government
toppled yesterday in a military coup,
according to reports from the country.
Radio Monrovia and Western
diplomats said Tolbert, president of the
Organization of African Unity, and a
bodyguard were slain during an early
morning raid on the presidential man-
sion in the capital of Monrovia, Tolbert
THE WEST African nation's new
*der, identified as Samuel Doe, a
Liberian soldier, said in a radio broad-
cast that he had overthrown Tolbert's,
government because of its "rampant
corruption and continuous failure" to
cope with the nation's problems.
Doe reportedly carried out the coup
with the help of juniorofficers and the
backing of army generals. Liberian
diplomats- based in Western Europe
calledl Doe a "complete unknown." Lit-
e was known about his new gover-
ent's political leanings.
In Washington, the State Department
said all 5,100 Americans in Liberia were
believed safe and that the United States
would continue normal diplomatic
relations with Liberia once the new
government established itself.
Some athletes question authority
From AP and UPI
COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo.-Bowing to pressure from
President Carter, the U.S. Olympic Committee's House of
Delegates voted yesterday to boycott the 1980 Summer
Olympic Games in Moscow because of the Soviet military in-
tervention in Afghanistan.
The delegates voted by a 2-1 margin to keep U.S. athletes
at home unless Carter advises the USOC on or before May 20
that the international situation has changed and the United
States could send a team.
THE VOTE WAS 1,604 in favor of the resolution and 797
against, with two abstentions.
In Washington, White House press secretary Jody Powell
said Carter welcomes "the strong vote."
But, in his written statement, Powell said, "The President
has Authorized me to say that this advice (to boycott the
Games) will not change by May 20 or at any time thereafter.
For all practical purposes, therefore, the House of Delegates
vote mans the United States will not send a team to Moscow."
IF THE UNITED States did wish to send a team, it would
have to accept the invitation from the Moscow Olympic
Organizing Committee before May 24..
When Carter originally called for the boycott on Jan. 20 he
gave the Soviets one month to get their troops out of
Afghanistan. After that deadline passed, he said he could not
envision the United States sending a team to Moscow even if
the Soviets were to pull out before the deadline for accepting
The administration had stepped up its pro-boycott cam-
paign over the past week. On Thursday, Carter threatened
legal action if necessary to prevent American athletes from
participating in Moscow. And some financial supporters of
the USOC said they would not give money they had pledged if
the committee did not support the boycott.
LEGAL ACTION' ALSO has been threatened by some
American athletes, who contend neither the USOC nor the
administration has the right to prevent them from com-
peting. 'It was uncertain what effect the athletes' action
might have on the boycott decision.
The resolution approved by the House of Delegates read in
part: "Since the president advised the USOC that in light of
international events the national security of the country is
threatened, the USOC has decided not to send a team.
"If the president advises the USOC on or before May 20
that international events have become compatible with the
See U.S., Page 3
Daily Photo by PETER SERLING
Pow wow honors
Native American culture
Native Americans, dressed in traditional costumes, performed dances and
chants as a part of the third annual Ann Arbor Pow Wow held at Huron
High School. See story, Page 3.
western allies warn Iran
they will follow U.S. lead
By SUE INGLIS
"My dog is so 'socialized" I
could walk into a cocktail party
and he would get along with
everybody," said Mary Lou Or-
tzeg. The Chicagoan and her dog
are one of more than 150 teams
competing in the Gaines 1980
Central Regional Dog Obedience
Championship in Ann Arbor this
The event has drawn owner and
dogs from as far away as Min-
nesota and Florida. Emily
MacLean, co-chairwoman of the
competition, said the annual
show, which took two years to
produce, is being held for the
first time in Michigan.
ACCORDING TO Jerry
Bibergall, an engineer from
Glendale Heights, Illinois, who is
showing his Doberman Pinscher
in the Novice Division, "You're
really seeing the cream of the
Only top-scoring American and
Canadian dog-handling teams
are eligible to compete in the
obedience trial at the University
Track and Tennis Building
yesterday and today.
More than thirty-four different
breeds of dogs are entered in the
competition which includes
See DOG, Page 8
From AP and UPI
America's Western allies and Japan
reportedly warned Iran yesterday they
" ill follow American policy on Iran"
ess the 50 hostages in Tehran are
released within a certain time period.
President Carter said he has fixed a
"specific date" by which time he ex-
pects the Europeans to take fresh ac-
tion against Iran if the hostage crisis is
CARTER SAID in an interview with
television correspondents from Britain,
France, West Germany and Italy that
"ve don't have much time left" in
ich to consider new moves against
Iran, including the possible use of force.
He did not mention the date he had
given the European allies.
Carter said he is asking the allies to
impose sanctions and "join us in strong
diplomatic moves" against Iran if the
hostages are not released. The United
States cut off exports to Iran and broke
diplomatic relations last week.
Meanwhile, in another effort to
punish Tehran, the administration an-
nounced yesterday a new visa policy
that could force tens of thousands of
Iranians to leave the United States over
the next several months.
IRANIANS IN America will no longer
receive extensions of temporary visas,
nor will they be allowed to become
permanent residents, except for "com-
pelling humanitarian reasons," said
David Crosland, acting commissioner
of the Immigration and Naturalization
West Germany, France and Japan
ordered their ambassadors in Tehran to
'We will not shirk our
return home for consultations. A West
German government spokesper3on said
the other ambassadors also were retur-
ning to their capitals for consultations.
The others were from Belgium,
Luxembourg, Italy, the Netherlands,
Britain, Ireland, and Denmark.
FOREIGN MINISTER Hans-Dietrich
/Genscher told a gathering in
Duesseldorf that West Germany con-
siders the American hostages "our
close friends . . . Therefore we will act
as friends and partners. As soon as the
German ambassador and his
colleagues have reported their talks
with the Iranian president, we will
come to a decision whether and which
steps are necessary. We will not shirk
Japanese Prime Minister Masayoshi
Ohira, in his strongest public statement
yet in support of the U.S. position in the
crisis said good relations with the
United States were more important
than oil from Iran - which provides 10
per cent of Japan's oil needs.
Daily rnhoto by r I ETE RLI
A PROUD DOG owner shows off her pet's talent at this year's Dog Obedi-
ence Championship held at the University Track and Tennis Building.
of murder, her innocent sister must also face the con-
The World's Worst Film Festival is scheduled to play
April 15-20 at the Beacon Theatre on Manhattan's upper
west side. The films, which are specially selected for the
festival, "must include horrible directing, scriptwriting,
acting, and sets. It has to be badly conceived and
executed," explained Lauren Drewery, one of the event's
promoters. Any hint of competency, even if accidental,
eliminates the film from consideration, she added. One of
the highlights of the cineastes' extravaganza is undoub-
cludes vending machines, tables, and chairs. To get there
from the Diag entrance, turn right down the hall past the
stairs. The former student lounge on the third floor has sin-
ce been renovated into quiet study spaces for smokers. O
A $44 check, a state income tax refund, apparently
wasn't even worth stealing. A Lincoln, Neb., man had
renorted his check stolen. On Friday. he got his check back,
the administration's economic policies. But the President
added, that the world's economic problems "are the fault of
no particular person. I don't think it's constructive in a time
of economic challenge or difficulty or crisis to try to throw
rocks at one another and to find some scapegoat on whom to
blame this extremely complicated circumstance." And
then, he continued, "I would like to get the credit for the
greatness of our nation as well."
On the inside