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April 11, 1980 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1980-04-11

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See editorial page


Sir i au


See Today for details

Ninety Years of Editorial Freedom

Vol. XC, No. 152

Ann Arbor, Michigan-Friday, April 11, 1980

Ten Cents

Fourteen Pages

Weak state economy

means less money for 'U'

Second in a four-part series
wince January, when Gov. William Milliken
revealed his budget for the 1981 fiscal year, the
state's economic picture has turned from bad to
worse. In turn, the impact of the state's slumping
financial condition on the University is expected
to be substantial.
State funding of the University cannot keep up
with rising inflation, forcing the student fee hikes
to pick up some of the slack in revenues.
Although the University is currently hinting at a
17 per cent tuition increase for the next academic

year, adminsitrators and faculty members
realize those additional funds cannot pull the
entire budget.
LOWER FACULTY and staff salary increases,
layoffs and phase-outs of personnel, equipment
and supply freezes, and selective and across-the-
board reductions in programs and enrollments
will be part of the belt-tightening forced by a
reduction in state funds.
Within the next two weeks, Milliken will
submit a new budget to the legislature, which
proposes cutting state expenditures by $200
million, according to State Budget Director
Gerald Miller. The University will probably

suffer more than proportionately, as its
appropriation will likely shrink from the
proposed $14 million increase in state funds to
possibly one-half that amount, Miller said in an
interview Monday.
"The state of Michigan economy is very weak
this stage," Miller said. "That translates into a
weak financial situation for higher education."
MILLER SAID the recession in 1974-75 was as
bad for the state as the current situation, with
the only difference being a lower level of
unemployment now. In 1974, unemployment
stood at 15 per cent in Michigan. Currently, the

state's unemployment level is11 per cent.
The big difference this year is the likely
withdrawal of more than $100 million in federal
revenue sharing funds, Miller said.
Of January's $4.9 billion general fund budget
recommendation, $1.8 billion is allocated to
education. The second largest chunk of state
budget expenditures is for social services. Miller
said part of the state's loss of flexibility in
budgeting is due to increases in the social
services caseload.
"THE GROSS IN caseloads is worse than
we've ever seen it," Miller said. "We can't
See 'U', Page 6

The 'U'
Facing lean times

Breakstone, Hobbs
new MSA leaders

Marc Breakstone and Virna Hobbs,
this year's People's Action
Coalition/Black Student Union
(PAC/BSU) candidates, have been
elected Michigan Student Assembly
president and vice-president in an elec-
tion that saw the highest student voter
turnout since 1973.
Breakstone, an LSA junior, and'Hob-
bs, and LSA sophomore, defeated their
nearest challengers, Jerry Kowalski
and Tim Lee of the Student Alliance for
Better Representation (SABRE) by
1,361 votes to 1,254.
Student voters also approved by a
two-to-one margin an MSA fee increase
raising mandatory charges from $2.92
per term to $4.25 per term over the next
three years. The 2,808 "yes" to 1,410
"no" vote on Proposal A will provide
valuable bargaining power for the
Assembly when the Regents consider
the increase next week, current MSA

officers say.
the voter turnout at 5,400 - a mark sur-
passed only by a record 1973 turnout.
Of the election, Breakstone said, "It
was a good race. . . there was no
The president-elect listed three fac-
tors that he said helped him and Hobbs
gain election:
" "People are finding that there is
very little difference between a PAC
candidate or SABRE candidate and an
independent candidate," thus
dispelling many "myths" about the
party system in MSA;
* "I think (the votersYsaw in me a
kind of change in the priorities of
student government;" and,
" "I think people want an action-
oriented person and that person is me."
THE BONDING of the People's Ac-
tion Coalition and the Black Student
Union was also an important factor in

the campaign, Breakstone said. "The
reason we've joined together is black
students have traditionally not been
well represented in student gover-
nment," he said.
Breakstone added he thinks BSU can
have a major role in increasing black
student involvement in MSA.
As for MSA's future, Breakstone said,
"I'd like to see us organizing students to
take some kind of action in the housing
crisis in Ann Arbor."
He said possible actions could include
See VOTERS, Page 8

Daily Photo by CYRENA CHANG

MICHIGAN STUDENT ASSEMBLY President-elect Marc Breakstone (left) gets a congratulatory handshake from
fellow People's Action Coaliton member Andrew Massick after learning the results of this year's MSA election.

From AP and UPI
Jumping into Iran's worsening feud
ith Iraq, the U.S. Embassy militants
cused the Baghdad regime yesterday
of being Washington's "puppet' and
said an attack by Iraq on Iran would put
the lives of the 50 American hostages in
"grave danger."
THE HOSTAGES will'be "destroyed"
if Iraq invades Iran, a militant iden-
tified only as "Habib" told NBC-TV in
an interview.
Iran and Iraq are engaged in a fresh
round of border hostility and each has
*cused the other of acting on behalf of
U.S. "imperialists."
The Iranian military said yesterday
the border region had been quiet since
artillery and small-arms skirmishing in
Iran's Kermanshah province Wed-
nesday, but it ordered Iranian naval
units to leave the port of Abadan and
cruise the northern Persian Gulf to

'counter any aggression" by the
THE MILITANTS threatened on
Wednesday to kill the hostages if the
United States attempted any "military
intervention" against Iran.
"Habib" said in the interview that
"by military intervention we mean if
the American government directly in-
tervenes in Iran or if its puppets in the
region, like Egypt, Iraq and Israel, in-
tervene in Iran."
Iranian officials also announced
plans to counter President Carter's
diplomatic and economic boycott, war-
ning that any nation joining the United
States would be cut off from supplies of
Iranian oil.
But the officials, who included Iran's
oil minister and a key aide to Ayatollah
Ruhollah Khomeini, also belittled the
impact of the measures Carter announ-
ced Monday, saying America's Western

dead if Iraq attacks

allies were too greedy for oil and
divided by rivalries to join the boycott.
EUROPEAN leaders meeting in Por-
tugal unanimously demanded the
release of the American hostages but
deferred any decision on backing U.S.
calls for sanctions against 'Tehran. A
spokesman for the militants in the U.S.
Embassy said if Iraq went to war with
Iran, it would be "only on orders from
America" and they would regard it as
tantamount to American military in-

Reacting to Carter's boycott announ-
cement, the militants warned on Wed-
nesday that they would kill the hostages
they seized 159 days ago if the United
States resorts to force.
"This is an alert for America. An at-
tack by Iraq, which would act only on
orders from America, would leave the
hostages in grave danger," a
spokesman for the militants said in an
interview on NBC's Today program.

"IRAQ. IS America's puppet," the
spokesman said. "The American
people must stand before President
Carter and not allow him to attack Iran
or we will be forced to destroy the
A nationwide demonstration was
planned for Friday and officials called
on all Iranians to turn out as an "army
of 20 million" and march in support of
Khomeini's confrontation with both
Iraq and the United States.

... would use legal means

Prof gets inside look a tIran

U.S. allies demand
release of 50 hostages

From AP and UPI
Western European nations told their
Tehran ambassadors yesterday to
"demand" that Iran release the 50 U.S.
Embassy hostages. The toughly-
worded declaration by the nine
Common Market nations stopped short
joining in U.S. sanctons against Iran,
ut it hinted that some action may be
taken later.
President Carter criticized the
nations, allies of the U.S., for seeking
U.S. leadership and protection, then
begging off when asked to help out in a
crisis. He told an audience of the
American Society of Newspaper
Editors that some nations "are wary of
the obligations of alliance."

CARTER ON Monday broke
diplomatic relations with Iran and
imposed an almost total U.S. economic
embargo against it. He also said "other
actions" might become necessary to
win the hostages' freedom, and U.S.
officials were reported considering a
naval blockade or mining of Iranian
The United States asked NATO
countries, Japan, and other U.S. allies
to join in sanctions against Iran,
including reductions in trade and
diplomatic ties. The Iranians
threatened to cut off oil exports to any
nation that cooperates with the United
States-a cutoff that experts say could
seriously affect Japan, at least.

He says climate
in Iran relaxed
For most Americans, the crisis in
Iran can only be observed from the per-
spective of the mass media. But for
some, whose curiosity or political
beliefs require a more thorough look, a
first-hand view is essential. As a result,
a steady stream of Western visitors -
many of them educators - is repor-
tedly flowing in and out of Iran every
Michael Zweig, a 37-year-old
professor of economics at the State
University of New York at Stoney
Brook, is one such spectator who chose
to visit Iran. For eight days in January,
he and two associates visited the
Islamic country. He came to the
University campus yesterday and told
local residents what he learned.
"I WANTED to go and have a look
around," Zweig said yesterday after his
See PROF, Page 6

Carter says
he'll force
From AP and UPI
WASHINGTON - President Car-
ter said yesterday he is prepared to
take legal action if necessary to
prevent American athletes from
participating in the Moscow Olym-
pics this summer.
In a speech prepared for the
American Society of Newspaper
Editors convention in Washington,
the president made it clear he does
not consider the United States bound
by a decision of the U.S. Olympic
Committee, which meets this
weekend to consider Carter's call for
a boycott of the Summer Games.
CARTER HAS demanded that
Americans boycott the Moscow
Games to protest the Soviet invasion
of Afghanistan.
U.S. Olympic Committee
spokesman Dennis Keegan said the
committee would have no comment
on Carter's statement until
tomorrow, when a vote is scheduled
by the committee's House of
Delegates, which is meeting in
Colorado Springs, Colo., to consider
the boycott question.
See CARTER, Page 2

Daily Photo by CYRENA CHANG
MICHAEL ZWEIG, 37-year-old economics professor at the State University
of New York at Stoney Brook, offers his perspective on the Iranian situation
from an eight-day January tour of Tehran.



on, at the trial, the jury refused to believe Deering's story,
finding him guilty of theft and false accounting; and gave
him a sentence of nine months in jail. The court also
required Deering to pay back the money, which poses yet
another problem for him-he doesn't know if the money
was buried or cremated. Q
Drunken defense
Phillip Lager of Corpus Christi, Texas, attempted a
unique defense argument in his recent trial for drunken
Ariving. While ncort wa s dinrned for lunch Lager went

English eggheads
While everyone seems to be having problems figuring out
how to conserve energy these days, three English school
children have come up with a plan that could save the
British government $6.6 million worth of electricity and gas
per year. Jason Lacy, 12, and Richard Goulding, and Ian
South, both 13, discovered a new way of boiling eggs that
conserves energy. Here's how it's done: Place an egg in
water that has- already been boiling, turn off the heat, and
let the egg stand for six minutes. The result is a four minute

was survived by 8 children, 54 grandchildren, 140 great-
grandchildren and 99 great-grandchildren. She probably
changed more than a few diapers in her day. 0
On the inside
A student spending his junior year in Freiburg, Germany,
writes on the edit page of his experiences.. . sports carries
coverage of the Tiger opener. . . and a feature on the late
poet and 'U' English Prof. Robert Hayden appears on the






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