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March 21, 1980 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1980-03-21

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Page 2-Friday, Marth 21, 1980-The Michigan Daily

-El groco's

WELCOMES YOU! -n

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U.S. judge explains
Puerto Rican turmoil

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By, DAVID MEYER
The U.S. government will not act to
change the commonwealth status of
Puerto Rico until the citizens there
present a popularly-decided plan for
self-determination, a federal judge said
in Rackham Amphitheater last night.
U.S. District Court Judge Jose Car-
branes, speaking to a largely Puerto
Rican audience on "The Processaof
Decolonization in Puerto Rico," said
the U.S.-Puerto Rico relationship is one
in which the U.S. "will not act, it will
only react."
PUERTO RICO has been under the
political dominance of the U.S. since
the Spanish-American War in 1898.
Cabranes said the island is currently
divided by three political forces seeking
either statehood, independence, or a
reformed version of its current com-
monwealth status. He added that there
is almost "universal dissatisfaction"
with Puerto Rico's present political
status.
If the island's status is to be changed,
there must be a clear mandate from the
people, Carbanes indicated. He said
that the question might be decided
through a plebiscite monitored by the
United Nations. Such a ballot, he said,

would allow all those supporting in-
dependence, statehood, or revised
}commonwealth status to unify behind
rejection of present status.
Carbanes' proposal met with luke-
warm approval from his listeners,
some of whom accused the United
States' agencies stationed in Puerto
Rico, such as the CIA, the FBI and the
military, of being "repressive" and
subversive to self determination.
CARBRANES also said he expects
the past decades of political turmoil to
come to an end within the next few
years. "I think that this decade will
determine the destiny of Puerto Rico."
All of the Republican presidential
candidates have spoken in favor of
Puerto Rican statehood. The
Democratic candidates have promised
to respect Puerto Rican self-
determination, but Carbranes noted
that the two partisan positions are by no
means opposed to each other. "It (the
Democratic position) is the same in the
sense that they (the Democrats), too,
have expressed readiness to support
statehood."
The current governor of Puerto Rico
has promised to conduct a plebiscite to
determine Puerto Rico's political
future if he is re-elected.

Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
K.C. firefighters sentenced to
20-day prison terms
KANSAS CITY-Sixty-two firefighters, linked by union loyalty and the
handcuffs on their wrists, yesterday were led to the city's prison farm to
serve 20-day sentences for violating an anti-strike court order.
Meanwhile, Missouri Governor Joseph Teasdale scheduled a series of
private meetings with city leaders, fire and police chiefs, and union leaders
in an attempt to resolve the crisis.
Across town, police said two other striking firefighters had been
arrested for suspicion of setting three grass fires. Police.officials said that
the two men could be charged with arson.
As 0
Women firefighter wins
sex discrimination suit
IOWA CITY-Firefighter Linda Eaton, who gained national attention
in her battle to breast feed her infant son in a fire department, won her case
before the Iowa Civil Rights Commission and was awarded $2000 in a sex
discrimination suit yesterday.
The commission unanimously ruled that Iowa City offiicals
discriminated against Mrs. Eaton, who was suspended in January 1979 by
fire officials for her actions.
Bottle bill cuts container

- Iranian parliamentary vote
impedes hostages' release

(Continued from Page 1)
General Kurt Waldheim, apparently
concerned over increasing public anger
among some U.S politicians, told repor-
ters that any American attempt to end
the crisis by military force would
"create an explosion" in tfie entire
Middle East.
Republican Sen. Richard Lugar of
Indiana, in a statement Wednesday en-
dorsed by Senate Republican Leader
Howard Baker, called on the Carter
administration to prepare for a naval
blockade of Iran and for mining of its
ports.
In addition to provoking political ten-
sions throughout the Middle East,
Bean angel.. .
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Waldheim said, use of force by the
United States would jeopardize the
lives of the 50 Americans who have
been held hostage since militants seized
the U.S. Embassy in Tehran last Nov.
4. Waldheim said he was quite confident
the hostages would be released through
"patience and perseverance."
Revolutionary leader Khomeini has
said the new 270-seat Parliament or
Majlis, must decide whether and when
to release the hostages. Iranian of-
ficials have predicted this decision
could not be made before mid-May.
Daily Official Bulletin
FRIDAY, MARCH 21,1980
Daily Calendar:
Guild House: John Forsythe, "Cuba Today," 802
Monroe, noon.
Urban & Regional Planning Program: Robert
Beauregard, "Radical Planning, Theory and Prac-
tice," 2216-19 Art & Arch., 1 p.m.
Center for AfroAmerican Studies: Harold
Shar)piro,. "Prospects for Continued Recruitment
and Retention of Blacks and other Minorities at the
U-M in the 1980's," Schorling, seb, 2dp.m.
History/Center for Western European Studies:
Anna Davin, "The Construction of the Working
Class Family in Late 19th Century Britain," 126 Res.
College, 4p.m.
Physics-Astronomy: M. Geller, Harvard-U.,
"Correlation of the X-Ray Background with the
Cosmic Light," 807 Dennison, 4 p.m.
Kelsey Museum: Richard . Ellis, "The Textiles
and Weaving of the Ancient Near East," Aud. D.
Angell, 8p.m.

litter, says study.
LANSING-A new legislative study released yesterday confirms
Michigan's bottle deposit law has dramatically reduced beer and soft drink
litter; but has not significantly affected overall litter along roads and
highways.
According to the study, beverage container litter has been cut by 90 per
cent, broken bottle fragments were reduced 70 per cent, and bottle caps and
beverage containers and cartons were down 70 per cent.
I The study said that litter was not significantly affected largely because
beverage containers constitute only a small portion of the overall rubbish
volume.
Soviets deny chemicals
caused disease outbreak
WASHINGTON-The Soviet Union has informed the United States an
outbreak of disease in the city of Sverdlovsk last spring came from anthrax
caused by poor food handling and not the spread of biological warfare
germs, U.S. officials said yesterday.
The officials said the Soviets proved a "plausible" private explanation
of the incident despite a public denunciation of the U.S. suggestion that
biological warfare germs might have infected the city.
TMI leaks contaminated water

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and radiation into atmosphere
MIDDLETOWN, Pa.-Technicians at the Three Mile Island nuclear
power plant scrambled yesterday to locate a suspected leak of contaminated
water from the cooling system of the disabled number two reactor that
caused a small release of radiation into the atmosphere.
The leak occurred early yesterday morning after an alarm sounded at 1
a.m. in the unit No. 2 auxiliary building, said a spokesman from the NRC.
"The leak is very minor and represents no hazard to the off-site population,"
he said.
Vance meets with Congress 4
Secretary of State Cyrus Vance said yesterday the United States voted
for a U.N. resolution condemning Israeli settlements because Prime
Minister Begin's policy on the matter "jeopardized the peace process."
In Cairo yesterday, President Anwar Sadat said he hopes his meeting
with President Carter next month will avert the threat of "stalemate and
stagnation" facing the Middle East crisis.
Speaking before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Vance said
that Carter disavowed the American vote because the measure contained
references to Jerusalem that conflicted with the Camp David accords and
called for a dismantling of the current settlements. He also repeated that he -
misunderstood Carter's directions on what passages in the resolution had to '
be eliminated before the United States voted for it.
White House Press Secretary Jody Powell said yesterday the separate
meetings-Carter plans to have in April with Begin and Sadat would "review
the progress and pace of autonomy negotiations for the West Bank and
Gaza."
State axes mandatory driver

BOARD FOR
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
ELECTIONS
(Held with MSA Elections)
ONE STUDENT MEMBERSHIP OPEN
" MUST BE ENROLLED
UNDERGRADUATE STUDENT
" TERM, TWO YEARS
PETITIONS AT
MICHIGAN STUDENT ASSEMBLY OFFICE
3RD FLOOR MICHIGAN UNION
DEADLINE TO FILE: MARCH 25, 1980

education programs
LANSING-The State Legislature yesterday passed a bill eliminating
the requirement that school districts provide driver education courses. The
bill also allows 16 and 17 year olds to take the driver's license examination
without passing the training course. In addition, the bill increases from $30
to $45 the state per pupil contribution toward local driver education pro-
grams.

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(USPS 344-900)
Volume XC, No. 134
Friday, March 21, 1980

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HOWARD WITT
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R.J. SMITH
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