BO BLEW IT
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Ninety Years of Editorial Freedom
ol XC, No. 130
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Sunday, March 16, 1980
-Ford say no to presidn~a bids
From UPI and AP
Gerald Ford, in what he called the "toughest
ecision of my life," announced yesterday he
ill not run for president this year.
His problem was more Ronald Reagan than
ALTHOUGH FORD lost the White House to
Carter in 1976, he is sure he could defeat the
Democratic incumbent this time around.
But could he overcome Reagan's lead in the
race for the Republican presidential
nomination? His political friends say the spirit
was ready. They questioned the arithmetic.
A Ford associate, who asked not to be iden-
tified, said they "looked at all the facts and
figures and decided that the mathematics just
aren't there, that it would be an uphill fight, and
it would take almost a miracle" for Ford to over-
THE COLD numerical problem, he said, is that
by waiting this late Ford has missed the filing
deadlines for primaries in more than 20 states
which will send more than 800 of the 1,994
delegates to the GOP national convention in
July. Reagan already has a healthy and growing
Reagan, said yesterday he is relieved but not
surprised at Ford's decision not to run for
president this year.?
Asked if Ford's decision means he has the
Republican nomination locked up, Reagan said,
"It's too early in the race for that. Never say
FORD PLEDGED to support the 1980
Republican standard bearer, whoever it is,
"with all the energy I have."
George Bush, whose campaign is loaded with
former Ford aides, seemed a lot happier.
"Politically, he cleared the air, I know it
wasn't an easy decision," said Bush, whose
troubled campaign had been expected to be a
major casualty if Ford had entered the race.
Candidate John Anderson, who Ford has said
is too liberal for the GOP, declared in Cham-
paign, Ill. "I am, of course, pleased that former
President Ford will not enter the race ...
"If he had entered, it might have proved a
complicating factor in my own campaign and
you can't blame me for being pleased," Ander-
pledges not to run
Inflation controls to curb
ZARGOSSA VARGA, Ph.D. candidate in American culture and Vietnam
veteran, speaks" about the effects of racism and classism on military
policies toward recruitment and composition at a teach-in workshop.
Peace topic of
From UPI and AP
Americans will feel the effects of
President Carter's new inflation control
program shortly in the form of less con-
sumer credit and higher gasoline
prices, the government's top
economists said Saturday.
The federal controls on credit cards
and other consumer borrowing will
remain in force "as long as necessary
and as short as possible," Federal
Reserve Board Chairman Paul Volcker
"THE THRUST of this thing is to put
resttaint on consumer credit," Volcker
said at a news conference. "There is no
way we can deal with the problems of
inflation and the problems of overly
rapid expansion of credit than by
placing restraint on people who in-
dividually would like more credit."
"A certain amount of pain is
inevitable in this process," Volcker
said, noting that Americans owed $68
billion on all kinds of credit cards at the
end of 1979, plus $116 billion on personal
loans. More than 60 million people have
s credit cards and the average credit
s card holder has eight.
Particularly hard hit on the credit
d side could be young people, who
0 traditionally have relied heavily on
- borrowing as they leave home and
- strike out on their own, banking experts
AND VOLCKER suggested that other
consumers will, in the near future, see
credit card companies calling back
some cards, refusing to issue new ones,
speeding up repayment schedules, and
tightening the terms of their lending
K. .n Hurley, director of financial
forecasting at Chase Econometrics in
New York, pointed out that most credit-
tightening measures will 'have the ef-
fect of "reducing outstanding credit
balances and bringing people back on a
That is just what the Carter ad-
ministration would like to see.
CREDIT-TIGHTENING fights in-
flation because as Americans borrow
less, they spend less. Then business
slows down, the Qverall economy cools
and there is less pressure on prices.
In addition to finding credit tighter,
motorists will start paying 10 cents
more for a gallon of gasoline in May as
the effects of the new $4.62 fee on each
barrell of imported oil reaches the
Proposed 75% federal revenue
gasoline pumps, Charles Schultze,
chairman of the president's Council of
Economic Advisers, said.
Schultze-said the effects of the ad-
ministration's plan to balance the 1981
federal budget, by trimming $13 billion
to $14 billions in spending, will take
longer to reach the public as program
cuts gradually take effect.
SOME OF these cuts have been an-
nounced, including $1.7 billion in
See CARTER'S, Page 2
sharing cut to hit local, budgets
A series of campus workshops on
war-related issues highlighted the third
day of the weekend teach-in on peace
and politics in the decade.
Vietnam veterans Bob Chenoweth,
Jirh Dries, and Pat McDougall talked
about the special problems faced by
Vietnam veterans. Adjusting to civilian
life is difficult for many veterans, they
The feelings of Americans toward the
Vietnam War created many problems
for veterans, stressed McDougall, who
is on the board of directors of the
Michigan Association of Concerned
"During Vietnam the attitude of the
country changed, so that a veteran
became a very unpopular thing to be,"
McDougall said. "Many Vietnam
veterans would not even admit that
they had been in Vietnam."
DRIES, OF THE Committee of Viet-
nam Era Veterans, said the U.S.
government's desire to continue its
involvement in foreign conflictE
explains its failure to admit that it wa,
wrong in Vietnam.
A discussion of U:S. policy in the thin
world by four' professors drew 10(
people yesterday in another teach-in of
fering. The speakers outlined U.S. In
tervention in several countries.
History Prof. Norman Owen,
Philippines specialist, said.that th4
present situation in the Philippine
resembles that found in Iran before thf
revolution.' "I. won't predict
revolution, but the conditions look likf
Iran of a few years ago," he said.
THE PEOPLE of Chile also suffe
from strict rule, according to Residen
tial College Prof. Elliana Moya-Raggio
"Chile has one of the most repressiv
governments that Latin America ha;
ever seen," she said.
The image of Chile as a "successfu
consumer society" conveyed by the
mass media accounts for only a smal
percentage of the Chilean population
See TEACH-IN, Page 7
WASHINGTON (AP) - Many towns
and cities will be forced to fire workers:
or raise already high property taxes to
cope with President Carter's proposed
$1.7 billion cut in federal revenue
sharing, local officials say.
And some human services financed
by this money may have to be shifted to
beleaguered local budgets if they are to
survive intact, these officials warn.
"MANY OF our cities will be faced
with serious disruptions of their
budgets," said John Gunther, executive
director of the U.S. Conference of
Carter proposed on Friday to slash 75
See related story, Page 2
per cent of the states' $2.3 billion
revenue sharing portion. This will help
create the largest federal budget sur-
plus in more than 30 years - a move
designed to cool double-digit inflation.
HOWEVER, that is little comfort to
localities that have grown increasingly
dependent on revenue sharing since it
was begun in 1972.
Carter chose not to touch the $4.6
billion in revenue sharing money that
would go directly to localities.
However, many states pass through all
or part of their portion to counties,
cities and toWns or provide services to
Since 1972, municipalities have used
revenue sharing primarily for police
and fire services, public works, tran-
sportation and recreation. States use
much of their portion for education and
SHAPIRO'S FORMAL CEREMONY SLA TED FOR APRIL 14TH:
'U' inaugurates presidents too
Terrorists raid Bush,
Armed Puerto Rican terrorists yester-
day staged simultaneous raids on two
presidential campaign headquarters in
Chicago and New York, binding and
gagging workers and spray-painting
"Free Puerto Rico" on the walls.
The raids took place on the eve of
today's Puerto Rican Democratic
IN CHICAGO, two men and a
woman-one of them a former Carter-
Mondale campaign volunteer-stormed
Carter campaign headquarters, bound
and gagged seven hostages, ransacked
the office and then fled.
In a similar hit-and-run attack, four
men burst into George Bush's New
York headquarters, tied up ten workers
and demanded voter lists with
No one was injured in either attack,
but a Carter spokesman said damage
was "extensive" in Chicago.
VICE PRESIDENT Walter Mondale,
campaigning in Chicago, was told of the
incident at the downtown headquarters
and replied, "I'm glad everyone's
Bush, told about the New York
takeover while campaigning in
Chicago, said, "Obviously, we are
outraged by this. But I'm going to say
See NATIONALIST, Page 3
By JULIE ENGEBRECHT
It may not quite match the scale of the quadren-
nial Washington affair, but the University will
have its own version of a presidential inauguration
next month when Harold Shapiro is officially in-
stalled as the University's 10th chief ad-
"When he officially took over on January 1, it
was probably a nice, dull, gray day and nobody
really noticed," said University Organist and
Music Prof. Marilyn Mason, who heads the com-
mittee planning the April 14 inauguration. "We're
following the great tradition of making a public
presentation of the new president," she added.
Attached to the activities is a cost of "around
$25,000 or $28,000," according to administrator
Jim Shortt, who is responsible for handling
See related story, Page 10
THE INAUGURATION of a new president
probably ranks as one of the most important
ceremonial times at the University, according to
those planning the festivities.
According to Jonathan Knight of the American
Association of University Professors in
Washington D.C., universities are simply expec-
ted to inaugurate their presidents. "It's just a
ceremony - a gesture for a new administrator,"
But for a simple gesture it seems to some like a
lot of money to spend. Knight explained that the
more "status" a university has, the more im-
pressive a show they are expected to put on.
"There are those who think that it ought to be
the grandest occasion going and others who would
rather have a small ceremony," said Shortt. "It's
automatically assumed that there will be an
inauguration, but it is important. It's an occasion
to recognize the new president - it's the Shapiros'
SHAPIRO IS "looking forward" to his
inauguration, but said he really doesn't look at it
as though it's his day. "It's for the University," he
The 44-year-old chief executive said he believes
the value of ceremony is often underrated at the
University. "I think we've lost something in that
respect," he said.
Shortt said an inauguration is an opportunity to
get a perspective on how outsiders view the
University. "Considering the type of person going
to attend, it's a chance to show off the University,"
BUT ADMINISTRATORS are also quick to point
out that the inauguration is not just a public
relations activity. "The activity is really a formal
one," said university Coordinator for Visitor
Relations Vivian Green. "It's not really a state
relations/PR opportunity, it's giving them a chan-
ce to see Mr. Shapiro." She did say, however,
there might be a long-run benefit for the Univer-
According to Shortt, the financing for the
inauguration will probably come from a special
fund, to be used at the administration's discretion
for such expenses. He said commencements and
special convocations, such as the honors con-
vocation, are budgeted in a similar fashion.
See SHAPIRO, Page 10
THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
REQUEST THE HONOR OF YOUR PRESENCE
AT THE INAUGURATION OF
HAROLD TAFLER SHAPIRO
AS THE TENTH PRESIDENT OF
MONDAY, THE FOURTEENTH OF APRIL
NINETEEN HUNDRED EIGHTY
AT TEN THIRTY IN THE MORNING
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN
The Favor of a Reply
is Requested by
INVITATIONS TO University President Harold
Shapiro's inauguration were sent to delegates
of colleges and universities across the country
and over 2,000 others early this year. The inaugu-
ration will take place April 14. but the celebra-
tion will occur over a number of months.
It was great while it lasted
Anyone walking past Betsy Barbour hall Friday night
noticed this uniquely constructed sign of school spirit. By
yesterday, however, the 'M' was melted down to its stumps.
The snow sculpture was constructed by Barbour residents
Janet Olszewski, Jackie Paul, Lisa Pruitt, Anne Scott, and
Maria Mediavilla. As Janet put it, "We built it when we
should have been studying." One of the sculptors admitted
to being enrolled in Snow Sculpture 101, but the true
explanation that finally came out is that the majestic
Too hot to handle
Rather than risk another fine, Drew Terry of Norfolk, Va.
agreed to build a new fence around the backyard hot tub
that was the site of a nude party. "I love to sit in my tub and
look up at the stars and moon," said Terry, whose love for
the great outdoors was undaunted by the conviction. "It's
really very therapeutic and relaxing." He said during the
recent blizzard that buried Norfolk in 14 inches of snow, "I
was out there in the hot tub. It was just great." Terry and
his coed group of hot tub enthusiasts initially were
On the inside
Arts checks on the Ann Arbor Film Festival and reviews
the Marshall Tucker Band . . . A look at corporal
punishment in the schools, on the edit page... Sports has
results of the NCAA tournament quarterfinals.
On the outside
DL.* D.-,f- L-L~_.,a Ln-