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February 12, 1980 - Image 1

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1980-02-12

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Ninety Years of Elirorial Fredodmi
@ol. XC, No. 109 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Tuesday, Februry 12, 1980 Twelve Pages

Conscientious objectors

try to avoid war legally

By GREGG WOLPER
President Carter's recently-announced
port of mandatory draft registration has
rred interest among draft-age citizens in
conscientious objection. By law, anyone who
can persuade the government that he or she
opposes all wars need not fight in one.
The Selective Service defines a conscientious
objector (CO) as one who is "opposed to war in
any form." Those classified as COs cannot be
drafted into the military. Instead, they must
perform some type of community service if
their draft number is called.
THE PUBLIC Interest Research Group In

Michigan (PIRGIM) is currently attempting to
educate students about conscientious
objection Besides offering handbills and
pamphlets, PIRGIM hands out cards for
students to fill out and return. PIRGIM then
files the cards as an indication of the student's
anti-war belief, and sends copies to the Central
Committee for Conscientious Objectors in
Philadelphia for it to file as well.
"We've given out about 500 cards," said
Dave DeVarti, a local PIRGIM worker. In
addition, PIRGIM attempts to educate the
public in meetings such as one held January 31
by the East Quad-based Committee Against the
War Drive.

One cannot get official recognition as a CO
until the Selective Service reinstitutes draft
classification, a system that categorizes
potential draftees according to their suitability,
for combat. The Service has not yet set a date
for classification.
IF AND WHEN classification begins, the CO
would apply for classification as 1-0 if he or she
opposes any participation in the military, or 1-
A-0, if he or she is willing to serve in a non-
combat role.
When applying, COs must send a statement
to the local draft board answering six questions
on topics such as how they acquired the beliefs
they are basing their claims on, how their

beliefs affects their lives, and which incidents
in their lives show they believe as they say they
do. In addition, applicants can include letters
from people who can attest to the sincerity of
their beliefs.
If the draft board rejects this application, the
applicant can appeal the decision in a personal
appearance before the board. The board must
explain, in writing, its reasons for rejecting
any application.
AN APPLICANT may also make his or her'
initial claim personally before the local board.
Whether on first or second request, every

applicant is entitled to one personal
appearance before the board.
DeVarti's brother successfully chose the
mail route. "He just sent in the application and
received his deferment in the mail," DeVarti
said. "He had a friend whose father was a
judge, and our father knew the mayor of Ann
Arbor. He got effective reference letters and
had no problem."
"But he was lucky," DeVarti continued. "A
lot of people don't have this option. Their
parents and friends aren't community notables
who can write effective references. And they
See CONSCIENTIOUS, Page 7

Hostages may
coming days'

be freed

'in

Bani-Sadr

From AP and UPI
Iranian President Abolhassan Bani-
Sadr said yesterday the 50-American
hostages in their 100th day of captivity
might be freed "perhaps even in the
coming days," but the State
Department quickly rejected his
condition that the United States admit
its guilt for past policies.
In an interview published in the Paris
newspaper Le Monde, Bani-Sadr said
his plan included provisions to relesae
the hostages to the U.S. government if it
acknowledges "crimes" the U.S. has
allegedly committed in Iran over the
past 25 years.
Bani-Sadr also said the United States
would have to extradite the shah and
turn his fortune over to the Iranian
people, and, also pledge it would no
longer. "interfere"' in Iran's internal
affairs.
IN WASHINGTON, the State
Department immediately rejected the
part of Bani-Sadr's plan that the U.S.
admit its guilt for policies toward Iran
under the ousted shah.
"I am ruling out the United States
declaring its guilt to any crimes,
specified or unspecified," State
Department spokesman Hodding
Carter said.
"We have also said that we would be

willing and anxious to discuss the
differences between us," Carter said,
adding that the safe relesae of the
hostages "remains the prime objective
of our policy."
BANI-SADR said his plan was sent
to Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini for
approval and he expected an answer
within two days from the ailing 79-year-
old religious leader.
In Tehran, Khomeini marked the first
anniversary of his Islamic revolution
by vowing to continue to battle against
"the ruthless devourer," the United
States. He made no mention of the
hostages.
Khomeini referred to America as a
"criminal" in a speech yesterday, but
said it might be possible to establish
"ordinary relations" with the U.S. in
the future.
LE MONDE SAID Bani-Sadr made
the discloslure during an interview late
Saturday night in Tehran with
correspondent Eric Rouleau. The
Iranian president, a French-educated
economist, has in the past used
interviews with Rouleau to signal shifts
in his position.
According to the newspaper:
" Bani-Sadr also said he had made a
separate proposal that the Americans

would be removed in the next few days
from the guard of the Islamic militants
to a third party. He said that, too, would
have to be approved by the council and
Khomeini.
" Gave an indication how he might
attempt to press a compromise solution
on the embassy militants. "We would
never resort to violence against young
patriots. In the case of a divurgence of
views, I would eventually o to the U.S.

Embassy to convince them to fall in live
with my view."
" Said he favored a compromise
solution involving both some form of
"tribunal" to investigate U.S. actions in
Iran and U.N. Secretary-General Kurt
Waldheim's proposal for an
international commission to investigate
the shah's rule.
See HOSTAGES, Page 9

' black enrollment
con-tinutes to fall; total
minority level steady.

. Daily Photo by JIM KRUZ
He was there
Everyone has suffered through a dead lecture sometime, but things are
getting a bit extreme in the struggle for seniority.

A TTORNE Y GENERAL DEFENDS FBI PROBE:
No more Abscam targets-Cviletti

By SARA ANSPACH
Black enrollment on the Ann Arbor
camapus as measured in fall, 1979
declined for the third consecutive year,
according to the annual report to the
Regents on minority enrollment which
was released yesterday. Overall
minority enrollment stayed about the
same.
Ann Arbor black enrollment declined
from 6.7 per cent in fall, 1978 to 6.1 per
cent in fall, 1979. This year's figure is
the lowest since the annual report was
first compiled in 1972. Although total
minority enrollment on all three
campuses (Ann Arbor, Dearborn and
Flint) remained constant at 10.5 per
cent, Ann Arbor campus minority
enrollment decreased from 10.4 per
cent to 10.3 per cent.
THE REPORT indicated that
minority attrition rates may be
improving. Of the black students who
entered as freshpersons in 1975, 50.6 per

cent had not received degrees and did
not enroll for the fall, 1979 term.
Native American and Hispanic attrition
rates were 70- and 53.2 per cent
respectively whileAsian American and
white rates were 31.3 and 29 per cent
respectively.
For freshpersons who entered a year
later, in 1976, the figures look somewhat
brighter. Students who entered in 1976
(and will graduate this spring) have
attrition rates of 37 per cent for blacks,
40 percent for Native Americans, 33.3
per cent for Hispanics, 21.4 per cent for
Asian Americans and 25.6 per cent for
whites.
Since it is expected that some of the
students who entered in 1976 will still
withdraw, these attrition rates are
likely to be higher when computed after
the class has graduated. But since
fewer students drop out in their junior
See BLACK, Page 5

WASHINGTON (AP) - Attorney
General Benjamin Civiletti said
yesterday he believes the FBI's under-
@cover bribery investigation will go no
further in Congress than the eight
members already implicated.
Civiletti also defended the FBI again-
st suggestions of entrapment in its in-
vestigative methods, which involved
use of agents posing as representatives
of Arab investors.
"CRIMES, WERE not created by the
FBI at all," Civiletti said, while con-
ceding that some judge might decide a
third party or informant might have
engaged in entrapment.

In another development, Justice
Department lawyers will ask 100 to 200
department employees if they are
willing to take lie detector tests as part
of an expanded probe of how the Ab-
scam investigation was leaked to the
news media, sources said yesterday.
Justice Department sources, who
asked not to be named, also said that
Civiletti is contemplating bringing a
well-known outsider, Chicago attorney
Justin Stanley, into the leak in-
vestigation.
"OTHER THAN the unfortunate,
regrettable, and inexcusable leaks that
have endangered innocent persons by

identifying them specifically, there are
no other senators or congressmen to
my knowledge in any way related to the
Abscam investigation," Civiletti said at
a National Press Club luncheon.
Abscam is the FBI code name for the
16-month operation that resulted in
allegations that about 20 public officials

and 10 businesspersons took part in
bribery attempts by undercover agents
in exchange for promises of political
favors or other services.
So far, members of Congress im-
plicated in' the operation are Sen.
Harrison Williams Jr. eD-N.J.), and
See CIVILETTI, Page 2

Cafeteria tray thefts go dowcn-trayers don 't
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Three Mile Island leak
floods adjoining building

From AP and UPI
HARRISBURG, Pa. - A leak in the
*ystem keeping the crippled Three Mile
Island nuclear reactor in cold shutdown
dumped 950 gallons of radioactive
water into an adjoining building
yesterday, but officials said there was
no apparent threat to the public.
The leak, at the rate of about nine
gallons a minute, was stopped about
one hour and 45 minutes after it was
discovered, said David Milne,

spokesman for the state Environmental
Resources Department.
GARY SAN BORN, a spokesman for
the federal Nuclear Regulatory Com-
mission (NRC), said the leak in the
reactor No. 2 system posed no threat to
the public, but that workers in the
auxiliary building where it occurred
,were evacuated and air around the
plant was being monitored.
JOhn Collins, the senior NRC official
See THREE, Page 2

By ARLYN AFREMOW
On icy cold nights Nichols Arboretum
traditionally resounds with the screams
of trayers careening down the snow-
covered hills.
But due to the lack of snow this winter
- and to the dismay of snow lovers and
relief of cafeteria personnel - the Arb
has had an unusual respite from the
squeals and shouts of enthusiastic
trayers.
"TRAYING" is the oft-enjoyed
recreation of sledding down hills on
residence hall cafeteria trays.
"I've only gone once this year," com-
plained LSA sophomore Jeff Ivey. "I'
showed a freshman the joys of traying.
I'm pretty bummed that there hasn't
been enough snow to go more often."
Ann Arbor has had only 13.6 inches of
snow so far this year, according to

"Dennis Kahlbaum, weather observer
for the University's meteorology depar-
tment. Kahlbaum added that Ann Ar-
bor usually has had 23 inches of snow at
this point in the season.
BOB SNIDER, a meteorologist for
the National Weather Service, said this
year storms have been further south
than what is considered normal. Snider
said this has resulted in "Southern
states having more snow than usual and
northern states having less."
But despite student disappointment,
some people on campus are very happy
about the lack of snow and the decline
in traying. University food supervisors
and managers in the residence halls
say the problem of missing trays has
not been as severe this year,

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See LOW, Page 5

.. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .

..........

registration plan, suggested other alternatives such as
"beefing up the reserves." The congressman opposed
registration last year when the issue appeared before
Congress. Last month, he sent out a press release in which
he noted, "I believe the volunteer Army is providing
sufficient manpower for active duty units and to meet
present contingencies. I do not believe a resumption of the
draft is necessary." Pursell added that although he has not
yet seen President Carter's proposal - which includes the
registration of women - he has supported the ERA in the
past, which he says would make a decision on the
registration of wnmen a difficult one. Q

up with a roster of office employees. The White House did
disclose that Rosalynn Carter has 21 aides and that Edith
Dobelle's salary as staff director is $56,000, but refused to
release other salaries. Thg.'GOP magazine said Mary Hoyt
Finch, press secretary, is paid $47,487, Madeline MacBean,
the first lady's personal assistant, $45,175, and Gretchen
Poston, social secretary, $45,175. E
Sticky situation
Coming back to work on Monday morning may not rank
as one of humanity's greater pleasures, but sometimes
even the most eager workaholics are thwarted in their

i t

Wisconsin. A shipment of supposedly sterilized seeds,
destined for mixture into birdfeed, started to sprout into
marijuana plants. Now it's up to the -officials to decide
whether to sterlize the seeds by dry roasting, destroy them,
or deport them. The seeds are prized by pigeon fanciers and
parrot owners because their high oil content puts a sheen on
the bird's feathers. But what about that funny glazed look in
the bird's beady little eyes? O
On the inside
The co-owner of radio station WIQB discusses the recent
format change. on the editorial page ... a review of

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