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Ninety Years of Editorial Freedom
Vol. XC, No. 83 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Saturday, January 12, 1980 Free Issue Eight Pages
From AP and UP[
PUL-I-CHARKHI, Afghanistan -
Mote than 800 Afghans, some grieving
hysterically over the government's
refusal to release relatives held as
political prisoners, stormed a prison
pd tore down the doors to two
f llblocks yesterday. One Afghan
soldier and one civilian were killed in
About 12 inmates were freed before
Soviet and Afghan troops quelled the
disturbance at the walled compound.
about 15 miles east of the capital city of
IT WAS NOT clear if Soviet or Afghan.
troops fired what sounded like short
bursts of automatic weapons to end the
A crowd of about 3,000 Afghans had
gathered outside the prison to receive
relatives they thought were being
released. President Babrak Karmal,
who took power Dec. 27 in a Soviet-
backed coup, had issued several an-
nouncements declaring that all persons
arrested for political offenses during
the previous regime of Hafizullah Amin
would be freed by today.
But trouble began when four buses
rrying only about 125 prisoners left
he prison compound.
As Soviet and Afghan troops looked
on, between 800 and 1,000 Afghan,
civilians and even a few soldiers rushed
up to the barred windows of a cellblock
and tried to foce them open.d The
rioter,; using only their own hands,
finally broke down the door to two
IT WAS NOT clear how many
prisoners actually made it through the
ill-guarded main gate of the prison,
ough about a dozen appeared to
The disturbance ended with a burst of
gunfire and when two Russian armored
vehicles were rushed to the main gate
of the prison, joining one already there.
At that point, Soviet and Afghan troops
pointed guns at the crowd and ordered
them to squat.
Later, an Afghan officer stood over
By TOM MIRGA
University officials have reported
that a tentative agreement has been
reached with the Department of Health,
Education, and Welfare Office for Civil
Rights (OCR) in Chicago in a sex
discrimination suit filed against the
University for its support of the Tribe of
Michigamua-a 75-year-old all-male
secret society for University seniors,
University Attorney William Lem-
mer, Assistant Vice President for
Student Services Thomas Easthope,
and Affirmative Action Program
Associate Barbara Murphy met with
OCR officials on Dec. 18 to propose the
creation of a new co-ed recognition
group under the working name of the
OCR REPRESENTATIVES said the
plan is under review and also said they
will meet with the student drafters of
the proposal in Ann Arbor in a matter
"Both sides agree a conclusion is
coming soon, perhaps within the next
month," said OCR Postsecondary
Education Division Director Mary
She added that OCR representatives
would visit Ann Arbor to hold
discussions with members of'
Michigamua and prospective members
of the new, group in order to assess the
current status of Michigamua on cam-
THE FEDERAL agency found the
University guilty of sex discrimination
against women last Sept. 20 by
providing assistance ?to the all-male
society. Specifically, OCR objected to
official University recognition of
Michigamua as a student organization
and Michigamua's on-going occupancy
of a seventh-floor tower room in the
The University was given 90 days to
present a plan of action and OCR
threatened it would initiate enfor-
cement proceedings in Washington,
D.C. after that time limit. A decision
against the University in such a hearing
could have meant termination of
federal financial assistance for an in-
EASTHOPE, HOWEVER, said that
course of action appears unlikely. "I
think they agreed with our proposal,"
he said, "and I assume they forwarded
the information .to their Washington of-
Easthope also said the University
was placed in the unique position of
being held responsible for "something
it has always claimed it has never been
responsible for." Michigamua has con-
vened in its top floor Union meeting
room since 1932, when the room's lease
was donated to the group by University
See MICHIGAMUA, Page 2
Jols aehts 5-year low
AFTER THE release of 125 prisoners yesterday, rioting Afghans stormed
the main gate at Pul-I-Charkhi prison. The attempt was halted by Russian
and Afghan soldiers. A soldier and a civilian died in the conflict.
'POLITICAL CLIMA TE' CITED:
Soviets. halt A2Concerts
By AMY SALTZMAN
Due to the recent cooling, of U.S.-
Soviet relations, two Russian perfor-
ming groups have cancelled upcoming
U.S. tours, including performances at
Both the Glinka Chorus of Leningrad,
scheduled to perform on Jan; 29, and
the Krasnayarsk Dancers,-a Siberian
folk ance company scheduled for a
Feb. 29 performance, have cancelled
their U.S. appearances.
GAIL RECTOR, president of the
University Musical Society (UMS),
said he was given no official ex-
planation for the cancellations. "We
can assume, however, that the recent
political climate is to blame," he said.
A statement released by the Soviet
Minictr of C .tltn to Cnh bin Artists
the tour's sponsor, confirms that recent
political considerations led to the can-
cellation. The statement read: "We in-
form you that taking into consideration
the official announcement of the
American side on January 4 about can-
cellation of Soviet-American ties, in-
cluding cultural exchanges, the
ministry is unable to give today any
reply concerning mentioned tours."
The Soviet statement refers to
President Carter's announcement last
week that any cultural and economic
exchanges with the Russians currently
under consideration will be deferred.
KEVIN HASSLER, a spokesman for
Columbia Artists, said the Glinka
Chorus tour was cancelled by Columbia
Artists "because we didn't have
assutrances from them (the Snviets)
that they would be coming." However,
he said the Krasnayarsk Dancer's tour
was cancelled by the Soviets..
In the past year other Soviet-based
events scheduled to appear here have
met with a similar fate. The Moscow
WASHINGTON (AP) - The unexpec-
ted strength of the economy in 1979
helped hold the unemployment rate to
an average 5.8 per cent for the year, the
lowest level since 1974, the government
Despite a growing number of layoffs
in the auto industry, December's.%
unemployment rate of 5.9 per cent was
up just slightly from November's 5.8
per cent and within the range of 5.7 per
cent to 5.9 per cent that has prevailed
since August 1978, the Labor Depar-
tment report showed.
Blacks and other minorities bore the
brunt of unemployment increases in'
December. Joblessness among
minorities rose from 10.9 per cent in
November to 11.3 per cent last month.
The unemployment rate for whites
remained unchanged at 5.1 per cent.
THE JOBLESS rate had averaged six
per cent in 1978 and seven per cent in
1977. It was 5.6 per cent in 1974 before
the recession pushed unemployment to
8.5,per cent, the decade-high, in 1975.
"It's a puzzling situation," said Lyle
Gramley of the president's Council of
"The economy remained much
stronger last year than anybody an-,
ticipated," he said. "It showed sur-
prising resiliency against the shocks
that it suffered."
LAST MONTH'S jobless rate was also
identical with the December 1978 rate,
which meant that as the U.S. workforce
expanded over the year the number of
persons finding jobs rose at the same
; One shock was the doubling of crude
oil prices charged by Organization of
Petroleum Exporting Countries
(OPEC), Gramley said. Another was
See UNEMPLOYMENT, Page 2
'JTYe can a (ssLLnfl"
recent political climate is to
-UMS President Gail Rector
Symphony Orchestra cancelled its U.S
tour last fall, including an Oct. 13
engagement at Hill. It was speculated
that defections by Soviet artists led to
the cancellation, A Soviet art exhibit,
scheduled to appear in Ann Arbor last
btnr c lnn~ ~nln
See AFGHIANS, Page 2 U .UUL LJ UUII 'iLL, ' ''* '
Se F HA Snae msry oI uuure to i-um a ArtISLS, F~~ "U'I 11L111 1:a Cbj re ruary, also was cancelled.
Iran threatens war should U.S. impose blockade
From AP and UPI
TEHRAN, Iran - Iran and the United States will
-go to war if Washington tries to block Iranian ship-
ping routes, a top Iranian official said yesterday.
In Washington, Secretary of State Cyrus Vance
refused to rule out the possibility of a U.S. naval
blockade to support an international economic em-
bargo - a Washington-inspired move aimed at for-
cing Iran to surrender 50 American hostages, held for
a 69th day.
THE LOGICAL focus for such a blockade would
Se the Hormuz Strait at the mouth of the Persian
Gulf, the narrow waterway through which is funneled
most of the Middle East oil bound for the world's in-
"If the American fleet blocks the mouth of the Per-
sian Gulf," Iranian Commerce Minister Reza Sadr
flatly told the official Pars news agency yesterday,
"that will result in war."
Also, the United States' two-month-old diplomatic
drive for United Nations action to free the 50
American hostages in Tehran headed for failure
yesterday, with the Soviet Union expected to veto a.
Security Council resolution for economic sanctions
THE VETO WOULD be Moscow's second this week
in a growing Cold War atmosphere. On Monday, the
Soviet Union stopped the council with a firm "nyet"
from adopting a non-aligned resolution calling for the
immediate and unconditional withdrawal of their
forces from Afghanistan.
The United States officially submitted a resolution
for a comprehensive embargo on exports to Iran af-
ter extensive private discussions with the council
Anti-government violence continued yesterday in
Iran's turbulent Azerbaijan and Kurdistan regions,
where dissidents are seeking greater autonomy from
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini's revolutionary
AT THE occupied U.S. Embassy in Tehran,' an
America-v Indian activist visited with the Iranian
militants occupying the complex and then led the
crowds outside in chants of "Down with Carter !" and
"Return Indian Land to the Indian People !"
The Indian - John Thomas, a 35-year-old South
Dakotan - did not see the hostages, a militant
spokesman said. Thomas is a member of the
American Indian Movement and is here as a delegate
to a conference of international ."liberation"
The Pars agency said that for the second day in a
row a delegation of embassy militants met with
Khomeini at his headquarters city of Qom, 100 miles
south of here. The subject of the talks was not
divulged, but the meetings have stirred speculation
that some development may be near in the embassy
A SOVIET VETO foredoomed American efforts to
have the U.N. Security Council order economic san-
tions against Iran.
See IRANIAN, Page 2
Auto- layoffs boost,
DETROIT (UPI) - Massive layoffs crease in the number of persons
in the auto industry pushed Michigan's plying for benefits at MESC of
unemployment rate up .6 per cent from around the state and particularly it
7.9 per cent in November to 8.5 per cent Detroit area.
in December, the Michigan Em- "The number of claimants serve
ployment Security Commission MESC offices jumped 123 percent f
(MESC) reported yesterday. December 1978 to December 1979
MESC Director S. Martin Taylor said new claims for new benefits reache
unemployment increased by 24,000 in all-time record of 89,000 for the we
December to 369,000 while total' em- Dec. 22," Taylor said.
ployment fell from 4,024,000 in Novem-
ber to 3,970,000in December. CURRENTLY, HE said, un
TAYLOR SAID "substantial in- ployment benefit payments by
definite and temporary layoffs in the MESC are averaging $4.4 million
auto industry" were to blame for the day.
increase in joblessness. The MESC has hired about 600
The weakened job market created a employees and opened 10 new payr
drop of 30,000 in the number of job offices to handle the crush of
seekers as the labor force fell to plications, Taylor said. Because
4,339,000 in December, he said., trend is expected to continue, the M
Nationwide, the unemployment rate plans to open six more offices -a
for December was 5.9 per cent. (See the Detroit area - by the en
story, above.) January.
MICHIGAN'S unemployment rate in All Detroit area offices, and t
December 1978 was 6.7 per cent, with outstate offices in high unemployr
289,000 unemployed. areas, will remain open for extei
Taylor said the higher unemployment hours as long as the claims
rate is consistent with a dramatic in- requires, Taylor said.
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Both stores have been sending out cavalry battalions to
scour north campus every week in search of baskets
bearing their brands, rescuing about 40-50 of the victims on
each mission. The outlaws are a step ahead, however: some
have been chaining their booty to fences and trees to avoid
recapture. Neither Kroger nor A & P have any plans to
build corrals to protect their precious livestock because
that might deter business. So, more than a million Michigan
shoppers will have to pay the price for the barabarism of a
few villains who have little concern for Pride or Price.
TT LfJ L / 17 C
unclear whether this story's characters will live happily
'Baring' the cold
Jimmy Carter's attempts to run an inexpensive cam-
paign have left a group of go-go dancers in the
cold-literally. The topless-bottomless dancers and a Car-
ter re-election campaign committee in Washington are
Turkey. By renting in the less than chic neighborhood, the
Carter people are making a real savings in cold, hard cash.
On the inside
The editorial page has an assessment of U.S.-Soviet
relations 30 years after the Cold War . . . The Rose is
reviewed on the Arts page ... a summary of the hockey
game against Colorado College is on the sports page.