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January 29, 1980 - Image 5

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1980-01-29

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The Michigan Daily-Tuesday, January 29, 1980-Page 5
Chicago schools
remain empty

From AP and UPI
CHICAGO - School doors were of-
ficially open yesterday but only a han-
dful of students and fewer teachers
showed up for informal classes in the
nation's third-largest school system,
which owes its employees millions 'of
dollars in back pay.
Teachers refused to return to work at
the start of yesterday's second
semester until they received nearly the
$50 million the Board of Education owes
them. The system issued checks to its
47,600 employees yesterday for ap-
proximately one week's pay, but
teachers said they would not return un-
til full payment is made. Mayor Jane
Byrne said the city could not come up
with the money before Friday.
The Board of Education's 48,600 em-
ployees have missed three paychecks in
the past six weeks, the latest due Jan.
18. They eventually received payment
for two of the two-week periods.
work in the latest pay period were sent
to schools yesterday, but few teachers
picked them up.
The board said about 90 per cent of
the 31,000 teachers stayed off the job
and an equal percentage of students
stayed away. Independent checks in-
dicated even fewer teachers were at
The City Council yesterday was con-
sidering a $225 million bond issue
needed to pay employees and operate
the system through April, said William
Griffinthe mayor's chief of staff.
'The Board of Education meanwhile,
met to seek additional ways to cut its
budget. Last Friday, it slashed the
budget by $42 million, $18 million less
than the amount agreed to Jan. 5 in
Springfield when an overall plan to ease

the crisis was worked out with the help
of Gov. James R. Thompson.
BYRNE SAID the board would be
kept in session every day this week if
that was needed to cut the budget by $60
The Board of Delegates of the 28,000-
member teachers union voted 700-1 on
Friday to stay off the job for the first
time since the budget crisis began.
Union president Robert Healey said
they would not go back until they
receive their overdue pay in full.
Catherine Rohter, school board
president, said extra police' officers
were assigned to schools and only the
main entrance was unlocked at each
one. There were no reports of pickets at
the city's 647 schools.
"This is one of the quietest days
we've had this semester," said Blaine
DeNye, principal of Manley High
School, where 60 of the 1,750 students
and one teacher showed up.
IN SOME schools, parents and ad-
ministrators supervised students, who
assembled in auditoriums, libraries,
lunchrooms and classrooms.
At Edgebrook Elementary School, 60
of the 235 students and none of the
teachers showed up. Two parents, who
are certified teachers, supervised
pupils from kindergarten through third
grade, said principal Violet Milner.
"With the kindergartners and first
graders, the last time -I looked in they
were sitting in a circle and singing
songs. The second and third graders
were writing stories," she said.
"I was relieved that not many studen-
ts showed up," said principal Wayne
Hoffman at Jensen Elementary School.
"I couldn't sleep last night just thinking
about it."

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AP Photo
D.J. ends exile
Scott Miller, a disc jockey at station WOBL-Oberlin, hugs his wife, Becky,
after ending a fifty day self-imposed exile in tribute for the American
hostages in Tehran. Miller had himself tied up for three hours each after-
noon in a cubicle at the station.
Small quakes serve
owarn Californians

thquakes and aftershocks that began
shaking Northern California late last
week underscored the fears of Califor-
nians that the "big one" is coming.
The probability of a huge earthquake
in which thousands of people will die is
something Californians have long lived
with. But when moderate quakes hit,
such as they did near San Francisco
beginning last Thursday, more people
begin to take seriousl the dire predic-
tions of scientists.
"Good, I'm glad," said Dr. Bruce
Bolt of the University of California
* Seismographic Station. "Californians
have to realize they do live in ear-
thquake country.
"THESE SMALL quakes are very
educational. People tend to get com-
placent and they really should think
about the grave consequences of a
major earthquake."
Botl and several of his colleagues
have been adamant about their predic-
tions that it is only a matter of time
before an earthquake of catastrophic
,'*proportions ravages California.
He said his estimate that there is a
better than 50-50 chance of a quake over
7.0 on the Richter scale sometime in the
next 10 years is based on hard evidence.
The Richter scale is a measure of
ground motion as recorded on
seismographs. Every increase of one
number means a tenfold increase in
magnitude. A 7 reading is a "major"
earthquake, capable of widespread
heavy damage; 8 is a "great" quake,
* capable'of tremendous damage.
"THERE' ARE three solid lines of

argument," Bolt said yesterday. "The
first is that geodetic studies show a con-
tinued straining of the Earth's crust in
California. The second is that historical
evidence shows a number of big ear-
thquakes in the last century and a lack
of them in this century.
"But most importantly, geological
evidence along fault lines themselves
shows that there have been large ear-
thquakes going back a thousand years
with an average time between them of
about 160 years. So the long-term
record gives us confidence that large
earthquakes are not just errajic
behavior, but occur fairly constantly."
That feeling was echoed by scientists
in Southern California, even as Bolt and
others studied the aftershocks of the
quakes in the San Francisco area, a
series of nine tremblors that measured
up to 5.6 on the Richter scale 'and
caused widespread but minor damage
from Thursday through Sunday.
"NONE OF US has said when or even
where such an event might occur,"
Clarence Allen of the California In-
stitute of Technology said Monday at an
earthquake conference in Los Angeles.
"But there is an increased feeling of
Getting San Francisco ready for a
quake such as the one that leveled
much of the city in 1906 is the job of
Philip Day, the mayor's director of
emergency services.
"Right now, on a preparedness scale
of zero to 10, I'd say we're at 3," Day
said. "I hope we can push through a 90-
day program to get it up to a 6.

To the Freshman: It wouldn't be the
If there weren't some rumors about it.
Just for the record,
Here are some of the things we're not:
In the bar 24 hours a day, and so forth.
Come down and see us during Fraternity Rush Week
mysterious century old DEKE Chapel, 6111 E. William
next to White's Market.

at our


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The facts are startling.
Experts estimate that about
half of all automobile occu-
pant fatalities last year might
have been avoided if the
people had been wearing seat
belts. That's because injuries
occur when the car stops
abruptly and the occupants
are thrown against the car's
interior. Belts prevent this.
Many people say they
know the facts, but they still
don't wear belts. Their reasons
range all over the lot: seat
belts are troublesome to put
on, they are uncomfortable,
or they wrinkle your clothes.'
Some people even think
getting hurt or killed in a
car accident is a question of
fate; and therefore, seat belts
don't matter.
If you're one of those
people who don't use belts for
one reason or another, please
think carefully about your'mo-
tivations. Are your objections
to seat belts based on the
facts or on rationalizations?
Here are a few of the
common rationalizations.
Many people say they are
afraid of being trapped in a
car by a seat belt. In fact, in
the vast majority of cases,

seat belts protect passengers
from severe injuries, allowing
them to escape more quickly.
Another popular rationaliza-
tion: you'll be saved by being
thrown clear of the car. Here
again, research has proved
that to be untrue-you are
almost always safer inside
the car.
Some people use seat
belts for highway driving,
but rationalize it's not worth
the trouble to buckle up for
short trips. The numbers tell
a different story: 80% of all
automobile accidents causing
injury or death involve cars
traveling under 40 miles per
hour. And three quarters of
all collisions happen less than
25 miles from the driver's
When you're the driver,
you have the psychological
authority to convince all of
the passengers that they
should wear seat belts. It has
been shown that in a car, the
driver is considered to be an
authority figure. A simple
reminder from you may help
save someone's life. And
please remember children
can be severely injured in
automobile accidents, too.
Make sure Child Restraint
Systems are used for children
who aren't old enough to use

the government has directed
that some form of passive
restraint-one that doesn't
require any action by the oc-
cupant-be built into every
car by the 1984 model year.
GM is offering one such
restraint-a new type of auto-
matic belt-as an option on the
1980 Chevette to gain insight
into its public acceptance.
By the 1982 model year,
we must begin putting pas-
sive restraints in all full-size
cars and, eventually, into the
entire fleet. But until you
purchase one of these cars of
the future, you can protect
yourself and others by using
seat belts and urging your
family and friends to follow
your example.
At GM, we're very con-
cerned about safety. So
please fasten your seat belt,
because even the best driver
in the world can't predict
what another driver will do.
This advertisement is part of
our continuing effort to give cus-
tomers useful information about
their cars and trucks and the
company that builds them.
General Motors
People building transportation
to serve people

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