Thurscay, Judy 22, 197&
THE MiCH#GAN DAILY
British ambassador killed
DUBLIN, Ireland (A - Terrorists ex-
ploded a land mine under the Jaguar
limousine of the British ambassador to
Ireland yesterday morning, killing him
and a woman secretary, and seriously
wounding Britain's top civil servant in
Ambassador Christopher Ewart-Biggs,
54, and Judith Cook, 27, were killed just
after the car swept through the gates of
the ambassador's -residence in the Dub-
he suburb of Sandyford en route to an
appointment with Irish Foreign Minister
BRIAN CUBON, 47, the man respon-
sible for implementing direct British
rule in the strife-torn province north of
Here, was injured as was the chauffeur,
Brian ODriscoR. Both men were in criti-
The bomb, believed detonated by re-
ote control, blew the car into the air
and made a crater in the road 10 feet
deep. The car landed on its roof in the
hole. trapping the four occupants, police
No one claimed responsibility, but
Irish Justice Minister Patrick Cooney
said the terrorists were believed to be
"an extremist republican group" He an-
nwunced a $6,000 reward for their cap-
(aOONEY DID not specify the out-
i v Irish Republican Army, which is
Three young businessmen are tiptoeing
through the fields of Central Texas in a
eniure they admit is a bunch of bull.
Joe ustejovsky, B.J. Brown and David
Krause are manure entrepeneurs. They
se dried cow chips. Successfully. It
aed as a joke, but the partners fig-
ur:ed anyone who would buy a per rock
fo company would buy a cow chip to
mke him feel at home on the range.
Te frame the chips, which weigh as
MUci as five pounds and are up to 16
inles tong, in cedar shadowboxes and
se them as decorative "Authentic
Tes Longhorn Chips." "Some of them
look like they've just been dropped--
the re incredible," Brown said. To their
on surprise, the partners have sold
about 100 of the shadowboxes. An in-
surance company bought 10 of the $24,95
dipped chips marked "personal and con-
fidential" ostensibly for gifts. Some chips
are more popular than others, such as
those autographed by the maker-with
hoofiprints. "People think they smell but
the don't," said Brown, a commercial
Photographer. "They're pretty well dry.
It's almost just grass in a pile." Puste-
jwaiky works for an advertising firm,
are slim today. There is a Lincoln
exihit in the Briarwood Mall today
through Friday, open 9:30 a.m. to 9:30
Weather or not
It will be partly sunny today, and the
high will only be about 80, but the
humidity will be enough to make you
think you're in a rain- forrest. Speaking
of rain forrests, there is a 30 per cent
chance of rain ttoday. Tonight's low will
be in the low 60's.
fighting a guerrilla war to end British
rule in Northern Ireland and unite it
with the Irish republic.
Police arrested two IRA leaders, Da-
vid O'Connell and Joe O'Neill, after as
IRA funeral later yesterday, but that
appeared connected to- a scuffle during
Irish Prime Minister Liam Cosgrave
said his government viewed the killings
"with shock and revulsion." Irish offic-
ials canceled their attendance at public
functions and ordered flags lowered to
half-staff on all public buildings.
A SPOKESMAN for Queen Elizabeth
I,. who is in Canada after opening the
Montreal Olympics, said the British
monarch was "shocked and distressed
and has sent messages of condolence to
the bereaved families and sympathetic
messages to the injured."
British Prime Minister James Callag-
bn told the House of Commons in Lon-
don: "These killers are no friends of
anyone. They are the common enemy
we must destroy or be destroyed by."
Ewart - Biggs, an Oxford graduate
and novelist who ware a monocle be-
cause of 4 World War II wound at the
Battle of El Alamein, came to his post
here from Paris less than two weeks
ago The queen's spokesman recalled
that she had presented his credentials
on the eve of his departure for Dublin.
HE IS BELIEVED to be the first Brit-
isl official killed in the Irish repbnlic
since the Irish war of independeace i
the early 1920s.
Cosgrave said in his statement: The
atrocity fills all decent Irish people wit
a sense of shame. The government is de-
termined that all the resources at its
disposal will be used to ensure that te
perpetrators are brought to justice and
face the full rigors of the law."
In tDuhlin, a sprokesasan for Sinn Fei*,
the political wing of the official, Aonmili-
tant, IRA, condemned the killings "with-
"The brutal killings can only retard-
the Irish people's struggle," the spokes-
man said. "Those responsible are ene-
mies of the Irish."
Viking photos show red desert
PASADENA, Calif. 4') - Mars is, in-
deed, a red planet, as shown in the first
color pictures ever taken on the planet's
surface, but its sky looks like a smoggy
day on earth.
The color shots sent by the Viking I
robot explorer yesterday, just a day af-
ter the craft's safe landing and trans-
mission of black and white photos, show
a landscape which looks like the Arizona
desert without plants or animals.
"I didn't think it could be this good
two days in a row," said Thomas Mutch,
who heads the team that assembles sur-
face photography, "but it has been."
AFTER SPENDING its first night on
Martian soil, the Viking lander trans-
mitted a panoramic view of its new
neighborhood, a red desert-like plain
dappled with greenish rocks.
Mutch couldn't explain the greenish
cast of the rocks.
"What it means, I don't know," he
said, adding, "there are a number of
weathering factors that could have
THE STARK redness of the planet's
surface suggests oxidation, Mutch said,
"like the rusting of a nail." But he said
s-ch an assessment based solely on pic-
lures was pure speculation.
The brick-red surface of the Chryse
plain was in sharp contrast to the blue-
white sky, not at all like the blackness
of space seen from the surface of
Mutch said the picture "gives you the
same effect as a foggy or smoggy day
here in Los Angeles."
HE SAID THE picture's most import-
ant contribution was its revelation of
a light sky.
"It was a question in my mind when
I woke up this morning," Mutch said. "I
really didn't know whether or not I'd be
looking at a lunar-like darkness."
Mutch said the blue white sky "tells
us there are a number of scattering ma-
terials in the atmosphere, which is why
you don't get that dead black you get in
the lunar situation."
MEASUREMENTS taken by the probe
during its descent showed the presence
of nitrogen in the Martian atmosphere,
an indication that Mars is or has been
capable of supporting life.
"The odds of Martian life certainly
haven't gone down since the Viking land-
ing," Mutch said,
One of the more interesting elements
of the color scene was what Mutch caH-
ed the "Midas Muffler Rock," a cylin-
drical formation that appeared to be
about the size of an automobile muffler.
- See MARS, Page 10
DR. THOMAS MUTCH, director of the Viking Imaging Team, stands before an
enlarged version of the first picture of the Martian surface.
prof calls landingone of
Manki1nd's sparkling successes'
By 'MIKE NORTON
Tuesday's successful Viking landing on
Mars has been "one of Mankind's more
sparkling successes," says Richard Tes-
ke, Associate Professor of Astronomy
"It's an extremely important step,"
Teske said as he puffed on a cigarette,
"The fact that it was done successfully,
and that the pictures are so good, shows
the richness and worth of the space pro-
TESKE HAS been a follower of the
space program for nearly two decades.
In 1957, when the first Soviet satellite
was launched, he was a graduate stu-
dent involved in the satellite tracking
program. His office is hung with pic-
torial mementoes of space flight; the
door bears a huge blow-up of Neil Arm-
strong standing on the moon's surface.
"Of course," he added, "the element
of lock is always with you. You can
plan and scheme to eliminate as much
of the uncertainty as you can, but that
element of luck is still there. The poor
Russians, for instance, have had just
rotten luck with their Mars attempts."
Though he is generous in speaking
about critics of the space progra m wh
talk of scrapping it and using the moner
elsewhere, Teske's own opinion is that
"the money's well spent . . . There are
short-range scientific returns in the forn
of fundamental information; and there
are long-range returiis that are harder
"IF SOMEONE had convinced Pasteur
lie was wasting his time, we'd be miss-
ing the science of microbiology, the.
cure of diseases through immunization."
Many useful things about our ows
planct can be learned through the Mars
project, Teske maintains - possible so-
See PROF, Page 10