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August 19, 1975 - Image 11

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1975-08-19

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Tuesday, August 19, 1975


Page Five

Downtown stores Army confirms it used LSD to study

survive Briarwood

(Continued from Page 3)
feature helps the downtown
compete effectively with Brar-
Assistant City Planning Direc-
tor Joe Monroe agrees that
fears the downtown area was
declining were unfounded.
"WHEN WE talked to people
about the decline of downtown
we did so on the premise that
there was a decline," Monroe
says. "We have never been able
to substantiate that fact. There
was a lot of exodus after Briar-
wood opened, but that exodus
seems to be tapering off. In
fact, there's a lot more activity
downtown now in terms of build-
ing interest and reconstruction,
and the city hasn't done a thing
(to actively promote this in.
Real estate agents confirm
that interest in downtown busi-
ness snroerties has increased.
Morris Dalitz, a realtor in Ann
Arbor for ten wears, says in-
terest in downtown commercial
property has definitely picked
up in the last few years.
According to the realtor, there
is a strong demand for small
stores. "about the size of the
Adidas store .on State St. or
Monntain High Ice Cream on
W. Washington."
surge in real estate interest
downtown is due to increased
yo'rth activity in the area.
"More students are patroniz-
ing the stores, and there has
been a change in ownership to
younger people who understand
trends and orient their business
more toward the younger mar-
ket." Daitz explains.
The downtown bars are often
owned by former students,fand
the entertainment they offer
make the odwntown an attrac-
tive place for young people, ac-
cording to Dalitz.
THE INTEREST in the resi-
dential area around downtown
has also grown tremendously.
With transportation costs ris-
ing, Dalitz says many married
students wish to find a home
that is convenient to downtown
and campus. Retired faculty
members and professionals are
also looking for homes near
Irene Olencki of Caldwell &
Reinhart & Co. says there is a
"terrific interest" in the Old
West Side neighborhood.
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"THERE IS a lot of interest
in revitalization. People are.
looking for homes that need to
be or are already renovated,"
Olencki says.
The city is fortunate to have
a residential area around the
downtown which has not de-
teriorated into slums, as has
happened in other cities with
the migration to suburbia. Com-
mercial and residential property
values have remained stable
here, and because Ann Arbor's
downtown is not considered a
high crime area, businesses
have not moved en masse to
outlying shopping centers.
The city government realizes
that revitalization of the down-
town area is essential to Ann
Arbor's development. But, as
Kizer says, the city is in a pre-
carious position. It cannot afford
to insult either Briarwood, be-
cause of the tax revenues the
mall provides, or the downtown.
Tomorrow: How the city
government is helping down-
town businesses.

Army has confirmed that it
tested LSD on volunteers on at
least one occasion to see if it
would weaken the will of pris-
oners being questioned about
military matters.
The test, conducted at Fort
Bragg, N.C., in September, 1958,
was designed to see how long
the subjects could "hold out"
under the influence of the drug.
THE ARMY said 20 Special
Forces volunteers - the elite
"Green Berets" of Vietnam
fame-participated in the ex-
periment, set up as a simulated
prisoner of war interrogation.
It involved intelligence per-
sonnel from the S25th Military
Intelligence Group and the 82nd
Counterintelligence Detachment
under supervision of the Bio-
chemical Research Facility at
Edgewood Arsenal. Edgewood
presided over the Army's drug
testing program.
The 82nd Counterintelligence
Detachment was attached to the

endurance of prisoners

82nd Airborne Division, and the
525th Military Intelligence Group
was sent to Vietnam in 1967.
DR. VAN SIM, who directed
the LSD test program at Edge-
wood, denied at a news confer-
ence July 23 that any Army in-
telligence or security units had
been involved in the LSD tests.
Asked about the Army's state-
ment today, Sim said, "I didn't
know who those fellows were.
The Special Forces brought
them in."
The tests included a "guard
post" exercise and a "cover
story" exercise, w it h both
groups being given doses of 100-
1S micrograms of LSD.
IN THE guard post exercise,
eight soldiers on guard duty
were given LSD, after which
persons with phony identifica-
tion tried to slip by them.
"A lot of guys got through,
said one source familiar with
the program.
The "cover story" exercise
was more complicated.
IN SUCH tests, common at

military intelligence schools,
the budding soldier-agent manu-
factures a plausible cover story
to hide his true identiy and
mission. He then is "captured"
by the "enemy" and taken to
an interrogator, who tries to
pick apart the cover story and
find the truth.
According to a military intel-
ligence source, the technique is
used both on future interroga-
tors and on prospective agents
who might find themselves faced
with such a situation.
IN TIE Fort Bragg test,
however, the 12 volunteers fab-
ricated their cover story and
then were given LSD.
An Army spokesman said they
were not told what drug they
were receiving, but merely that
they would "receive a chemical
compound" which might alter
their behavior."
Gary Thomas is a former
editorial page writer for the

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