Tuesday, August 19, 197/5
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Downtown stores Army confirms it used LSD to study
survive Briarwood interrogation endurance of prisoners
(Continued from Page 3)
feature helps the downtown
compete effectively with Brar-
Assistant City Planning Direc-
tor Joe Monroe agrees that
fears the downtown area was
declining were unfounded.
"WHEN WE talked to people
about the decline of downtown
we did so on the premise that
there was a decline," Monroe
says. "We have never been able
to substantiate that fact. There
was a lot of exodus after Briar-
wood opened, but that exodus
seems to be tapering off. In
fact, there's a lot more activity
downtown now in terms of build-
ing interest and reconstruction,
and the city hasn't done a thing
(to actively promote this in-
Real estate agents confirm
that interest in downtown busi-
ness properties has increased.
Morris nalitz, a realtor in Ann
Arbor for ten years, says in-
terest in downtown commercial
property has definitely picked
op in the last few years.
According to the realtor, there
is a strong demand for small
stores, "about the size of the
Adidas store on State St. or
Montain High Ice Cream on
DALITZ BELIEVES the up-
surge in real estate interest
downtown is due to increased
youth activity in the area.
"More students are patroniz-
ing the stores, and there has
been a change in ownership to
younger people who understand
trends and orient their business
more toward the younger mar-
ket." Dalitz explains.
The downtown bars are often
owned by former students, and
the entertainment they offer
make the odwtown an attrac-
tive place for young people, ac-
cording to Dalitz.
THE INTEREST in the resi-
dential area around downtown
has also grown tremendously.
With transportation costs ris-
ing, Dalitz says many married
students wish to find a home
that is convenient to downtown
and campus. Retired faculty
members and professionals are
also looking for homes near
Irene Olencki of Caldwell &
Reinhart & Co. says there is a
"terrific interest" in the Old
West Side neighborhood.
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"THERE IS a lot. of interest
in revitalization. People are
looking for homes that need to
be or are already renovated,"
The city is fortunate to have
a residential area around the
downtown which has not de-
teriorated into slums, as has
happened in other cities with
the migration to suburbia. Com-
mercial and residential property
values have remained stable
here, and because Ann Arbor's
downtown is not considered a
high crime area, businesses
have not moved en masse to
outlying shopping centers.
The city government realizes
that revitalization of the down-
town area is essential to Ann
Arbor's development. But, as
Kizer says, the city is in a pre-
carious position. It cannot afford
to insult either Briarwood, be-
cause of the tax revenues the
mall provides, or the downtown.
Tomorrow: How the city
government Is helping down-
By GARY THOMAS
WASHINGTON (UPI) - The
Army has confirmed that it
tested LSD on volunteers on at
least one occasion to see if it
would weaken the will of pris-
oners being questioned about
The test, conducted at Fort
Bragg, N.C., in September, 1958,
was designed to see how long
the subjects could "hold out"
under the influence of the drug.
THE ARMY said 2) Special
Forces volunteers - the elite
"Green Berets" of Vietnam
fame-participated in the ex-
periment, set up as a simulated
prisoner of war interrogation.
It involved intelligence per-
sonnel from the 525th Military
Intelligence Group and the 82nd
under supervision of the Bio-
chemical Research Facility at
Edgewood Arsenal. Edgewood
presided over the Army's drug
The 82nd Counterintelligence
Detachment was attached to the
82nd Airborne Division, and the military intelligence schools,
525th Military Intelligence Group the budding soldier-agent manu-
was sent to Vietnam in 1967. factures a plausible cover story
DR. VAN SIM, who directed to hide his true identiy and
the LSD test program at Edge- mission. He then is "captured"
wood, denied at a news confer- by the "enemy" and taken to
ence July 23 that any Army in- an interrogator, who tries to
telligence or security units had pick apart the cover story and
been involved in the LSD tests. find the truth.
Asked about the Army's state- According to a military intel-
ment today, Sim said, "I didn't ligence source, the technique is
know who those fellows were. used both on future interroga-
The Special Forces brought tors and on prospective agents
them in." . who might find themselves faced
The tests included a "guard with such a situation.
post" exercise and a "cover IN THE Fort Bragg test,
story" exercise, w i t h both however, the 12 volunteers fab-
groups being given doses of 100- ricated their cover story and
150 micrograms of LSD. then were given LSD.
IN THE guard post exercise, An Army spokesman said they
eight soldiers on guard duty were not told what drug they
were given LSD, after which were receiving, but merely that
persons with phony identifica- they would "receive a chemical
tion tried to slip by them. compound" which might alter
"A lot of guys got through," their behavior."
said one source familiar with
The "cover story" exercise Gry Thomas is a farmer
was more complicated. editorial page writer for the
IN SUCH tests, common at Daily.
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