Wednesday. May 4r 1975
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Ford reportedly alerts
marines to seek ship
(Continued from Page 1)
"The United States will not ac-
cept harassment of ships on in-
ternational sea lanes."
ANSWERING reporters' ques-
tions after a speech, Kissinger
said, "We insist upon release
of the ship and its crew."
It was learned that Kissinger
expects the United States to of-
fer no compromise similar to
the one agreed to obtain release
of the spy ship Pueblo from
North Korea in 1969.
The Pueblo crew of 82 was
released in exchange for a U.S.
statement that the ship sailed .
through North Korean waters
committing "grave acts of es-
U. S. officials acknowledge
that the Mayaguez, carrying
some military cargo, may have
been seized within eight to 10
miles of an island claimed by
both Cambodia and South Viet-
nam and S5 miles off the Cam-
The U. S. position has been
that international waters begin
three miles off each nation's
shores, but the Ford administra-
tion supports a change in inter-
national law to extend it to 12
Even so, the State Depart-
ment maintains that there must
he free access to shipping lanes,
including those where the ship
IN OTHER Indochina devel-
opments, Britain announced re-
cognition of the new revolution-
arv regime in Saigon yesterday,
following about a dozen other
countries that have taken simi-
lar steps since the old regime
Saigon radio reported yester-
day that 24 general of the de-
feated South Vietnamese army
had complied with orders and
registered with the new govern-
ment, including Maj. Gen.
Quock Giai, the former ranger
chief. Other radio reports said
the Roman Catholic bishop of
Saigon and a Buddhist leader in
Hue had expressed support for
the new regime.
Broadcasts from Vietnam
said two major highways had
been repaired and opened to
traffic in the rice-rich Mekong
Delta south of Saigon. The first
cargo ship from North Vietnam
was scheduled to arrive in Sai-
gon yesterday, and Liberation
radio said an enthusiastic dock-
side welcome was being read-
ied for the 10,000-ton vessel.
S IGON RADIO also warned
agains t reactionary elements
and said more than 5,000 serv-
icemen, officials, policemen and
"intelligence agents" of the for-
mer government have been reg-
istered in a campaign that goes
on to the end of the month. The
new regime has stressed that
all would be well treated.
Still another radio report said
the government would conduct
special aircraft flights and ar-
tillery firing "tests" in the Sai-
gon area today and tomorrow.
It was believed these might be
preparations for celebrations to
begin tomorrow honoring the
late North Vietnamese leader
Ho Chi Minh and the recent vic-
The new government, con-
cerned about law and order,
said a thief who stole the brief-
case of an American corres-
pondent was apprehended and
shot on the spot. Thieves, who
abounded under the former re-
gime in Saigon, are now judged
immediately by a people's
IN LAOS, about 200 rebellious
soldiers and officers who re-
fused to obey superiors from
the rightist side in the coalition
government, were escorted
back to their barracks yester-
day by Pathet Lao troops. The
rebellious troops had walked
out on their superiors last Sun-
day, along with some army
units in other Laotian cities in
a protest over rightist leader-
H a n o i' s official Vietnam
News Agency quoted the Pa-
thet Lao agency as saying a
growing number of rightist
troops are switching sides and
declaring their loyalty to the
Communist-led Pathet Lao.
The Pathet Lao gained domi-
nance over the Laos coalition
during the past week, and a
number of right-wing leaders
fled to Thailand.
THIS FILE PHOTO shows the Mayaguez, the A merican merchant ship seized Monday by Cam-
bodia, during cargo loading operations in New Orleans in 1971. Ford administration officials yes-
terday repeated the President's demand that the freighter and its crew be immediately released
from Cambodian custody.
Cambodian sei zure of vessel
provokes cautious reactions
(Continued from Page 1)
about American machismo or
credibility," he asserted.
Singer further claimed that
"some might see this as a
chance to act tough at a very
low cost - and that would be
"If Ford decides on this (mili-
tary) kind of action, he'll just
be playing the game of politi-
cal polemics," he warned.
"I WOULD urge all Americans,
especially m e m b e r s of
Congress, to remember the
Gulf of Tonkin," Singer empha-
Director of the Center for
South and Southeastern Studies
and Professor of Linguistics Al-
ton Becker also disapproved of
an aggressive U.S. response, re-
marking "anything even resem-
bling an invasion of Cambodia
would be just crazy." She
viewed the seizure as perhaps
"an act of bravado on the part
of the Cambodians", adding
that U. S. troop deployment
would be a "likewise response."
Becker speculated that there
might be a motive for the ab-
duction. "Possibly it was a
move calculated to force the U.
S. to take cognizance of the new
government," she proposed.
She also recommended a peace-
ful U. S. reaction to the crisis,
suggesting the U. S. use avail-
able diplomatic channels to
achieve a resolution.
Associate Professor of Politi-
cal Science Michel Oksenberg
especially emphasized the lack
of detailed facts surrounding the
crisis. He maintained that "the
level of knowledge needed to
make an adequate statement on
this matter is unobtainable".
Oksenberg also raised several
questions on the issue. "What is
the nature of the new govern-
ment in Cambodia?" he asked.
He also qiiestioned just where
the necessary channels of com-
musication with the new gov-
ernment could be found.
In response to the possibility
of diplomatic assistance from
mainland China, Oksenburg
commented, "Again, what pre-
ciselv are China's relations with
the new government? What kind
ofleverage does China have?
These are all crucial ques-
By AP and UPI
A $405 million appropriation to help
Indochina refugees settle into new lives
was approved yesterday by a House com-
mittee and scheduled for a House vote
It was unclear when the Senate would
act on the refugee aid. Senate Demo-
cratic Whip Robert Byrd of West Vir-
ginia said the Senate would vote later
this week or certainly next week.
PRESIDENT FORD has asked for $507
million for the refugees, based on the
assumption that some 150,000 would be
Meanwhile, Leonard Chapman, commis-
sioner of the Immigration and Naturali-
zation Service, told the Senate refugee
subcommittee that U.S. requirements for
security clearance is holding up move-
ment of the refugees out of the three
resettlement centers in this country.
Chapman said there had been some
18,000 requests for clearance, but thus
far not one had been checked out by all
five agencies which must be contacted.
THE HOUSE Appropriations Commit-
tee approvel the $405. million in aid by
vote on refugee aid bil
vote after rejecting an amend- officials at an airline ofice at Camp mander of the Marianas, said yestem
o cut it down to $373 million. Pendleton, one of the refugee centers, the Navy was capable of processingp
man needs two aspirin, you won't told her many of the refugees have table water at the rate of 13 milliong
m one," said Rep. Otto Passman $7,000 to $10,000 and do not need assist- Ions a day "and that is just about w
) in opposing the cut. "These pen- ance. is being used at the moment."
re refugees. They're homeless. But Rep. Clair Burgener (R-Calif.) said
e desperate." he saw papers for 50 refugees at Camp THE CIVILIAN government buys
mittee Chairman George Mahon Pendleton and said only two had sub- million gallons per day from the Nav
.) said the $405 million "is an edu- stantial money, $7,000 in one case and Fena Lake reservoir, the amount be
guess" on what refugee money $2,000 in another. used daily in Orote Tent City by
tually be needed and said America An amendment by Passman to pro- 40,000 Vietnamese refugees.
he refugees the help. - hibit distribution of any of the money Morrison said there was no short
t h r o u g h international organizations, of water, but the facilities with whici
USED them to stop expansion of which he said could lead to its benefit- pump the water were insufficient
unism in Southeast Asia," Mahon ting the North Vietnamese or Viet Cong keep up wth the added demand,1
'We used them to that extent." in South Vietnam, was approved by voice ticularly in a drought.
vote. The sanitation situation in the tentt
Rep. J. Edward Roush (D-Ind.), continued to be a problem but not
roposed the cut, said that while he MEANWHILE, the 100,000th Indochina that gave cause for alarm, Morrison s
all needed aid for the refugees, refugee arrived yesterday on Gu a m
sic figures from President Ford's amidst growing concern that the swell- "WE MAY have a cosmetic odor p
-rtsk t high. ing population may exhaust the island's lem but so far there is no indication t
ntially, Roush proposed that the water supply. we have sort of a hygiene situation,
figured on the 115,237 refugees Residents and Vietnamese refugees said.
d as of Monday and that much of may be asked to conserve water to pre- He reported six confirmed mal
e chopped off for some 20,000 refu- vent a shortage b e c a u s e of a long cases, but said the number is far be
moving quickly into U.S. homes drought and the added usage by the what authorities had expected.
as relatives or people who already refugees who have arrived there in the Four ships arrived late Monday n
U.S. sponsors. past three weeks. with 15,000 Vietnamese. A fifth was
. YVONNE BURKE (D-Calif.) said Rear Adm. G e o r g e Morrison, corn- late yesterday afternoon with 3,200 m