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May 13, 1975 - Image 6

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1975-05-13

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Poge Six


Tuesday, May 13,f 1975

Soviet, U.S. space centers similar I n

-Soviet officialdom briefly lift-
ed the secrecy wraps yesterday
from its nerve center for the
upcoming joint Soviet-American
space venture, revealing a spa-
cious complex bristling with this
country's latest technology.
About 40 foreign journalists
were allowed their first look at
the five-year-old Kalinin mission
control center in a three-hour
tour of facilities that looked in
many ways like those of its U.S.
counterpart at Houston.
HOUSED IN a modern six-
story building in the midst of
an old apartment neighborhood
in this northern Moscow suburb,
the center has been closely
guarded from outside view as
a top secret military installa-
tion. Even its location was not
publicly revealed.

The Soviet proclivity for sec-
recy was waived in this one
case in an apparent gesture to
meet the spirit of reciprocity
agreed upon for the historic
Apollo - Soyuz Test P r o j e c t
(ASTP) scheduled for July 15.
Soviet journalists have already
visited the Houston center.
The highlight of ASTP will be
the orbital docking of an Ameri-
can Apollo spacecraft with the
Russian Soyuz. While the two
spacecraft remain linked, the
three astronauts and the two
Soviet cosmonauts will transfer
to each other's vehicles through
a specially-constructed docking
adapter, attached to the Apollo
command module.
THE APOLLO astronauts -
Thomas Stafford, Donald Slay-
ton and Vance Brand-are sched-
uled to perform more than a

Meany blasts Ford

(Continued from Page 3)
He argued that Ford has been
too concerned with reducing the
budget deficit and has not paid
enough attention to the plight
of the working class.
Meany pronosed a ten-point
plan that includes:
-$5 billion in federal grants
to local governments for short-
term public works projects;
-expanded public service em-
ployment programs;
-e x t e n d e d unem-
ployment benefits; and
-direct aid to major cities
hit hard by unemployment.
Currently 8.2 million people -
or nearly 9 per cent of the
work force - are jobless. In
Michigan, that rate is some-
what higher. as it is for certain
segments of the national popu-
lation, particularly blacks and
Meany predicted that if dras-
tic steps are not taken the situ-
ation will get worse.
"THE IDEA that the federal
government s h o u I d impose
a tight budget straightjacket on
itself in the face of most seri-

ous unemployment is ridicu-
lous," he told the committee.
"Those who say otherwise-
the President and the majority
in Congress - have no faith
and confidence in America .. .
they run scared."
Committee member Sen.
Charles Percy (R-Ill.) chal-
lenged Meany's plan, which
would increase the current
vear's budget deficit to $100 bil-
lion, as inflationary.
"WE HAVE to keep up the
battle against inflation," Percy
said. He urged a "pay as we
go" approach that would entail
such items as increased gaso-
line taxes to hike federal reve-
nues. But Sen. Lloyd Bentsen
(D-Texas), chairman of the
committee, was in general
agreement with Meany.
Bentsen urged major altera-
tions in the government's hand-
ling of the unemployment situ-
ation, though he offered no spe-
The hearing is part of an ef-
fort by the committee to for-
mulate a detailed battle plan
against unemployment.

dozen experiments during their
flight; one in conjunction with
the Soviets. Stafford is the only
space veteran in the American
The center here is the main
control point for manned Soviet
space flights but is said to be
only one of several in various
parts of the country. Officials
at the space center declined to
say exactly how many or where
they were located.
An American space specialist,
heading a team which will re-
hearse ASTP flight control pro-
cedires with the Soviets this
week, said there is little basic
difference between the Kalinin
and Houston operations.
"THERE IS a very similar
arrangement in the c o n t r o I
room, and I think there are
even more nositions in this
one," said Charles Lewis, a
Texas-tanned specialist who car-
ries the designation of U.S. vis-
iting flight director.
The main control room is a
high-ceilinged amphitheater, the
main floor of which is lined with
banks of computer-linked con-
soles for about 20 specialists. It
is their job to monitor and issue
commands to the Soyuz space-
craft and its two-man crew.
They face a huge wall framed
by numerous electronic clocks
)linking on a black background.
These keen the technicians in-
formed of exact times and loca-
tions of the space vehicles as
they are being tracked.
IN THE center of the front
wall is a colored, computer-op-
erated map of the world graph-
ically portraying the progress
of the spacecraft.
According to an October 1974
report in a U.S. technical maga-
zine, Aviation Week, the Kalinin
control center cannot communi-
cate directly with its spacecraft
as Houston can but must depend
on communications relay from
ground and ship tracking sta-
But Lewis said the only tech-
nical difference he could detect
in the U.S. favor was the slower
process here of receiving and
displaying tracking data, be-
cause of limits in the Soviet-
made computers. He added that
this would not in any way
hinder the joint operation.
NEW YORK (/) - Best team
during the regular National
Football League season was the
Oakland Daiders. They won 10
of 12 games to win the Western
Division of the American Con-
ference by a four and a half
game margin over Denver.
Teams with the poorest records
were the Baltimore Colts and
New York Giants, each with
two wins in 14 games.
soups donuts
tempur puddins
cosseroles slads
ouort ice cream
eqorolls herbal tes
7:00-10,30 A.M.
LUNCH 10:30-2:00 P.M.

Photo by Carlo Rapoport
THE LIVING Theater cavorts about campus on Saturday
night. The Pittsburgh-based group led their audience from
Waterman Gym to the Physics Building and four other scenic
campus locations before tiring out well after midnight.
Gun ban stressed

1) Lose Weight
2) Stop Cigarette Smoking
3) Increase Study Skills
4) Stop Biting Finger Nails
5) Exercise More Frequently
6) Meet More People
7) Complete Your Dissertation
8) Change Other Minor Maladaptive
Students in Psychology 414 (Advanced Labo-
ratory in Behavior Modification) in Coopera-
tion with the Institute of Behavior Change,
will work with you in chonging your undesir-
able behaviors.
CALL: 994-3332
2200 FULLER RD.-Suite 209
Dr. James V. McConnell-Director of Research
Dr. Chauncey Smith-Director of Clinical Services

Michigan Commission on Crimi-
nal Justice has urged state law-
makers to ban non - sporting
guns and further reduce penal-
ties for marijuana possession.
Except for prostitution, the
commission at its meeting yes-
terday also recommended de-
criminalization of private sex-
ual acts between consenting
adults - including homosexual-
ity and adultry.
BUT ON the most heavily
debated issue, the 73-member
group of citizens, law enforce-
ment experts and elected offic-
ials rejected a proposal to lift
the constitutional ban on capital
punishment, even though public
sentiment is running heavily in
favor of it.
Opponents of the death penal-
ty said it is most often used on
blacks and low income persons
and has not shown to be a deter-
rent to violent crime.
"There's something a b o u t
that act of retribution after the
fact that just doesn't sit with
me," said commission chair-
man and former Lt. Gov. James
"THE ANSWER is not to fry
a couple of people every year,
but in the uniformity - not se-

verity - of punishment."
The commission, named by
Gov. William Milliken to re-
commend criminal justice pol-
icy, turned down reinstating the
death penalty on a 25-17 vote.
Among those voting against
capital punishment were Brick-
ley, state Corrections Director
Perry Johnson and parole
board member Leonard Mc-
Connell. State Police Director
George Halverson, however,
voted in favor of the death
A L T H O U G H voting to
reduce the maximum penalty
for marijuana possession from
one year in jail to 90 days, the
commission opposed legalizing
the substance. It also urged a
continuation of the current sen-
tences and fines for hard drugs
and marijuana pushing.
The gun control proposal, ap-
proved on a 22-13 vote, would
outlaw the manufacture and
possession of any non-sporting
Guns would be judged as
sporting or non-sporting based
on the barrel length, caliber,
grip and other dimensions.
Among those banned would be
the so-called Saturday Night
Special and various military

WABX Presents
SATURDAY, MAY 24-6:30 P.M.
Oakland University-Rochester, Mi
. . TICKETS-$5, $4, $3.50, & $3 (lawn) . .
available at Hudson's, White's Records, and Music
Saloon in Pontiac
An Oakland Univ. Congress Concert-Lecture Bourd Production

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