Thursday, July, 17, 1975
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WASHINGTON (P) - A bill to
cut the price of oil won final
Senate approval yesterday after
the Ford administration hinted
at another round of gasoline-
price increases by Labor Day.
Passage of the bill on a 57-40
vote underlined the deep differ-
ences between Congress and the
White House over energy policy.
While President Ford wants to
raise fuel prices to encourage
conservation, the Democratic
bill would cut the price of 40
per cent of U.S. oil production
by about $1 a barrel.
IN TESTIMONY before two
Senate subcommittees, Frank
Zarb, head of the Federal En-
ergy Administration, said mo-
torists can expect to pay two to
five cents more for a gallon of
gasoline by Labor Day.
However, an FEA spokesper-
son said later that Zarb had
meant to say that the oil com-
panies have legal authority to
raise prices by that amount -
and did not mean to predict such
In fact, the FEA spokesman
said, most companies already
have used three of those five
cents in gasoline-price hikes that
went into effect just before the
Fourth of July.
ZARB SAID his agency ex-
pects no general gasoline short-
age this year, although short-
ages could develop occasionally
in some areas because of refin-
ery breakdowns and similar un-
Assuming the cost of import-
ed oil is not raised, gasoline
prices might fall from the new
levels later in September, Zarb
said. But he offered no evidence
the Organization of Petroleum
Exporting Countries (OPEC)
will back down from earlier
threats to raise oil prices this
The current price of a gallon
of regular gasoline averages
59.2 cents nationwide, a 53 per
cent increase in two years.
ZARB testified before Com-
merce and Government Opera-
tions subcommittees, which are
See SENATE, Page 7
Curious children in Roseville, Mich., peek through the window of a station wagon at a strange,
brown and white web-footed creature with a four-foot wing span. No one knows where it came
from. but one expert thinks the bird is either a Muscovy duck or an imported European goose.
e arn thepir daily bread
By PAULINE IUBENS
The weaver watches intently,
as patrons study her wares.
Moments later, someone has
found an item to his liking and
she makes another sale.
FOR MOST exhibitors, the
next three days of the Ann Ar-
bor art fairs will not be the
carnival extravaganza most of
the strolling customers enjoy. It
is their livelihood and the artists
take it quite seriously.
"Most people come to sell
their work," says painter Jon
Lockard, a teacher at the Uri-
versity who has attended all 16
Ann Arbor Street Fairs. "I sure
don't come here to sit in the
sThere are no galleries where
you can sell as much as you
sell here in four days," he adds.
"Besides, it's also good for the
town and the store owners.':
"ONIONS, hot dogs, shish ka-
bobs," a vendor cries.
". Last year's T-shirts at last
year's prices," another prom-
The artists sit in the shade of
their umbrellas or booths, wait-
ing for a serious customer to
emerge from the crowd of ice
c r e a m eaters and bargain
FOR MANY observers, the
local fairs are old hat and
merely one of many stops on an
annual tour of art- fairs they
attend to sell their work.
"This is my livelihood," zoys
painter Emanual Scharv of the
fairs. "I like the excitement
Like numerous other exhibit-
ors, Schary prefers the open-
air fairs to the more formal in-
'THIS IS something I can in-
volve myself in, but in the gal-
leries, the basic reason an artist
is present is to give a certain
atmosphere or personality. They
expect the artist to act a li'lle
strange. I believe an artist
should get involved in his work
and not the act.'
While the c r o w d s pour
through the streets, stopping to
watch the jugglers and clwns
or to hear the musicians, some
artists see most of the r.stivi-
ties as extraneous.
For painter Jerry Stang, the
atmosphere "is neither here nor
'If your e it to make a liv-
ing, you must go where it is.
This is just fine-I enjoy meet-
NOT ALL of the participants
in the fairs depend on their ex-
hibits for a living. As a result,
these persons are far more ap-
preciative of the atmosphere
that maktes Ann Arbor's fairs
among the best.
Jewelry craftsman Gershon
Podlish of Cincinnati lauds "the
ambience of the campus," call-
ing the shoppers "a polite crowd.
Others are boisterous, rowdy
and lacking in the demeanor of
a summer arts fair," he says.
Other artists use the fairs as
an opportunity to get feedback
on their work.
"IT'S NOT really for money,
but mainly to see if I want to
make a living this way," ex-
plains University student Vic-
Many of the exhibitors say
they have returned year after
year to the local exhiibtions;
subsequently, a certain camara-
derie has developed-
"How we doin' over there?"
an artist asks a neighbor who
is diligently chipping away at
a slab of wood. "What do we
got, Saint Christopher?"
"SAINT FRANCIS?" another
Despite the enthusiasm for the
fair from both exhibitors and
patrons, some Street Fair vet-
err-s have become highly criti-
cal of the commercialism, the
See ART, Page 5
By BROOKS JACKSi
Associated Press Wri
WASHINGTON (A) - Severalr
House are quietly collecting dona
they make no public accounti
treating the proceeds as personal
The stated purpose of the mon
official office expenses not reim
government, but the funds also s
purpose. Questions are being raise
they should be disclosed like c
and about whether unions and co
legally chip in.
SOME EXAMPLES that have su
-Rep. Charles Rangel (D-N.Y.
in a single day for his "Rang
Fund", which a spokesperson sa
mass-mailed newsletters and to b
stituents to Washington. The aide
tends to report the proceeds as in.
returns and to deduct outlaysa
House rejects bid to
oust intelligence unit
WASHINGTON (P) - Turning aside assertions that the House
Select Intelligence Committee is a threat to U.S. intelligence
agencies, the House overwhelmingly rejected an effort yesterday
to abolish it.
The 293-122 vote against abolishing the ommit'ee clea-ed the
way for approval, possibly today, of replacing it with a new panel
headed by Rep. Otis Pike (D-N.Y.).
PIKE, who headed the House inquiry into the seizure of the
spy ship Pueblo, is Speaker Carl Albert's choice to replace Rep.
Lucien Nedzi (D-Mich.) as chairman of the intelligence commit-
tee, which has been torn with dissension.
Supporters of the effort to abolish the committee included Rep.
Samuel Stratton (D-N.Y.) who said some present members already
have shown an inclination to leak dramatic disclosures against
the Central Intelligence Agency.
"You simply can't keep the intelligence agencies on the front
pages day after day detailing one exploit after another without
doing great damage to them," Stratton said.
BUT REP. Peter Peyser (R-N.Y.), said lie would not vote
to abolish the House probe because "I do not want to be part
of what may be a cover-up of the CIA."
A member of the present select committee, Rep. Robert Giaimo,
(D-Conn.) said the panel members do not want to damage U.S.
"I want an effective intelligence operation but I don't want to
see a secret government deciding for itself what is proper," Giaimo
said. "That is what we must investigate."
te dpolitica funds
o House members
ON - penses.
iter -Rep. Charles Wilson (D-Tex.), received a
members of the $500 donation from the Marine Engineers union
itions for which for what he calls his "communications fund",
ng, sometimes which a spokesperson said pays for newsletters.
income. He declined to disclose who else donated to the
ey is to defray fund, or to make a detailed disclosure of the
ibursed by the fund's spending.
erve a political -Freshman Rep. Thomas Harkin (D-lowa),
d about whether raised at least $900 from three labor union po-
ampaign funds, litical trusts for his "Fifth District Constituency
rporations may Service Fund", and an aide said he purposefully
omitted public disclosure of the fund. When ques-
rfaced recently: otined about it, the aide said Harkin might make
), raised $5,200 a public accounting in three to six months.
gel Educational -Rep. Wlliam Clay (D-Mo.), raised money
id will pay for from groups including political funds run by the
ring young con- Teamsters union and a giant dairy-farmer cooper-
said Rangel in- ative for his newlycreated "Bill Clay Education-
come on his tax al Fund."
as business ex- See POLITICAL, Page 9