The Michigan Daily
Vol. LXXXV, No. 42-S Ann Arbor, Michigan-Wednesday, July 16, 1975 Ten Cents Twelve Pages plus Supplement
RENDEZVOUS SET FOR TOMORROW
Apolo-Soyuz flghts begin
By AP and UPI
SPACE CENTER, Houston - Three American astro-
nauts rode a powerful Saturn rocket into orbit yester-
day and began maneuvering for an historic space dock-
ing on Thursday with two Soviet cosmonauts.
Brigadier General Thomas Stafford, Donald "Deke"
Slayton and Vance Brand lifted off from a Cape Ca-
naveral launch pad seven and a half hours after their
Russian counterparts rocketed away from their desert
space complex in central Asia.
THE TWIN launches of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Proj-
ect (ASTP) formed a perfect beginning to the joint
mission which will culminate tomorrow and Friday
with joint experiments, activities and ceremonies from
the two spacecraft.
A few hours after their 3:50 p.m. (EDT) liftoff, the
astronauts fired the propulsion engine on the Apollo
craft in the first of a series of maneuvers that will
carry them to a rendezvous with the Soviets 140 miles
Brand described the brief firing as "sort of like be-
ing bumped by a truck."
The astronauts made a second, more powerful rocket
firing at 9:30 p.m. (EDT) to settle their spacecraft into
an orbit of 147 by 107 miles.
THE SUCCESSFUL day in space began at 8:20 a.m.
(EDT) when Soviet cosmonauts Alexei Leonov and
Valeri Kubasov were fired into orbit aboard Soyuz 19
from the Tyuratam space center. The event marked
the first time in history that a Soviet countdown and
launch were broadcast live to the Russian people and
"Everything is normal, everything is perfect," Leon-
ov, the Soviet commander reported moments later. "We
are in good health."
Stafford, Brand and Slayton were asleep during the
Soviet launch, but were shown a videotape replay dur-
ing their traditional pre-launch breakfast of steak and
IN A MESSAGE relayed to the cosmonauts, the
American trio said: "Congratulations on a great
The Americans' ride into space included live tele-
vision shots of Brand and Stafford from an on-board
camera, another space first. A similar camera aboard
the Soyuz filed and returned no pictures.
See APOLLO, Page 9
Art Fair opens today
It's that time of year again when artists and
artisans flock from all over the nation to display
their wares on the city's streets in the annual
Ann Arbor Art Fair.
This year's art extravaganza, which should be
in full swing this afternoon, promises to be bigger
than ever with a variety of exhibits that will hold
something for everyone. Displays will range from
sculpture to tapestries to photography, while
dancers and actors will provide added enter-
For more information on the gala event, see
The Daily's special Art Fair Supplement included
in this issue.
THE AMERICAN half of the landmark Apollo-Soyuz space mission set to launch yesterday from Cape
Canaveral, Fla. The three American astronauts lifted off yesterday only seven-and-a-half hours after.
their Soviet counterparts rocketed away from their desert complex in central Asia. 'rhe first international
space rendezvous in history is set for tomorrow.
- ---- - ~~----
Se na te opposes end
to oil pice con trols
WASHINGTON (P)-The Senate acted yesterday to dare . . . I know Jerry Ford. He's smarter than that."
prevent the abrupt removal of controls from domestic Ford has proposed that the controls be phased out
oil prices and to require Detroit to build more effi- over 30 months and may send that plan to Congress
cient cars. today. Unless the controls are extended, however, they
On a 63-21 vote, senators approved a bill subjecting won't be there to phase out.
automakers to stiff penalties if they fail to increase Passage of the extension marks another stage in
the average car's gasoline mileage by 50 per cent in the battle between Congress and the President over
five years and by 100 per cent by 1985. national energy policy.
ACTION ON that bill came a few hours after the FORD HAS proposed that the nation reduce its de-
Senate, on a 62-29 vote, passed and sent to the House pendence on foreign oil by forcing conservation through
legislation extending through March 1, 1976, the govern- higher prices and taxes.
meat's authority to control the price of oil. The Democrats, who control Congress, generally
Control authority, which keeps the price of about reject Ford's program on grounds it would hamper
60 per cent of American-produced oil frozen at $5.25 effects to ,rejuvenate the U.S. economy and would im-
a barrel, is scheduled to expire Aug. 31. pose an undue burden on the poor. Instead, they advo-
Sen. Henry Jackson (D-Wash.) said if the measure cate various programs of mandatory conservation.
expires Americans would face a $19-billion-a-year in- Presidential Press Secretary Ron Nessen criticized
crease in energy costs. And House Speaker Carl Albert Congress again yesterday for refusing "to give the
said the House will act as soon as possible on extending American people their refund" in-the form of rebates
the authority. on gasoline.
ASKED IF HE thought President Ford would veto HE 'SAID THAT "the Democratic Congress is with-
the extension, Albert said, "If he does, the wrath of holding and denying the American people the billions
the nation will- fall on his head. I don't think he would See SENATI,.Page 10