The .Michigan Daily
Vol. LXXXV, No. 35-S Ann Arbor, Michigan-Wednesday, June 25, 1975 Sixteen Pages
Over 100 killed in jet crash
a ~~ uenug Lightning possible
NEW YORK (IP: - An Eastern Airlines 727 jetliner
coming in for a landing in a thunderstorm crashed
and burned just short of Kennedy airport Tuesday,
killing more than 101 persons aboard.
With 115 passengers and eight crew members
aboard,, the plane was on a nonstop flight from New
AT LEAST two eyewitnesses reported seeing light-
ning strike the aircraft just before it tore through
three landing approach light stanchions and plowed
into an ares of parkland north of the airport. As it
skidded along the ground, the big airliner spun across
heavily travelled Rockaway Boulevard, but did not
strike any vehicles. Then it flipped upside down.
"It was full of smoke, people were screaming and
yelling," said the first doctor to reach the wreckage.
The death toll approached in magnitude the 1t1 per-
sons killed when an Alaska Airlines 727 struck a moun-
tain near Juneau in 1971 in one of the nation's worst
single plane disasters.
See NEW, Page
FIRE FIGHTERS work around a ragged piece of the fuselage of an Eastern Airlines 727 jet that crashed
during a heavy rainstorm yesterday near Kennedy Al rport in New York while en route from New Orleans.
More than 100 persons were reported killed.
US ok'd wiretaps
WASHINGTON IP) - Atty. Geo. Ed- Kennedy released the contents of
ward Levi said yesterday the Justice Levi's letter without commenting.
Oepartment authorized warrantless na-
tional security wiretaps on 141 persons THE ATTORNEY general gave tbese.
last year, a significant increase over the totals of the nttmber of subjects of
average during the previous five years. telephone wiretapping over the past sixt
In addition, he said, FBI agents, again years: 1969, 113; 1970, 90; 1971, 17; 1972,
acting with the attorney general's ex- 1,2 1973, 116; 1974, 149.
press and required approval, installed He gave these totals of the subjects
bidden listening devices to pick up con- of microphone surveillance: 1969, 14;
versations of an additional 32 persons. 1976, 19; 1971, 16; 1972, 31; 1973, 31; 1974,
IN A letter to Sen. Edward Kennedy,
(0-Mass.), chairman of a Judiciary sub-.
cotnmittee concerned with wiretapping
and other forms of electronic surveil-
lance, Levi echoed his predecessors in
saying such practices are legal.
"Based on an examination of the rele-
vant precedents, it is the position of the
D~epartment of Justice that the execo-
thve may conduct electronic surveillance
in the interests of national security and
fsreign intelligence, and in aid of his
conduct of the nation's foreign affairs,
without obtaining a judicial warrant,"
Don't be surprised if you don't get
your copy of The Daily tomorrow be-
cause we're going on vacation for the
next 11 days-publication will resume
on July 1 and will continue through
Aug. 20 for summer term. Call 764-
0551 for subscription information.
If, on the other hand, you would like
In join our staff as a writer for news,
editorial or arts-stop by our second
flodr offices at 420 Maynard St. any-
time next term.
Ouring the first four months of 1975
the maximum number of telephone wire-
taps in operation at any one time was
91 and the minimum was 67, Levi said.
He said the maximum number of micro-
phone surveillances in operation was
20 and the minimum was 9.
ON APRIL 1, 1975, there were 75 tele-
phone and 15 microphone surveillances
in operation, Levi said.
The attorney general made the report
one day after a U. S. Court of Appeals
declared that a national security claim
does not justify tapping the telephones
of domestic organizations without a war-
"These figures do not, of course, in-
dicate the number of persons whose con-
versations were intercepted, but rather
only the number of subjects to whom
the surveillance was directed," Levi
Kennedy said he will schedule an early
hearing to explore the situation and to
develop legislation setting standards
and limitations in the, field of warrant-
"Both the Congress and the adminis-
tration must work to develop and publi-
cize safeguards in order to allay the
fears and sulpicions of widespread, un-.
restrained governmental intrusions into
the private lives of our citizens," Ken-
SAMORA MOISES Machel, the new president of now-independent Mozambique,
expresses obvious delight as he is greeted at Lourenco Marques airport. The
East African nation is ending 500 years of Portuguese colonial rule.
an independent nation
LOURENCO MARQUES, Mozambique
I/Pi - The East African territory of Mo-
zambique became an independent na-
tion yesterday at midnight after nearly
five centuries of Portuguese colonial
More than 50,000 exuberant Mozam-
bicans at Machava football stadium
watched as the red and green flag of
Portugal was lowered for the last time.
It was replaced by the national flag of
Mozumbique whose green, white, black
and yellow etripes and red triangle hung
limp in the sultry African night under
the glare of powerful floodlights.
MOZAMBIQUE, the 43rd independent
state in Africa since colonial flags first
begun to fall, will be officially known
as the People's Republic of Mozam-
bique, reflecting the revolutionary so-
cialism of the country's new leadership.
Samora Moises Machel, the bearded
41-year-old revolutionary leader of this
nation of 8%/ million, will be officiall
sworn is as president this morning.
Machel fought a 10-year guerrilla war
against Portuguese colonial forces. On
Monday he staged a triumphant return
to Lourenco Marques where he was
greeted by tens of thousands of cheering
HUNDREDS of delegates from other
African states, Third World and Com-
munist countries were on band for the
See MOZAMBIQUE, Page 7