Page Ten THE MICHIGAN DAILY Tuesday, June 24, 1975
Soviet cosmonauts set 30-day Supreme Court postpones
endurance record in Soyuz 18 capital punishment ruling
MOSCOW (AP)-Two cosmonauts spent their 30th
day in space yesterday, surpassing the Soviet en-
durance record set by the last crew who worked
aboard the same orbiting Salyut 4 laboratory.
The Soviets would still have to remain in space
for 54 more days, however, to surpass the human
endurance record set by three U.S. Skylab as-
tronauts last year.
AIR FORCE Lt. Col. Pyotr Klimuk, and civilian
engineer Vitaly Sevastyanov passed the previous
Soviet record for time in space of 29 days, 13
hours and 20 minutes.
"Klimuk and Sevastyanov feel well," the So-
viet news agency Tass, said. "The onboard sys-
tems of the stationare functioning normally."
The official news agency gave no hint as to
when the Soyuz 18 cosmonauts were due to re-
turn to earth, but it seemed that it would not be
USUALLY, A return to earth is preceded by,
reports about packing up scientific instruments
and "conserving" onboard systems, but the re-
ports so far indicate the cosmonauts are contin-
sing their daily work routine.
In another 23 days, the Soviets plan to launch
a two-man spacecraft into orbit to dock with
three American astronauts for history's first two-
nation manned venture in space, the Apollo-So-
yuz test project.
While it is believed the Soviets have the mis-
sion control capabilities of overseeing two man-
ned space projects at once, Western observers
have questioned whether two simultaneous flights
might overburden the Soviet communications sys-
tem. The U.S. has flown two spacecraft at the
same time only once, during the Gemini pro-
There is no indication at all that the Salyut mis-
sion might be used to supplement the joint So-
viet-American flight, such as holding the Soyuz
18 crew aloft for any rescue help in case of
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much higher number than us-
ual. This term, for instance,
there were no cases to be ar-
There was speculation that
the illness of Justice William
Douglas might' have something
to do with it, although Douglas
left his hospital room to hear
arguments in the Fowler case
on April 21 and has been par-
ticipating in deciding cases
which he heard. Douglas had a
stroke Dec. 31 and is hospital-
ized in New York.
THE LEGAL Defense Fund,
which is representing Fowler,
said the 287 individuals await-
ing execution include five wo-
men - btn in North Carolina,
two in Ohio and one in Geor-
gia. Stays of execution have
been granted or are being
sought in all cases.
"We assume 'we will be able
to get the stays," said David
Kendall of the Legal Defense
Fund. "We don't think anyone
is in immediate danger of being
walked into the electric chair
or the gas chamber."
The funds lawyers contend
that the death penalty is. a
"cruel and unusual punishment"
and as such is forbidden by the
THE SUPREME Court ruled
five to four in 1972that the capi-
tal punishment laws then on the
books were unconstitutional be-
316 S. STATE
Tues.-Fri., 1 1-9
cause they gave too much dis.
cretion to juries and judges,
Thirty - two states including
North Carolina have since
passed laws designed to answer
the court's objections.
Fowler is one of about SO men
condemned to the North Caro.
lina gas chamber for crimes
committeed after the Supreme
Court's ruling but before the
new state law went into effecte
THIS WAS possible because
the state supreme court ruled
that the high court's decisisn
invalidated only that portion of
the North Carolina law which
gave the jury the power to
waive the death penalty.
Fowler was convicted of
lshooting John Griffin, a fur)me,
roommate, in an argameu t
which erupted during a
game in Raleigh, N. C. on JI'
In St. Louis, meanwhile, Mi
souri Gov. Christopher Bd nd
said he will sign the death pcc
alty bill sent him by the state
legislature earlier this mw th
It calls for the use of the g-
chamber for all persons con
victed of premeditated murder.
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