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June 11, 1975 - Image 5

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Michigan Daily, 1975-06-11

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Wednesday, June 11, 1975

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Page Five

Wednesday, June 11, 1975 THE MICHIGAN DAILY Page Five

Rockefeller probe on CIA released

SMORGASBORD1

(Continued from Page 1)
" For a six-month period in
1973, the CIA monitored long-
distance telephone calls be-
tween the U.S. and Latin Amer-
ica in an effort to identify nar-
cotics traffickers. "While the
intercept was focused on for-
eign nationals it is clear that
American citizens were parties
to many of the monitored
calls." The program was ter-
minated after the agency's
general counsel determined it
was illegal.
* At the request of the
White House, the CIA contribu-
ted more than $33,000 from its
secret budget for payment of
stationery and postage costs for
replies to persons who wrote
President Nixon following the
1970 invasion of Cambodia.
Use of the secret CIA funds ap-
parently "provided an oppor-
tunity to hide the expenditures,"
the report said.
P R E S I D E N T Ford
announced Monday night all
evidence gathered by the com-
mission would be turned over to
the Justice Department for pos-
sible criminal action as well as
to the Senate and Ho'ise com-
mittees investigating the CIA
and other U. S. intelligence ag-
encies.
The commission report makes
no recommendations for legal
action but notes that some of
the agency's domestic opera-
tions may have violated consti-
tutional rights of free speech
and protection from unreason-
able searches and seizures.
Some of the activities also may
have violated federal wiretap
laws and statutes protecting the
mails and individual tax re-
turns, the commission added.

leaders but that information has
not been made public. The
commission explained that it
did not have enough time to
complete this aspect of its in-
vestigation.
Asked what statutes might
bear on the assassination alle-
gations, a Justice Department
spokesman said the possibilities
include the Logan Act which
makes it a federal crime for an
unauthorized person to influ-
ence the foreign policy of an-
other nation and a statute mak-
ing it a federal crime for an
American to mount an illegal
expedition against a foreign
country.
IN BOTH cases, department
lawyers stressed that success-
ful prosecution would depend
on proving that the defendant
was acting without proper au-
thorization from high govern-
ment officials.
Another possibility would be
a state prosecution for murder
or consniracy to commit mur-
der. This would require a re-
view of the l-Iws where the of-
fense allegedly occurred-pa-
sibly Virginia where CIA head-
quarters are located.
The federal laws are re-
stricted by the standard five-
vear statute of limitations,
which anparently would rule
out prosecutions for any acts
committed during the Eisen-
hower. Kennedy, and Johnson
administrations and the first
year of the Nixon administra-
tion. As for a state murder pro-
secution, the statutes of limita-
tions varv from state to state
but 'sually run much longer
than five years.
THE PREVIOUSLY - report-
ed CIA domestic operations

'The mere fact that the agency has files on
American citizens is not in itself a violation.
The test is always the rurpose for which the
files were accumulated and the use made of
them thereafter.'
-The Rockefeller Commission

* A special intelligence unit and operations and therefore ex-
known as Operation CHAOS ceeded the CIA's statutory an-
which, beginning in 1967, "be- thority," the commission con-
came a repository for large cluded.
quantities of information on the 0 On several occasions, the
domestic activities of American CIA placed "special coverage"
citizens." Operation CHAOS on other persons with no con-
inserted agents into domestic nection to the agency. In 1971,
dissident groups in order to es- six U. S. citizens and one for-
tablish cover for operations eigner were followed for three
abroad, compiled files on 7,200 months as the result of a report
American citizens, and develop- that they intended to assassi-
ed a computerized index of the nate then-CIA director Richard
names of more than 300,000 per- Helms and Vice President Spiro
sons and organizations. Agnew.
A L T H O U G H the stated In addition to creation of a
purpose of Operation CHAOS joint congressional oversight
was to determine whether committee, the commission re-
American dissidents had any commended that:
foreign contacts, on three oc-
casions agents were "specific- -A separate oversight panel
ally directed to collect domestic should be established within
intelligence," the panel found. the executive branch to monitor
Presidents L y n d o n John- CIA compliance with the law.
son and Richard Nixon, along -Congress should consider
with their staffs, "made con- making parts of the CIA budget
tinuing and insistent requests public.
of the CIA for detailed evalua- -CIA directors should be
tion of possible foreign involve- limited to a term of 10 years'
ment in the domestic dissident and prior intelligence experi-
scene," and it was these White ence should not be a require-
House demands which "seem to ment for the job.
have encouraged top CIA man- -Portions of the Operation
agement to stretch and, on some CHAOS files which have no for-
occasions, to exceed" the ag- eign intelligence value should
ency charter, the report said. be destroyed by the agency aft-
0 A 1967 program which "at er the current congressional
first monitored, but later infil- investigations have been com-
trated, dissident organiztaions pleted.
in the Washington, D. C., area -Legislation should be enact-
to determine if the groups plan- ed making it a crime for CIA
ned any activities against CIA employes or former employes to
or other government installa- divulge classified information.
tions." The agency's Office of -With certain exceptions, the
Security produced weekly re- President should prohibit the
ports "analyzing dissident ac- CIA from collecting information
tivities and providing calendars about the domestic activities of
of future events." U. S. citizens. According to the
THE OPERATION was grad- commission, Americans lawful-
ually expanded to include a to- ly subject to CIA investigation
tal of 16 organizations ranging should include persons who
from the Black Panthers to the have some link to the agency,
Washington Urban League. who pose a clear threat to CIA
"The agency's infiltration of facilities or who are suspected
dissident groups in the Washing- of espionage.
ton area went far beyond steps In all, the commission found
necessary to protect the agen- that the CIA maintains files on
cy's own facilities, personnel 57,000 Americans.
eerf h n Theatre Phone 62-6264
Tues.-Thurs. at 7 & 9 Call Theater for Showtimes!
W en 6:45 Expect allthat the
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Expect the truth.
Reincarrabon
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AM P U S Wed. at 1 -3-5-7-9 p.m.
Wed, is BARGAIN DAY at all
Theatre Phone 668-6416 Butterfield Theatres - Until
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Emanuel L.Wolf presents
an Arthur.Cohn-Marina Cicogna
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starrin loriidaBoikan.Directed by Vitorio oCSica,
Produced by Arthur Cohn and Marina ci'ane
o. r" . AAn Allied Artia Reluse aa 11i.1

WEDNESDAYS 6-9 p.m.
AND
SATURDAYS 6-9 p.m.
$4.95
1. cold vichysoisse
3. potatoes anna
4. shrimp newburgh
5. boenf brguingnone
6. rice
7. swedish meat bains
8. vermicelli
9. breaded eal cutlet
10. fresh garden green
II. tarracon peas
12. egguniant parmesan
1,. beef oriental
14. veal hearts
"5hcken giiets
16. cheese casserole
17. sied beef
18. fried chicken
19. barbecued ribs
20. fried cod fish
21. black olives
22. greek olives
23. green olives
24. dill pickles
25. celer
26. carros
07. green loions
28. crab appies
29. red peppers
30. radishes
31. corn salad
32 siced ccumbers
with sourcream
33. sieed tomatoes
with fresh diii
34 rdhonsalad
3.Zk ean sld
3.liia ian ereen peppers
3 ereek 'tffed eggplants
31. sced bees
39. ar'ic sauce
40 he-ring
41. portuuese sardines
42. anchovies
:;. cod fish caviar mousse
44. end fish red caviar
45. liver pate
46. sred Iambon
47. sliced salami
48. sliced cold turkey
49. chicken salad
50. russian fish salad
51. tuna fish salad
52. cottage cheese
53. sliced mushrooms in
dill saucen
54. eggrils
55. hot mstard sauce
56. stuffed eggs bonnefemme
57. coe saw
5, cold salmon
59. fresh tuna in soy sac
60. butter
61. home made bread
62. sced tongue
63. horse radish sancer
64. chicken wings Japanese
65. fried squid
66. smoked pork chops
67. potato salad
61. russian salad
s9. macarnis alad
70. jelried fruit salad
71. tossed green salad
22. chef's dressing
73. french dressing
74. 1000 island dressing
75. russian dressing
76. tartar sauce
77. hot sauce
78. bacon crumbs
79. croutons
11. parmesan cheese
81. sliced onions
82. eggpiant salad
83. cocktail sausage
84. hors deouvres
85. stuffed grapeleaes
86. greek feta cheese
'7. swiss cheese
88. cheddar cheese
89. bread pudding
90 r epuddin
91. ceme caramel.
92. baked apples
93. house cake
34. peaches
95. mandarin oranges
96. orange sliced candies
97. bananas
98. grapes
9..appri
100. watermelon balls
102 S. First, Ann Arbor
663-2401

The Commission said that
"the mere fact that the agency
has files on or containing the
names of American. citizens is
not in itself a violation" of the
1947 National Security Act es-
tablishing the CIA. "The test is
always the purpose for which
the files were accumulated and
the use made of them thereaf-
ter," the commission said.
A JUSTICE Department
spokesman said officials have
begun an informal review of
laws which might apply to the
domestic activities, including
the federal statutes making it a
crime to violate a citizen's civil
rights.
The Rockefeller Commission
also gathered information on al-
leged CIA involvement in assas-
sination plots against foreign

confirmed and detailed by the
commission report included:
t A 20-year program of mail
surveillance between the U. S.
and the Soviet Union which in-
volved the handling of up to 4.3
million pieces of mail a year
and opened as many as 13,000
letters a year. A second, more
limited project involved the
surveillance of mail between
the United States and the Far
East while a third project op-
ened and photographed 200
items of international mail
passing through the United
States.
The CIA "was aware that the
program would be viewed as
violating federal criminal laws"
which prohibit obstruction or
delay of the mails, the report
said.

ROBERT BRESSON in 1956
A MAN ESCAPED
A resistance hero escapes from a Nazi prison
camp. Based on an actual event, this French
film recreates the horrors and fears of men in
prison in contrast. to the determination of one
to escape, Short: Leni Riefen Stahl's DAY OF
FREEDOM.
FRI.: Laurence Olivier in WUTHERING HEIGHTSA
Tanightt OLD ARCH. AUD.
Cinema aGui d 7:30&
7:0& AOM. ONLY $1

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