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May 23, 1975 - Image 3

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1975-05-23

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Friday, May#}+ 23, 1975 THE MICHIGAN DAILY Page Three
Americans beginb6 pullout 'jjjjj~
aLas prtsscotne:

VIENTIANE, Laos (IP)-Eigh-
teen Americans and other for-
eigners held by student dem-
onstrators in a southern Lao-
tian town for nine days were
flown to Thailand yesterday.
Secretary of State Henry Kis-
singer said there will be a
"substantial reduction" of the
1,000-strong U. S. presence in
Laos because of the harassment
of Americans by leftist stu-
The developments came as
three Americans, including two
U. S. Marine guards, remained
held in a U. S. aid compound in
Vientiane and the Communist-
dominated government decided
to end a 24-year-old American
aid program.
uated Americans from Cambo-
dia before it fell April 17 and
from Vietnam before , it sur-
rendered to the Communists on
April 30. But Kissinger told
newsmen in Ankara, Turkey,
that the departures from Vien-
tiane, starting today, are not
considered a complete evacua-
tion "at this point."
A U. S. Embassy spokesman
in Vientiane, who called the de-
partures an "accelerated with-
drawal," said the Americans
wold leave by chartered Royal
Air Lao jet and that "hundreds
of Americans would be flown
out in the near future."
Volume LXXXV, No. 13-
Friday. May 23, 1975
is eited oand ,manaed ly stdnts
at theUivetrsity af Mchgn Nes
ptoe 764-052. Second etss posta
paid at Ann Arbor. Michigan 4106.
Published d a i t y Ttesday through
Sundym or4ing durinthe tUter-
sittyneart 420 Moved Street. Ano
Arbor. Michigan 48104. Sbscription
rates: $16 by carrier (campus areaot:
$11oatmlt(Michigan and Ohio)tt-
etanon-local mail (other states and
Smersessots vtputsed Ts-
Byythrouh SatrayN A osntg
SuAscrbptonrats $5.55 tarrere
ttnpts anee); $6.es-socsentmtt
(Michigansnd Ohi ta 6.50e ton-
loatmnaltthetatesgand fyeh
Bakeryco -
to reduce f
Ann Arbor boasts a wide ar-
ray of cooperative organiza-
ions, including vegetable and
fruit, meat, housing and maybe
even chicken "co-ops". But
somehow the bread and cake-
loving population of this town
has been neglected - until
"We think the community
really needs a co-op bakery,"
said Barney Kaminsky, one of
the workers involved in setting
up the prospective Wildflour
Community Bakery Co-opera-
A C C 4 R DI N G to Kamin-
sky, the bakery co-op void will
be filled when Wildflour opens
for business at 28 N. Fourth
Avenue. Meanwhile, the pre-
paratory stages - including the
assembly of a sixteen-shelf ro-
tary oven - are well under-
The bakery's principal pur-
pose will be to provide the
community with whole grain
baked goods at reasonable pric-
es. The organizers hope to ac-
complish this by operating as a
non-profit collective in which
volunteered services will play
an important role.
"Anyone can come in and
work on a baking crew, That's
what this place is going to be
run on, a lot of people with a

The Americans and foreigners
in the southern town of Savan-
nakhet were flown to Thailand
aboard a U. S. plane. Most of
the Americans were officials of
the U. S. Agency for Interna-
tional Development, which the
student demonstrators opposed.
Previously, the embassy listed
12 Americans held in the town.
ft gave no reason for the
change but communications
with Savannakhet over the past
week have been restricted to
brief radio contacts.
doctors gave vaccination shots
to American wives and chil-
dren at the gates of the main
housing compound prior to their
departure. Other Americans
with 'their dogs, children with
bicycles and women in curlers
stood at the chain link fence
looking out.
About 400 Americans were
confined to the main housing
compound four miles south of
Vientiane. Pathet Lao guards,
armed with rocket launchers,
searched every car that came
out of the Florida-style suburb
known as "Levittown on the
Mekong." They seized cameras
and other valuable items.
With a major U. S. aid in-
stallation in Vientiane occupied
by a sit-in student demonstra-
tion and other U. S. AID offices
throughout the country wrecked
and abandoned, U. S. officials
were busy arranging flights to
lift out the women and chil-
THE EMBASSY s p o k e s-
man said mst of the firstkevac-
uees would be AID employes
and their dependents, although
some embassv emploves had
been selected to leave the coun-
try. The embassy had been try-
ing for several days to arrange
for charter flights bts report-
cdlv had little cooperation from
the Laotian government.
Most of those scheduled to
leave had their passports in
op plans
:ood costs
lot of energy," Kaminsky ex-
co - op's democratic structure,
he added, "Anyone can walk in
and have a hand in the deci-
sion-making process."
In its infancy, the bakery will
concentrate primarily on pro-
ducing a variety of whole-grain
breads as well as granola.
In time, the collective work-
ers hope to expand into sweet
goods. "If someone offers to
work who likes baking pastries,
then I guess we'll start making
them," said Kaminky.
T H E MARKUP from whole-
sale to retail prices will not be
very substantial, according to
the bakery co-op workers. They
hope to sell each leaf of bread
for SO cents. Groups desiring
bulk quantities may expect a
further discount.
Kaminsky claims that the co-
op does not wish to compete
with other Ann Arbor baker-
ies. "We're not in it for the
money, so our prices will for-
tunately be low," he explained.
Any profit made from the
bakery venture will initially be
used to pay -back the $3,006 in
loans which helped get the co-
op started. Any additional pro-
fits thereafter will go into im-
provements and expansion.

. Doly Photo bv AULINE LutN s
THE WARM, sultry weather of the past few days slows down the pace of everyone-
whether man or beast. A Daily photographer ran mio this sly fellow out for a cool, re-
freshing ride and a few minutes of restful sun yesterday morning.
House passes bill to repeal

air trade
Prices on some national brand
items in Michigan could drop
19 to 38 per cent as the result
of action in the House to repeal
the state's fair trade law.
On T u e s d a y, the House
passed a bill 92 to 9 to repeal
the law, officially titled the Re-
sale Price Act of 1937. The bill
was enacted to protect small
businessmen from being un-
dersold by large chain com-
"THE LAW was never de-
signed to protect the consum-
er," said a representative of
A'torney General Frank Kel-
ley. "All it does is protect the
Under the fair trade system,
all stores are required to sell
certain merchandise at a price
fixed by the manufacturer. In
Michigan, electronic equipment,
watches, cosmetics, cameras,
and clothing typically carry
higher prices because of fair
trade regulations.
A six-piece Corning Ware set
that sells in non-fair trade
states for $7.84, for example, re-
tails in Michigan at $12.88. A
Sony color television set costs
$570 in Michigan, but may be
purchased out of state for as
little as $450.
repeal bill's sponsor, admits
that an end to fair trade pricing
practices will probably help
large retailers; such as Meijer's
Thrifty Acres, more than small
"So many more of Meijer's
products are fair-traded," ex-
plained Keey's spokesperson.
"145 of their vendors carry fair.
trade items."
The key to fair-traded items
is asmall notice on the label

law, lower prices

stating that the goods are sold
at the lowest possible price un-
der Federal regulations.
"THERE'S A nationwide re-
cognition that these laws are
antiquated," says Bullard.
According to Library of Con-
gress figures, consumers could
save $2.1 billion a year nation-
wide if fair trade acts were re-
pealed. Oregon, Washington,
and New York have already re-
pealed similar legislation this
There is also some agitation
in Washington to repeal the an-
ti-trust laws, under which the

fair trade acts were possible.
"It's hard to say if national
companies will lose money on
this. It's possible," says Bul-
lard, but he points out that high-
er prices usually mean a drop
in the number of sales.
"The repeal of fair trade will
cut down on their profits," Kel-
ley's representative claims,
"but Corning Ware and similar
companies must be making pro-
fits in non-fair trade states.
"This kind of price-fixing
legislation is something this of-
fice is philosophically opposed
to," he concluded.

'U' needs $5 million for-

fall financial
Increased demand for tuition
assistance without a correspond-
ing raise in state appropriations
will leave the University about
$5 million short of what it needs
to carry out a full-strength fi-
nancial program next fall, ad-
ministration officials have pro-
"It's going to be a tough
year," said Thomas Butts, di-
rector of the Office of Student
Financial Aid. "The problem we
have is that we must relate the
available dollars to the need of
the students."
BUTTS COULD not speculate
how many students might be
affected by the fund shortage.
"It's very hard to project that
kind of thing until the legisla-
ture acts and the University's
budget is finalized," he explain-
ed. "It's a function of what

aid program
happens in the next month or
two in finalizing student aid
He added, however, that the
University's ability to meet its
commitment to a 10 per cent
minority enrollment would prob-
ably not be adversely affected.
"I think we'll be able to sup-
port these students at least at
the undergraduate level," he
"THE GOVERNOR has rec-
ommended an increase in- the
state scholarship program (the
Michigan Competitive system),
and that will help somewhat,"
he noted,
"And there are new federal
dollars coming into the system.
That program is going to be
fully funded with a $1,400 maxi-
mum award, with more students
eligible to apply."

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