Ann Arbor, Michigan + Ten Cents
Vol. LXXXVIII, No. 44-S
Saturday, July 15, 1978
gets 13 years
WEST GERMAN CHANCELLOR Helmut Schmidt and President Carter went
walking along the Rhine River yesterday in Bonn, Germany.garter is meeting
with several European leaders for special summit conferences.
Carter says verdict
violates hu-man rigahts
BONN, West Germany (AP) - criticism at an impromptu news con-
President Carter said yesterday that ference with West German Chancellor
the prison sentence given Soviet Helmut Schmidt on the first full day of
dissident Anatoly Shcharansky has his four-day visit here and in a
produced "a sadness the whole world statement issued after Shcharansky's
feels" and accused the Soviet Union of sentence of 13 years at hard labor was
once again violating its pledge to announced.
respect human rights. "We are all sobered by this reminder
"Our voice will not be stilled" in that, so late in the 20th century, a-per-
defense of people whose rights are son can be sent to jail simply for asser-
being violated, the President said. ting his basic human rights," Carter
said in the statement.
CARTER VOICED his sharp See CARTER, Page 6
By ELIZABETH SLOWIK
The Battle of the Bulge, Bunker Hill,
Napoleon's conquests, along with other
famous wars and battles rage inside
Bursley Hall this weekend;but there
will be no bayonets mounted nor bombs
Over one thousand war game en-
thusiasts invaded North Campus
yesterday and will stay through until
Sunday plotting strategies, blowing up
enemy camps, and avoiding land mines
on cloth and board games with half-inch
ORIGINS 78, as the war gaming con-
vention is named, will attract close to
three thousand "gamers" throughout
the weekend with tournaments,
seminars, lectures, demonstrations,
- :., n t rthC..AmiPRRAPS I FCSTER had naved a
MOSCOW (AP) - Anatoly Shcharan-
sky, whose dream of a home in Israel
drew him into a fateful clash with the
Soviet system, was convicted of
treasonous espionage and anti-Soviet
agitation yesterday and sentenced to 13
years at hard labor.
The .verdict capped an 18-month
Kremlin campaign against dissidents
and may foreshadow a new
deterioration in East-West detente.
SHCHARANSKY'S brother said the
30-year-old dissident was quietly
defiant in his closing statement to the
court, vowing, impossibly, "Next year
in Jerusalem!" the ancient rallying cry
of scattered Jewry.
As word of the verdict reached them,
a crowd of 75 supporters outside the
courthouse hummed a Jewish hymn.
Standing among them, Shcharansky's
70-year-old mother sobbed, "They
carried out the lie, the utter lie, right up
to the last minute! They never once
said a word of truth!"
The Soviet Supreme Court issued a
statement saying Shcharansky, who
joined the dissident movement after his
efforts to emigrate to Israel were rejec-
ted, had committed "particularly
dangerous crimes against the state."
HE WAS found "guilty of betrayal of
the homeland in the form of espionage
and of giving assistance to a foreign
state in hostile activity against the
U.S.S.R., as well as of conducting anti-
Soviet agitation and propaganda," said
the statement, reported by the official
Tass news agency.
Shcharansky had been accused of
supplying state secrets to U.S. in-
telligence agents - a charge personally
denied by President Carter - and of
distributing anti-government materials
under what authorities called the guise
of human rights.
In Washington, reaction to the verdict
was swift. Some senators called for
immediate retaliation against Moscow,
possibly withholding technological aid.
The conviction is an "insult to the word
of the President of the United States,"
said Sen. Jacob Javits (R-N.Y.).
THE SENATE has voted to recom-
mend the Soviet dissidents for the
Nobel Peace Prize, a move that Tass
yesterday labeled "provocative."
In Israel, Deputy Prime Minister
Yigael Yadin called the sentencing of
the Jewish activist a futile attempt to
throttle Russian Jewish emigration.
The Soviet crackdown that began
early last year has decimated the
dissident corps in Moscow, leaving
physicist Andrei Sakharov as one of the
few prominent human rights activists
out of jail.
See PRISON, Page6