WASHINGTON (AP) - President Carter said for the
first time yesterday that imports of manufactured
goods and not imports of oil have worsened the nation's
trade deficit and eroded the dollar.
In fact, Carter said, oil imports have decreased.
THE STATEMENT, made in interviews with foreign
correspondents, marked a significant shift in U.S.
strategy on the eve of Carter's departure today for an
economic summit conference in Germany.
Carter criticized both Japan and Germany for expor-
ting large quantities of goods to the United States
without accepting U.S. exports. "The underlying
economic problem is the very high adverse trade
balance," he said.
Administration officials had said previously Carter
probably would be criticized at the summit for not
having won enactment by Congress of his legislation to
reduce U.S. imports of oil. Other nations see oil impor-
ine n icngan loaiy-Ihursdoy, July 13,1 V/0-rage I
imported goods erode dollar
ts as the chief cause of the world trade imbalance and been credited largely to production of oil in Alaska,
the decline of the dollar. which is considered by most experts to be only a tem-
UNTIL RECENTLY, Carter took the same view. So porary solution. U.S. oil imports have averaged 7.8
did Treasury Secretary W. Michael Blumenthal, who million barrels a day in recent weeks, at an average
said in a major speech on June 30 that the Senate took daily cost of $105 million
"gravely irresponsible action" 'in voting to prevent Both Carter and Blumenthal had recently com-
Carter from enacting fees on imported oil to plained the United States was the only major nation
discourage imports. without a comprehensive energy program. But in his
But in the new late-hour shift in strategy, Carter said latest comments, Carter did not repeat that complaint.
the United States "already has been successful" in The shift in strategy apparently has the two-fold
reducing oil imports, citing recent commerce depar- purpose of heading off expected criticism from the
tment statistics showing imports down by one million leaders of the other nations at the summit and of put-
barrels a day in the first five months of this year. ting new pressure on Japan and Germany to stimulate
And he praised Congress for its handling of his their economies to increase imports of U.S. goods.
energy legislation, saying, "I think the Congress has Japan and Germany both have trade surpluses, and
made great progress already . . . I have been pleased the Japanese trade surplus with the United States will
with what the Congress has done so far." approach a record $10 billion this year if present trends
011. IMPORTS have declined but the decline has cnntinue.
Though not accustomed to
these surroundings, this cub
seems to be bearing up fairly
well. He could have chosen a bet-
ter spot to hang around, though,
as intermittent thunderstorms
moved through the Kansas City
area where he makes his home.
Don't like theeat her? Change it
clouds with chemicals to affect rainfall weather modification. Among them are
to change weather significantly The federal government should the economic benefits of deliveringT -arPhn*
th hne twoeaes fanthe establish guidelines for doing this work more water to the right places for far- Mon, Tue, Thur, F
the next two decades and the mn yreeti oe n aSn
mnmutasrthttei- and license weather modifiers for com- ming, hydroelectric power, and sot, Sun,
ment must assure that the im- adlcnewahrmdfesfrcm- municipal and industrial water sup- 1:30-3:30-5:30-
ins of producing more rain or petence, as it does airplane pilots, the municipalmandrindustrialuwaterpsup.1s30t3e300lies
nig storm damage are considered study group said. As future projects pls,a oepol oet osa
Also, as more people move to coastal
a federal advisory panel said get larger and affect many states, more areas of the country, it will become in-
lay. federal regulation may be needed, the creasingly important to decrease the
Weather Modification Advisory group said. risk from hurricanes and other severe
said in its report to Commerce The report said there aress rn storms, the report said,
Jrv ,,,,,,, Kanctat w , reasons for hastening progress in e r tsi
aecreary juanua preps LaL wea ner
modification is a new technology that
has a chance of being introduced
THE ONE-YEAR weather
modification study said the abilities to
increase rain and snowfall, and to
lessen some storm damage, are "scien-
tifically possible and within sight."
The panel predicted that by the early
1980s, scientists will be able to increase
mountain snowpacks by 10 per cent to
30 per cent. By the latter part of the
decade, rainfall in the High Plains and
Midwest could be increased 10 per cent
to 30 per cent, it concluded.
By the 1990s, the report said, it will be
possible to reduce hurricane winds by
10 per cent to 20 per cent and cut the
amount of hail in some storms by 50 per
THE GROUP, established under the
National Weather Modification Policy
Act of 1976 and charged by Congres to
recommend a national policy, said the
best approach at this stage is to ac-
celerate national research and
minimize federal regulation.
Most current weather modification
involves localized projects of seeding
The Ann Arbor Film Cooperative presents at Aud A
(John Carpenter, 1974) 7 & 10:20-Aud A
Spectacular special effects as four astronauts head "out there" to blast dark
stars. Directed by U.S.C. film school graduate Carpenter (ASSAULT ON PRE-
CINCT 13), this movie is fast becoming a cult classic. A DR. STRANGELOVE in
outer space. With Brian Narelle & Dan O'Bannon.
tRIMES OF THE FUTURE
(David Cronenberg, 1970) 0:40 only-Aud. A
The future. Cosmetics have caused the collapse of human genetics: Mil-
lions of post-pubertal females have already died of Rouge's Malady, a dis-
ease named after its diagnostician, the mad dermotologist Antoine Rouge.
His clinic, the House of Skin, is managed in its decline by his ardent disciple,
Adrian Tripod. At a loss without his master's guidance, Tripod drifts from
place to place. Meanwhile, males mutate unpredictably. "Cronenberg (RABID,
THEY CAME FROM WITHIN) is a very strong filmmaker with an ability to
create the obsessional and the bizarre from the ordinary. An utterly dis-
tinctive film"-Verina Glaessner. Midwest Premiere. Plus Short: HARD-
WARE WARS (Ernie Fosselius, Michael Wiese, 1978) "A space saga of ro-
mance, rebellion and household appliances." With Fluke Starbucker & Augie
Tomorrow: Cary Grant In THE AWFULTRUTH
& Hitchcock's SUSPICION
Sat, Sun, Wed
w man I II
Man, Tue, Thur, Fri 7:30-9:30
Sat, Sun, Wed