Sentence asked in Soviet trials
MOSCOW (AP) - The prosecution was a spy. Shcharansky faces the death were correct, Toth said, the U.S.S.R.," said a court official
asked a Soviet court in Kaluga yester- penalty on the charges. "IF I HADN'T signed it, I would have briefing reporters on the trial.
day to sentence human rights activist PRESIDENT Carter, in an interview been under a charge of perjury," he THE OFFICIAL gave no details of
Alexander Ginzburg to eight years at with European television stations, said said. "But the charge against Sh- the statement and did not mention Toth
hard labor and three years in Siberian Tuesday the Shcharansky trial "is an charansky is espionage, and there was by name. But he said it was signed by
exile, court officials said. attack on every human being" and will nothing in my statement that could be "a foreign correspondent, a witness,
Ginzburg, 41, who is charged with an- arouse worldwide condemnation of the used in an espionage case." who was questioned during preliminary
ti-Soviet agitation and propaganda, was Soviet Union." Toth said the interrogation, conduc- investigation and who cooperated with
scheduled to make his own closing Carter repeated his claim that the ted shortly before he ended his assign- the military intelligence service of a
summation today. He is accused of allegation that Shcharansky was a spy ment in the Soviet Union, covered such capitalist state." He said Shcharansky
disseminating literature hostile to the for the United States "is patently questions as where and when he met "had nothing to say" about the
Soviet Union and running a fund to aid false." Shcharansky, how the Soviet dissident statement.
dissident prisoners. Toth said yesterday in Washington helped Toth on stories and how often Toth has denied he ever worked for
In a second dissident trial, in that the statement he signed was a they met. an intelligence agency.
Moscow, the prosecution introduced a record of the interrogation by police Experts testified at a closed-door Ginzburg's wife Irina was barred
signed statement by Los Angeles Times about Shcharansky in June 1977. The session that the information Shcharan- from the Kaluga trial again yesterday
correspondent Robert Toth as evidence statement verified the proceedings of sky gave to Westerners "is absolutely because she would not promise to
that 30-year-old Anatoly Shcharansky the interrogation and that his answers secret and constitutes a state secret of refrain from outbursts in the courtroom
such as the one Tuesday when she
- e called a witness a liar.
H ou e c nde ns iss den tr alsAT THE END of the day, she talked
House conde mns dissident trals calodwH essli
G to a court doctor who she said told her
WASHINGTON (AP) - The House rights accords. resolution, Rep. Edward Derwinski, Ginzburg was suffering from high blood
approved a resolution yesterday con- The resolution does not go to (R-Ill.), said he also felt it "understates pressure. Sources attending the trial
demning the trials of political dissiden- President Carter for signature. It ex- the case." said he was'ill and had received an in-
ts in the Soviet Union, but some mem- presses a sense of Congress on the He added that Secretary of State jection.
bers continued to demand sterner ac- issue. Cyrus Vance, in the SALT talks, "had Court official Georgy Novikov said a
tion by Congress and the Carter ad- Rep. John Ashbrook, (R-Ohio), better be darn careful he doesn't sign total of 25 witnesses had been heard, in-
ministration. touched off an unexpected parliamen- an agreement with a country that has cluding seven he said testified for the
The resolution, adopted on a vote of tary wrangle by demanding that the no intention of keeping it.' defense. He said the trial could end
380-10, describes the three trials now proposal be toughened with language Rep. Jack Kemp (R-N.Y.), said Van- Friday.
under way as "deplorable events," calling for immediate suspension of ce "ought to be brought home from Ginzburg has been convicted twice
which could "impose obstacles to the U.S.-Soviet Strategic Arms Limitation Geneva" and the administration should previously of anti-Soviet agitation and
building of confidence and Treaty talks in Geneva. cancel any "high technology" licensing propaganda. Maximum sentence upon
cooperation" between the United States agreements with Moscow -- both conviction of a third offense is 10 years
and the Soviet Union. DECLARING that "nobody should suggestions raised earlier in the at hard labor and five years of exile.
It also calls on Soviet leaders "to seek have been surprised" by the Soviet ac- Senate. ACCORDING TO Ginzburg's 70-year-
a humanitarian resolution" to these tions, Ashbrook complained that the old mother, Ludmila, who has attended
cases and to work toward improving resolution's language was "little more REP. DANTE Fascell, (D-Fla.), who the trial since it opened Monday, the
the climate in U.S.-Soviet relations. than throwing wet Kleenex at them." heads the U.S. Commission on Security session yesterday was so boring that
Ashbrook sought to add a demand for and Cooperation in Europe - the so- "the audience was dozing" as the judge
WHILE endorsing the resolution, immediate suspension of the SALT called Helsinki commission - said went over many pages of prosecution
which the Senate had earlier adopted, talks and recall of U.S. negotiators until there was "no doubt that the Soviets are documents.
some House members complained that the Soviet Union agreed to abide by the on a determined course to punish all the Shcharansky is a Jewish activist.
it failed to assert strongly enough that Helsinki agreement, which the Soviets people who rely on the Helsinki accord Ginzburg, the son of a Jewish mother
the trials of Anatoly Shcharansky, signed. itself to achieve their rights under their and non-Jewish father, never has con-
Alexander Ginzburg and Viktoras The House rebuffed his demand on a own government's laws." sidered himself a Jew and says he is
Pyatkus violated the Soviets' own laws 277-120 vote, then approved the He told the House that his com- Russian Orthodox. He has been active
and the pledge of their leaders to resolution. mission plans to continue hearings on in the Soviet human rights movement.
adhere to the 1975 Helsinki human WHILE SUPPORTING the additional ways in which the Soviets
can be made to understand the extent of SHORT or LONG
U.S. displeasure with the trials. haircutting By Experts
"It is all part of a political process in
RX-cut plan p e which the United States is being DASCOLA
challenged," Fascell said. "There are STYLISTS
loud calls from many quarters for more
Q suaction. We need to speak with a resolute Arborlond-971-9975
voice, but we also need to be cautious so Maple Villoge-761-2733
WASHINGTON (AP) - A tax-cut as not to harm rather than assist the E. Liberty-668-9329
plan that Republicans insist will pay for 49 per cent to 25 per cent, f he can cause of those whom we are trying to E. University-662-0354
itself is a pipe-dream that cud edto 4th enllto ot erThent fh a get help."
coul-drth blltoaest.dheadministrationsa ___
President Carter's chief economic ad- stymied congressional action on
viser said yesterday.s,, President's tax-cut proposal.
"No way, no way" could the tax Schultze repeated Carter's posit
reduction of about 10per cent a year for that the Steiger plan would provid
the next three years spur the economy major break only to a handful
enough to bring in more revenue than it wealthy investors and would
would cost the Treasury, Charles welh instradwod
Schultze, cha a of the ouniof stimulate investment as well as the
Economic Advisers, told the House bilo oroaeta eutinbc
Budget Committee .by the administration as part of the
His criticism of the plan, sponsored billion general tax cut.
by Sen. William Roth, (R-Del.), and And the capital gains tax is not
Rep. Jack Kemp, (R-N.Y.), provided burdensome anyway, Schultze ad
the most thorough Democratic respon- The average rate paid in 1976 waso
se yet to the bill that Republicans have about 16 per cent, far below
vowed to make a national issue in this maximum of 49 per cent plus, he said
TREASURY Secretary Michael
Blumenthal used the same forum to
pitch for Carter's own one-year, $15 A Happenng
billion tax-cut plan and to assail the 1
Roth-Kemp bill as "sheer waste." That Never Ends
The Carter administration's tax plan
is "of a magnitude appropriate to the Bowling
needs and capacity of the economy,"Pa
Blumenthal said. "As in most things in PInball
life, moderation is a virtue; too much of
a good thing will produce economic in- Band BIl3 ardi
digestion, not improved economic
health." at The U NION
REP. WILLIAM Steiger, (R-Wis.),4
seems to have the votes to cut the
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