Page 10-Tuesday, July 11 1978-The Michigan Daily
Soviet dissident policy assailed
WASHINGTON (AP) - The White
House scolded the Soviet Union yester-
day for its human rights position and
said the trials of two dissidents are a
sign of weakness and a "repressive ac-
tion which strikes at the conscience of
the entire world."
While escalating its dispute with
Moscow over human rights, the Carter
administration rejected suggestions
that it delay this week's resumption of
strategic arms limitation talks with
THE TALKS are "a question which
deals with the prospect of mutual an-
nihilation" and should not he linked
with human rights, Secretary of State
Cyrus Vance said.
But White House press secretary
Leonid Brezhnev, expressing concern
for the dissidents on trial.
Vance, leaving for Genevaz today for
arms limitation talks with the
Russians, will carry the message, said
Edward Mezvinsky, the U.S. represen-
tative to the United Nations Com-
mission on Human Rights.
VANCE IS TO meet in Geneva with
Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei
Mezvinsky mentioned the message to
Brezhnev in an address to the Greater
New York Conference on Soviet Jewry.
"We, as a nation, must stand in in-
dignation against the Soviet Union's
response to Shcharansky and others
like him," said Mezvinsky in remarks
that a spokesman said had been cleared
with the Carter administration.
AT A DAILY White House briefing,
Powell said of the Soviet trials: "If such
actions are designed to put an end to
those who seek increased human rights
within the Soviet Union, they will not do
that. If they are meant to stop this
President or others in this country from
speaking out on human rights, they will
not do that.
"If they are meant to bury the issue
of human rights in the international
community, they will not do that. In ef-
fect, they will not bury it, but most
likely raise it higher."
"A matter like this is an affront to all
those who support human rights and
dignity," Powell said.
Vance called a news conference
yesterday to announcethat he intended
to meet with Gromyko despite the start
of the trials.
Thanks for the memorabilia
ly Powell did say that "ina situation WASHINGTON (AP) - The George Washington. Curator Robert
this it is appropriate that we take a Smithsonian Institution may turn down Stewart says he's always looking for
k at other aspects of the relation- your favorite model airplane or that the best picture of a famous person, but
p" between the two countries. strange bug you caught in a pickle jar, "judging by the number of George
'owell said the trials of Anatoly Sh- but each year curators accept Washington portraits we turn down -
ransky and Alexginzburg would donations of thousands of items found about two a week - every American
vate the issue of human rights, lying in someone's attic. artist produced a Washington portrait
her than bury it and would not stop Since its founding, the Smithsonian at some time in his career."
sident Carter from speaking out on has had curators who looked with The Museum of History and
nan freedoms and dignity. varying degrees of interest on Technology has a similar problem.
donations from the public. Herbert Collins, the political history
THIS SORT of repressive action, FOR INSTANCE, during the ad- curator, says it seems every old attic in
ch strikes at the conscience of the ministration of Spencer Fullerton America contains a copy of the 19th
ire world, is a defeat not for those Baird, who became the second century reprint of the New York Herald
o advocate and work for human secretary of the Smithsonian in 1878, its Tribune's story on the assassination of
hts and human dignity, but rather it annual report listed donations of Abraham Lincoln.
defeat and a sign of weakness on the "sealed bottles containing water from Any trunks that don't have that
t of those very forces of oppression the Dead Sea ... a chicken with four reprint, he says, apparently have the
injustice which we protest," Powell legs ... a living duck." commemorative hatchet marking the
d at a daily White House briefing. But Joseph Henry, the first 100th anniversary of George
nd in New York, another presiden- secretary, was more selective. He Washington's death.
aide said Carter is sending a per- wrote that he did not want to fill the THE AIR and Space Museum is of-
al message to Soviet President Smithsonian with a "series of domestic fered as many as 50 rock samples each
feather dusters" of "grasshoppers year, with only one turning out to be a
from Indiana." real meteorite. And there are continual
40t EEvery day, people walk into what has offers of old pilot licenses or flight
PREPAREFOR:ra been called "the nation's attic," of- uniforms.
MCAT - DAT -LSAT ' GRE fering what they believe will be splen- One man offered a collection of old
did additions to the national collection. airplane cards and brochures. Those
GMAT OCAT VAT SAT Some think that what has been were turned down, but curators found
NMB I,1 , gathering dust in their own attics will he also had an interesting collection of
make curators and visitors happy.
ECFMG-FLEX-VQE SOMETIMES they're right - the in-
NAT'L DENTAL BOARDS stitution added 1% million items last C ybrook
NURSING BOARDS year, many from just plain folks. But
Flexible Programs & hours the Smithsonian turns down many more laybr
Trie.IS adifference!!! donations than it accepts. auto mi'obile-
For example, curators recently
rejected "meteorites" that turned out (ContinuedfromPage 1)
to be ordinary rocks, plastic models of of other organizations,' Austin stated.
E ONAL famous airplanes, dozens of political Austin said several state agencies are
campaign buttons and a 44-ton milling in the process of creating advisory
Test Preparation Speciatists Since 1938 machine, groups to identify and resolve problems
For Information Please Call: They also turned down what a would- involving auto safety. 4
(313) 662-3149 be donor thought was Martha "Neither Congress, the Executive Of-
For Locations In Other Cities, Call: Washington's wedding dress. It was fice, the Department of Transportation,
TOLL FREE: 800-223-1782 found to be machine-stitched, nor the states have ever made a sub-
ianans ws aAND THE National Portrait Gallery stantial commitment to actions for in-
is frequently offered paintings of creased use of restraints," he charged.
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airline maps that may be accepted.
Smithsonian curators evaluate any
offered item for authenticity and for
historic, scientific or aesthetic
significance, and judge its condition
"WHENEVER WE refuse an offer,
we try to refer the owner to a more ap-
propriate institution such as a state
historical society or a local museum,"
says the institution's registrar, Philip
But, says Collins, "Some people don't
bother to call or write. They just leave
their artifacts in the exhibition halls."
A common item left in the halls is the
insect trapped in the pickle jar - left
without a clue to the would-be donor's
- At the National Portrait Gallery,
curator Stewart recalled an unusual
walk-in offer: the artist who offered to
donate a portrait of George
Washington, saying it would be very
realistic because he was in touch with
And John White, a curator of tran-
sportation, recalls the man who offered
an elderly horse, which he said had
pulled the last horse-drawn tram
carriage in the country.
AUSTIN SAID despite the develop-
ment of passive restraint devices with
which the driver does not have to take
the initiative and buckle up, safety belts
and child restraint devices "will be a
vitally important element of the oc-
cupant protection system in our motor
vehicle population for many decades to
He pointed out that the safety belt
usage rate is about 18 per cent nation-
wide and on the decline. Only seven per
cent of young children are transported
in safe child restraints, he said.
Claybrook said in her one year tenure
as NHTA administrator, the agency has
"been a leader in the sponsorship of
medical research on human trauma."
SHE CITED the development of a
system for reporting the magnitude and
location of brain damage, increased
data on the human chest and on the
strength of femurs and ribs, and the
development of standard procedures
for examining neck injuries, as recent
Donald Huelke, University Medical
School professor who has investigated
fatal crashes in Washtenaw County,
said the conference has so far been a