43c michigan DAILY
Ann Arbor, Michigan Ten Cents
Vol. LXXXVIII. No. 33-S
Saturday, June 17, 1978
canal treaty on
GENERAL OMAR TORRIJOS embraces President Carter upon his arrival in
Panama yesterday. Carter went there to exchange treaties turning over the
Panama Canal to Panama in 2000.
Katangan rebels tell
of Cuban complicity
WASHINGTON (AP) - One source The information was provided to the
for the Carter administration's asser- U.S. government in recent days, the
tion of Cuban complicity in the Zairian sources said. They refused to identify
invasion was an account of in- the nationality of the interrogators of
terrogations of captured Katangan the captured Katangan rebels.
soldiers, U.S. intelligence sources said . But the intelligence specialists said
yesterday. they are convinced of the veracity of
The captured soldiers told their in- the information from the- prisoners,
terrogators that they were trained by See KATANGAN, Pages7
Cuhans in Angola for months before the
PANAMA CITY, Panama (AP) -
President Carter, declaring in Spanish
that "a new, more-equal relationship"
has been forged among Western
Hemispherenations, put the final, for-
mal touches on the Panama Canal
treaties yesterday and embraced
Panamanian strongman Omar
In a 22-hour visit to this troubled eity,
Carter signed protocols exchanging the
treaties with Torrijos and arranged to
confer with the Panamanian leader and
other Latin American heads of state.
"VIVA JIMMY! Vivia Omar,"
shouted schoolchildren, as Carter and
Torrijos embraced on a flower-strewn
red carpet at Tocumen Airport. More
than 9,000 youngsters lined the airport
balcony, draped with bunting.
Some of the children threw roses and
carnations at the two leaders.
Carter and Torrijos embraced a
second time after both signed the
protocols irj sweltering Panama City
colosseum. Many among the thousands
of Panamanians who watched fanned
themselves with newspapers as tem-
peratures climbed into the 80s.
FOR TORRIJOS, the president's visit
and the treay exchange fulfilled a
dream. Torrijos looked serious as he
penned the leather-bound documents.
Carter smiled and waved at the crowd.
The',treaties guarantee the canal's
neutrality and turn it over to Panama
by the year 2000.
During an arrival ceremony broad-
cast on Panamanian television, Carter
said in good but heavily accented
Spanish that he came not "as a
stranger, but as a friend and partner."
He said the treaties insure "that the
responsible long-term management of
an important international resource,
instead of being endangered, will be
"THIS IS A moment of great historic
promise," Carter said.
"Transferring control of the Panama
Canal continues and strengthens the
bond that was forged between our
nations in its building."
Shifting control of international
waterways has brought "too much
strife, too much bitterness" in the past,
the president said. Now, Carter
declared, "there will be no bloodshed,
no bitterness, no instance when the path
between the earth's two great oceans
will be closed."
SWITCHING TO English for the
signing ceremony in the colosseum,
Carter pledged that the United States
and Panama will "work as partners to
make the promise of the treaties a
He drew immediate applause when
he declared, "Our two governments
agree to maintain the neutrality and
security of the canal. At the same time,
we reaffirm our commitment to honor
national sovereignty and principles of
After years on opposite sides of the
bargaining table, Carter said, "we sit
together as partners."
READING FROM a prepared text.
Torrijos explained for the first time
how the treaties became his major
cause as chief of state.
An old man, Torrijos said, told him
Americans held the canal "because
See CANAL, Page5
incursion, said U.S. sources who
declined to be identified publicly.
The Carter administration has
charged that Cuba had prior knowledge
of the invasion but took no action to stop
it. Cuban President Fidel Castro has
conceded having foreknowledge of the
invasion, but has insisted to U.S. of-
ficials that he attempted to prevent it.
THE U.S. sources also disclosed
receipt of three separate reports
quoting Europeans as saying that from
two to four Cubans accompanied the
Katangan rebels who briefly took the
copper-mining town of Kolwezi.
This- is the last issue of the
Daily for the spring half-term.
We'll be taking a short respite,
but will resume publication
Belcher meets top Carter aide
millions of dollars and set the sewer
By JUDY RAKOWSKY federal funds which city governments plant back years" with a single
Mayor Louis Belcher was among six receive.l decision.
officials from Michigan city gover- He also compained of the ease wi The EPA must act upon a City Coun-
nments who met with President Car- which "some young EPA (Environ- TePmbac t uo iton-
erscifdmsipoiyavsr mental Protection Agency) official with cil-backed proposal for disposing of
terd's chief domestic policy advisor oa 40,000 cubic yards of sludge which sits
yesterday to complain that Carter's three years' experience could cost us on the site where the city's new sewage
domestic policies lack consideration of treatment plant is to be constructed. If
suburban and rural municipalities. EPA rejects the proposal, construction
Belcher said it was the first time ad- would be delayed and rising costs would
visor Stuart Eizenstat had discussed ; make the new plant more expensive.
the subject with local officials.
BELCHER seemed pleased with the
WASHTENAW County Commissioner attention the high-ranking ad-
Herbert Ellis and Pittsfield Township ministrator had paid to the city
Supervisor Robert Lillie were also representatives, noting that Eizenstat
among the officials at the meeting, extended the meeting at least a half-
arranged by Rep. Carl Pursell (R- hour longer than scheduled. However,
Second District). Belcher said Eizenstat left the meeting
Belcher said after the meeting, "The "mad and very upset" after listening to
administration and the President are the officials.
cutting throats and not paying attention But Eizenstat sounded neither mad
to the bulk of the population in the nor upset ina telephone interview shor-
suburbs." Belcher said he protested tly after the meeting. He said, "The
that "too many strings"are attached to Belcher See BELCHER, Page 10