Ann Arbor, Michigan Ten Cents
SPRINGFIELD, Ill. (AP) - In a five out of a required 38 states]
E's serious setback for the Equal Rights ratified the ERA. But Illinois is the
s Amendment,the Illinois House yester- northern industrial state yet to rati
day rejected the proposed federal The deadline for ERA -ratificati
amendment banning sex next March 22.
discrimination. Carter told Illinois lawmaker
to p a ss The House fell six votes short of the May 26 that their vote "might very
107 votes required in Illinois to ratify determine whether women do
- the proposal. The vote of 101 to 64 came . .. equal rights guaranteed by
barely two weeks after President Jim- United States Constitution."
I i o is my Carter traveled to Illinois and made THE DEFEAT leaves ERA sul
a personal appeal for the ERA before ters with no other resolution unde
the General Assembly. tive consideration in the Gen
IT WAS the second unfavorable vote Assembly this spring. However, a
by the House on ERA in a year. Thirty- resolution could be introduced ii
Vol. LXXXVIII, No. 26-S
Thursday, June 8, 1978
The vote came despite efforts this
spring by ERA supporters, who have
targeted Illinois as a key holdout state,
pouring at least $150,000 into intensive
Earlier in the day, Gov. James
Thompson held last-minute meetings
with Republican legislators in an effort
to round up ERA votes. A chief sponsor
of the proposal, Rep. Alan Greiman,
(D-Skokie), said he talked personally
Tuesday night with First Lady
Rosalynn Carter in a telephone call
placed for her from the White House.
in Soviet hands
ANNAPOLIS, Md. (AP) - President
Carter, in a major foreign policy ad-
dress, said yesterday the future of the
U.S.-Soviet relationship is in the hands
of Russian leaders.
"The Soviet Union can choose either
confrontation or cooperation," he told a
graduating class at the U.S. Naval
Academy in Annapolis. "The United
States is adequately prepared to meet
THE ADDRESS was billed by ad-
ministration officials as an attempt to
restore a measure of calm after news
reports which one White House official
said were "flying off the deep end" in
reporting a deterioration of relations
between the two superpowers.
The Soviets reacted quickly and
sharply to Carter's remarks, saying it
is the President and not the Kremlin
that has failed to choose between "con-
frontation or cooperation."
In a dispatch from Washington, the
Soviet news agency Tass called Car-
Jefferson Starship's lead guitarist Craig Chaquico twangs out an ear piercing
rock tune Tuesday night at Pine Knob. See page8 for a concert review.
BROWN PROPOSES FREEZE ON STATE JOBS:
Calif. reacts to tax cut
ter's remarks "strange" and accused
him of ignoring recent Soviet statemen-
ts on strengthening detente.
TASS SAID the Soviet Union
"irrevocably has chosen the road of
peaceful coexistence . . . but it is ob-
vious that it is they, in the leading cir-
cles of Washington, who haven't yet
made a choice."
The President made clear, however,
that he dislikes Soviet and Cuban mili-
tary support for revolutionary forces in
Africa. He said of the Soviets: "All too
often they seem ready to exploit
any ... opportunity" to promote in-
"A competition without restraint and
without shared rules will escalate into
graver tensions, and out relationship as
a whole will suffer," the President said
near the end of his address.
"I DO NOT wish this to happen, and I
do not believe that Mr. Brezhnev
desires it," he said in reference to
Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev.
The President cautioned against ex-
cessive swings in public mood.
He stressed that he believes the
Soviet Union is negotiating in good faith
to reach an agreement at second round
Strategic Arms Limitation Talks,
saying, "I am glad to report that the
prospects for a SALT 2 agreement are
BUT HE accused the Soviets of at-
tempting to export a "repressive form
of government" to other nations. And
he said they had violated an inter-
national accord reached at Helsinki,
Finland, because of "the abuse of basic
human rights in their own country."
Part of his speech was a pep talk to
the American people. He said U.S.
strategic military forces are adequate
and there is "no cause for alarm" over
disparities in conventional military
He said the Soviets, despite their
totalitarian form of government, are
losing momentum in economic growth,
are subject to chronic agricultural
shortages and are losing international
See CARTER, Page
LOS ANGELES (AP)California Gov. Edmund (Jerry)
Brown proposed an immediate freeze on all state jobs yester-
day, and three public employee unions filed suit in the state
Supreme Court in the wake of a voter-mandated $7 billion cut
in property taxes.
The Democratic governor, who vigorously fought the tax
cut plan which California voters approved in a nearly 2-1 lan-
dslide Tuesday, said he will propose specific cutbacks in a
special address to the California Legislature today.
MEANWHILE, THE president of the 186,000-member
California Teachers Association, said the state's 1,047 school
districta should not open schools in the fall unless the state
restores needed funds.
Tax revolt leader Howard Jarvis' state Proposition 13 takes
effect July 1, reducing property tax funds for cities, counties
and schools from 12 billion to $5 billion annually unless a spate
of filed and expected suits delays or blocks the initiative.
Brown, who easily won renomination in Tuesday's
primary, said his proposal will involve no new taxes to replace
the $7 billion property tax cut mandated by voters who ap-
proved Proposition 13 and that his proposed cuts would be "ina '
all areas I can make them without injuring anyone."
HE SAID THE CUTS would be "difficult and it would be
painful, but we will carry them on in the spirit of Proposition
Meanwhile, Democratic Assembly Speaker Leo McCarthy,
the stae's most powerful legislator, proposed spending "every
dime" of the state budget surplus, plus an additional $300
million from state government cutbacks-a total of about $4.5
million-to keep essential county and school services afloat.
Although the property tax cuts directly affect only local
government, not the state, leaders of both parties said the
state must cut as much as it can from its $17.4 million budget to
free tax funds to help local government minimize cuts of
THE REPUBLICAN minority, meanwhile, proposed its
own tax plan, which includes additional cuts in the state in-
come tax and a request that Congress return to California the
$2 billion tax "windfall" which the federal government would
reap from the California initiative.
. SeeBROWN, Page 5