The Michigan Daily-Thursday, May 25, 1978-Page 5
WASHINGTON (AP)-The Carter
administration is considering a list of
options, none of them very promising,
for helping bring stability to Zaire, a
friendly country which looks in-
creasingly like an international cripple.
The country is plagued by corruption
and inefficiency, threatened by rebels
based in Angola, and teetering on the
verge of bankruptcy, State Department
African experts say privately.
MEANWHILE, White House
spokesman Jody Powell said yesterday
that top Carter administration officials
have discussed the possibility of U.S.
aid for guerrillas fighting the Cuban-
backed regime in Angola.'
But Powell said Carter hasn't yet
decided whether to seek repeal of a
congressional prohibition against any
Though the United States, France,
Belgium and other allies plan to discuss
coordinated approaches to the
problems Zaire faces, one State Depar-
tment official says there seems to be lit-
tle that can be done to prevent a bad
situation from getting worse.
"Before this whole thing happened,
the country was crippled anyway," said
one policymaker, referring to this mon-
th's invasion of Ehaba Province by
THE REBELS heavily damaged
Shaba's major copper mining facilities,
which are Zaire's major source of
foreign exchange. Reports reaching the
department indicate it will take at least
two or three months to get the mines
operating, if Zaire can persuade
European technicians to return and
help fix them. It could take longer than
that without outside help.
An interruption in copper exports is
the last thing Zaire's shaky economy
needs. The country owes about $2.6
billion to Western banks and gover-
nments, and it has fallen way behind in
A consoritum of banks, headed by
Citibank of New York, was in the
process of. putting together a $220
million loan for Zaire tohelp it improve
its industrial base and pay back its deb-
"THE BANKERS are very nervous
now. They won't loan the money unless
they are convinced it is the only way to
save their previous investments," an
Representatives of. the banks and
Western governments have been plan-
ning to meet next month to evaluate the
latest economic recovery program
Hey Baby . .
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propounded by Zairean President
Mobutu Sese Seko.
Meanwhile in Zaire, French
paratroopers skirmished with
Katangan rebels outside Kolwezi and
two French soldiers were killed,
military officials reported yesterday.
France appealed to African nations,
meanwhile, to help save white hostages
in the hands of rebels retreating toward
THE FRENCH Defense Ministry said
in Paris paratroopers battled a rebel
force Tuesday at Liulu, five miles from
Kowelzi. The two soldiers killed were
the third and fourth deaths among the
600-man French airborne force dropped
on Kolwezi last week to rescue trapped
foreigners. Rebel casualties in the
clash were not reported.
An army spokesman in Paris said
there were incidents of "minor
resistance" in the area yesterday but
A report from Kolwezi said the final
toll of Europeans massacred by rebels
durng their one-week occupation of the
southern Zaire city would probably not
exceed 120. Previous estimates had
been as high as more than 200.
A BELGIAN reporter quoted the
physician, a Dr. Ruppol, as saying he
had identified 60 bodies by Monday and
bia as s
aid to Zaire
3 more bodies, most of them that in the 1960s was driven from
and Pakistanis, on Tuesday. Shaba, then called Kaanga, and found
ench estimated at least 150 refuge in Angola.
s, both soldiers and civilians, OFFICIALS HERE and in Paris
0 rebels were killed in the estimate that between 170 and 300
and in last week's bloody ram- European residents of Kolwezi were
Kolwezi. still unaccounted for. The French
r of the Lunda tribesmen who in- Foreign Ministry said many are in
;haba Province May 12-13 were rebel hands, and France formally
their way back to Angola asked Zambia and Angola to help free
ay through a northwest corner them.
bia. British newspapers quoted French officials said the French for-
el leader passing through Zam- ces might pursue the rebels to Zaire's
aying the retreating forces had borders but had no intention of exer-
European hostages" with them, cising a right of "hot pursuit" into
ng women and children. Zambia or Angola. So far, military of-
ebels, believed to number 4,000, stayed within a nine-ile radius of
remnant of a secessionist army Koewi.
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