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July 13, 1977 - Image 4

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1977-07-13

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The Michigan Daily
Edited and managed by Students at the
University of Michigan
Wednesday July 13, 1977
News Phone: 764-0552
Carter bypasses peace
with N-bomb approval
WITHIN A FORTNIGHT of clipping the wings of the
B-1 bomber, President Carter today rubber-stamped
his approval of the production of the even more con-
troversial neutron bomb. But, he says, although we
might make it, he isn't sure yet if he would let us
use it.
What could be more wasteful than the develop-
ment of a product we don't want to use?
Remember back in the months of this past sum-
mer when you were trying to decide which candidate
to support for the presidency, and Carter told you he
would cut back the defense budget to a more liveable
size? That same man wants to lting you the neutron
bomb at an estimated cost of $360 million.
The same man who has sent his lackeys all over
the world crying out for human rights has decided as
Commanded-Tn-Chief he would like to have this weapon
in his arsenal. It is a weapon which ignores centuries
of military strategy: no longer is the name of the game
trying to weaken your enemy's ability to kill you. Now
the object of war Is to kill off only the human beings
which comprise the forces known to you as "The Ene-
my."
The neutron bomb, when exploded, has a limited
blast-fire range, with "enhanced" radiation to kill ani-
mate objects at the eplosion site. Military installations,
missile launching pads, arsenals may pass unscathed.
Hardly the cost-effectiveness Carter said was the basis
of his opposition of the B-l.
Forgetting his pledges, Carter wants us to be the
first kids in the superpowers block to have this new
toy. -He has forgotten not only his supporters and his
pledges; he has lost his sanity.
Se Contact your reps
Sen. Donald Riegle (Dem.), 1205 Dirksen Bldg., Washing-
ton, D.C. 20510
Sen. Robert Griffin (Rep.), 353 Russell Bldg., Capitol Hill,
Washington, D.C. 20515.
Rep. Carl Pursell (Rep.), 1709 l.ongworh House Office Bldg.,
Washington, D.C. 20515.
Sen. Gilbert Bursley (Rep.), Senate, State Capitol Bldg.,
Lansing, MI 48933.
Rep. Perry Bullard (Dem.), House of Representatives, State
Capitol Bldg., Lansing, M 48933.
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1 1

Black anger in Africa
passes over the Jews

By RICHARD SERGAY
For the first time since my family escaped
from the pogroms of Eastern Europe and immi-
grated to South Africa in the 1890s, some mem-
bers are qow talking of leaving the country.
Like most Jewish families in Johannesburg,.
mine is wealthy. Entering the fields of law and
medicine, they have established a respected
name here.
But now, in dramatic contrast to my last visit
home in 1972, my aunt and uncle are tense and
anxious over the future of their children and the
country,
AWARE THAT MULTI-RACIAL rule is in-
evitable, my undle nonetheless believes blacks
are not prepared to take over the government.
"If whites were to abdicate rule," he says, "the
country would fall apart. The blacks must be
educated before they can even consider joint
power."
His attitude is typical of the fear and con-
cern that pervades the "Whites-tfnly" northern
suburb of Birdhaven, where (I was born and
raised.
Our home, sits on several acres of land beauti-
fully groomed by Willy - one of three black
servants. Lunch is served on the patio by Pa-
tricia, a Xhosa-speaking black woman from the
Transkei. She would later tell me of her six-
year-old daughter who lives with relatives in
Soweto, the teeming black ghetto just 10 miles
south. Her husband works at a mine in the
Transvaal. If lucky, they will all be together
for Christmas.
The paradox is striking. How can Jews, with
a tradition of liberalism, suffering and the scars
of racial discrimination, be a part of a system
of institutional apartheid and still live happily
in South Africa?
Considering the nature of racism here, the
Jews have been treated with exceptional favor
and dignity. There has been no anti-Jewish leg-
islation since the Nationalist government came
to power in 1948. And anti-Semitism plays an
insignificant role in social life..
But like most English-speaking liberals, South
Africa's Jews have paid a high moral and ethi-
cal price. They have had to accept apartheid, the
system of racial separation that keeps 80 per cent
of the population disenfranchised and subject to
draconian security laws.
Some explain the paradox by pointing to the
South African Jew's pre-occupation with Israel.
South Africa's 120,000 Jews contribute more
funds per capita to Israel than any Jews other
than Americans. It is a tie that comes at the
expense of taking an active political life in their
own country.
And, since the . June 1976 outbreak of riots
in Soweto, the Jews have become restless with

fear> While they had felt pity and outrage over
newspaper photos of the corpses of black chil-
dren, they had failed to fathom the depth of
black anger.
In the northern suburbs, Jews and other liberal
whites became paralyzed with fear. It was amaz-
ing to learn how many friends in the neighbor-
hood now keep shotguns near at hand.
For many whites, there are only three op-
i "ns remaining: to entrench themselves into
white armed encampments; to emigrate; or to
join the blacks in the fight against apartheid.
So far, the most common choice has been
emgiration for the English-speaking white, in-
cluding the Jews. Like my family, many are
considering sending their children to the U.S. to
school -- or for life.
But this is not easy. My uncle, for instance,
is allowed to send only 3,000 Rand (about $2,580)
a year out of the country, for education-hardly
enough to cover costs at most American univer-
sies.
A fourth option--- to stay and attempt to
work for constructive change and an end to
apartheid - seems unlikely given the contradic-
tions of the English-speaking liberals. *
Since 1948, they have failed to develop an
effective organization either to advance their
own interests or to challenge the Nationalist
government. The English liberal hope is for
some kind of internal detente -- greater racial
integration, but not at the expense of their com-
fortable lifestyles.
The opposition English-speaking United Party
has proposed a vague form of federalism in which
blacks would enjoy some political rights, short
of one-man/one-vote.
The Progressive Reform Party is the only
constitutional party that shows a real willing-
ness to share power with blacks.
But as the nevelist Alan Paton commented
to me: "The English liberal votes Progressive
Reform, thinks United Party, and he thanks God
for the Nationalists."
The English-speaking liberals are probably
best personified by the Jews - outspoken for
change, but essentially aloof and politically im-
potent. Fundamentally, they do not consider them-
selves part of South African society.
Like the larger body of English liberals, they
shun any radical solutions and are left facing
the question: "How can blacks be accommodated
without a significant dimunition in white power
and privilege?"
They have become adjusted to what they
themselves consider an unjust and immoral sys-
tem, and this unwilling apologists for apartheid.
Richard Sergay, a 21-year-old student at Uni-
versity of California-Santa Craz, was born and
raised in Birdhaven, South Africa. He recently
returned from a six-month visit.

Health Service Handbook

By SYLVIA HACKER with the salts in your saliva,
and NANCY PALCHIK change into a bard deposit called
calculus or tarter. The calculus
QUESTION: What is dental collects on your teeth below the
plaque? What does it do to your gumline and when it accmu-
teeth and what can you do about lates may begin to force the
it? gums away from the teeth. This
ANSWER: According to Am- may leave deep pockets which
erican Dental Association pub- may become filled with bacteria
lications, plaque is a sticky, and pus, and which if left un-
colorless, nearly transparent checked, may attack the tissues
film which continuously forms and bones that support your
on your teeth. It is primarily teeth, leading to tooth loss.
made up of bacteria, along'with So what can you do? Make
saliva and debris. When ordi- sure you eat a well balanced
nary sugars in the foods you diet to keep your supporting
eat come into contact with cer- bone and gum tissues healthy.
tain bacteria found in plaque Cut down on in-between-meal
they form acids and other irri- intakes of sugar, especially the
tants. The sticky bacterial types of sweets that may stick
plaque then serves to hold the to your teeth (the greatest dam-
acid to the tooth surface, allow- age is done within the first
ing it to attack the tooth enamel. twenty minutes after eating
If the enamel breaks down, the sweet foods). Make sure to
bacteria can gain access to the thoroughly clean your teeth dai-
body of the tooth and cavities .ly to remove all plaque. A good
may result. Thus, a cavity is cleaning includes flossing in ad-
not just a hole in the tooth; it ditioe to brushing. As 've noted
is also a bacterial infectin' In in one of our early columns,
addition. if y udo nost remove even the st efficient 'tooth-'

faces of the teeth adjacent to
each other since it is physically
impossible for the bristles to
reach deep into the inbetween
spaces. Dental floss, gently pass-
ed between the teeth and un-
derneath the edge of the gum
tissue, aids in removing dental
plaque from the approximating
sides of the teeth beneath the
contacting area. It is important
to note, however, that neither
toothbrushing nor flossing can
remove calculus once it has
formed. That requires a dentist
or dental hygienist. So make
sure you have regular dental
check-ups. Finally, check your
mouth for the following warn-
ing signs which may mean you
have gum disease. If you have
any of these symptoms, you
should consult a dentist as soon
as possible: bleeding gumS when
you clean your teeth; persistent
bad breath; soft, swollen or
tender gums; pus between the
gums and the teeth; lose teeth;
gums shrinking away from the
teeth: any changes in the'spac-

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