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May 14, 1977 - Image 4

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1977-05-14

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Page Four

Srit: MICHIGAN DAILY

Saturday, May 14, 1977

PaeIou rt iHGA ALYStrdy!ay14 ..977

Vance sees arms .control compromises

TEHRAN, Iran . - Secre-
tary of State Cyrus Vance said
yesterday that the United States
and the Soviet Union might
negotiate a "synthesis of their
rival proposals at new strategic
arms control talks next week in
Geneva.
"Whether in fact this will
occur I can't predict at this
time," Vance told a news con-
ference.
"I THINK IT is pissible that
(ut of the discussion one might-
ind a bridge of differences be-
,r23l south state
Sat &Sun at 1 35-7-9
T H E
FARMER

tween them the U.S. and Soc-
Jet proposals and a form of syn-
thesis."
Vance, who was rebuffed by
Soviet leaders in March when
he presented President Carter's
arms control proposals is
scheduled to resume high - level
strategic Arms Limitations
Talks (SALT) next Wednesday
n' Geneva with Soviet Foreign
Minister Andrei Gromyko.
Ills statements were a clear
signal to the Soviets that the
United States is ready to com-
promise on SALT. Soon after
Vance's unsuccessful Moscow
mission, President Carter had
indicated that compromise was

possible.
THE U. S. secretary, ending
a week-long trip to Europe
nd Iran, met yesterday with
Shah M6hammad Reza Pahlavi
and other Iranian officials.
\,ance said afterward he and
the shah differed on a few spe-
cifics but generally were in
agreement on issues ranging
from arms sales, to energy, to
-.uman rights.
Ie said the shah accepted an
invitation to visit Carter in
Washington sometime later this
year.
Today, Vance is scheduled to
attend a meeting of the Central
Treaty Organization - made
up of Iran, Pakistan, Britain
and Turkey - and to talk pri-
;ately with ministers from
member nations. The United
States holds observer status in
the organization.
IN MARCH, Vance presented
two alternative proposals to So-

viet leaders for replacing the
1974 Vladivostok strategic arms
imitation agreement, which ex-
pires Oct. 3.
One proposal wouW have ra-
tified and continued the Vlad-
s'ostok ceilings on ballistic
missiles, strategic bombers and
multiple warheads. The other
would have lowered those ceil-
ings.
The two superpowers disagree
over whether and how two new-
ly developed weapons, the U.S.
cruise missile and the Soviet
Backfire bomber, would be con-
trolled under a new agreement.
"I HOPE WE'RE going to
find some-way to see if we can
move toward some common
ground," said a senior U. S. of-
ficial traveling with Vance.
"But I don't know if it's going
to be possible to do or not, quite
frankly. We have to see what
they have to say.
"It may be possible to cm-

hine the various proposals so
that you have elements of
Vladivostok and yet at the same
Vime reach agreement as to
what Will be involved in follow-
on negotiations, which would
take you very much into our
comprehensive second propos-
al," said the official, who asked
not to be identified.
He also said he doubted that
what he called the "blending"
process could be accomplish-
ed within just a few days.
OEC
nixes five
per cen t
price hike
NICOSTA, Cyprus (P) - The
majority of members of the Or-
ganization -of Petroleum Export-
ing Countries (OPEC) have
abandoned a five per cent oil
price increase scheduled to go
into effect July 1, the Middle
East Economic Survey (ME-
ES) said yesterday.
The news weekly quoted OP-
EC sources as saying the de-
cision will be formally an-
nounced May 20.
ELEVEN OPEC members
decided at Doha, Qatar, last
December to raise their prices
ien per cent Jan. 1 and a fur-
ther five per cent July 1.
Decision to forego the sec-
ond stage would mean the mar-
ket price for their crude will
remain at $12.70 per barrel in-
stead of rising to $13.30 per bar-
rel.
Each dollar increase in the
crude oil price is estimated to
boost gasoline prices by about
2 and a half cents per gallon.
AT QATAR, Saudi Arabia,
the world's largest exporter,
and the United Arab Emirates
refused to go along with the
OPEC majority in December
and opted for a five per cent
increase for the whole year.
The 11 high-price advocates
apparently abandoned their sec-
ond increase in the face of
mounting Saudi oil. production
to meet demand for its cheaper
crude and expected seasonal
softening of the oil market.
Three members of the 11,
Venezuela, Kuwait and Qatar,
first resolved not to go along
with the second increase, ME-
RS said.
Yesterday's report came as
the Abqaiq oil field in Saudi
Arabia, sotrce of about ten
per cent of Saudi production,
was shut down because of a
fire. Sources said the impace
on Saudi oil exports could not
be ascertained until the fire,
reported under control, died
down.
Venezuelan President Carlos
Perez, during a recent Middle
East tour, tried to arrange a
comoromise by which the 11
would abandon their second five
per cent increase and Saudi
Arabia would boost its prices
to the ten per cent level to
achieve a single crude oil price.
Saudi Arabia refused, insist-
ing the 11 come down from the
one per cent level, MEES said.
"Though t h e majority's
abandonment of the extra S per
cent is without preconditions
and the Saudis remain uncom-
misted on the price issue, nev-
ertheless Saudi Arabia is under-
stood to regard the gesture by
the it as a positive step which
cduld help resolve the price
split and restore the unity of
OPEC,'A MIEES said.

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