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THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Smashing the state...
Saturday, June 13, 1970
EDJ'iTOR'S NOTE: The following
editorial appeared in the June 4 issue
of El Gaucho, the student newspaper
at riot-torn University of California
at Santa Barbara. Its appearance im-
mediately preceded the seven nights
of disorders which have left the cam-
pus community of Isla Vista in a
"state of disaster."
S WE GO to press today, for
last issue of th e year, we
have learned that 17 persons -
including our city editor Jeff
Woodstock - have been indict-
ed by the county Grand Jury
for charges relating to the
burning of the Bank of Ameri-
ca last February,
Political repression has never
been more real than it is to-
day. The phrase usually rings of
rhetoric, but today, it carries
a meaning more ominous and
outrageous than ever before, for
those of us who know that Jeff
and others weren't even in Isle
Vista (I.V.) or on campus that
It's no concidence that five
of those indicted are also mnem-
bers of the Santa Barbara 19 -
political activists who have op-
enly expressed their opposition
to governmental and university
policies . . . this because the
purpose of the indictments is
not to preserve law and order,
but to smash dissent and politi-
cal activity. Even before going
to trial, those indicted will have
to raise exorbitant bail funds,
will face indefinite periods in
jail if they cannot raise them,
and once they come to trial they
will face 2 to 20 year sentences.
Even with no hard evidence to
convict them, police officers
(pigs) will lie on the stand, as
they did in Chicago, as they did
in Bill Allen's disciplinary hear-
ing, as they will in the trial of
Bobby Seale, as t h e y always
will in times when the govern-
ment cannot tolerate dissent.
And the jury, of course, com-
posed of middle-aged, middle-
class persons ("peers") con-
cerned about lawnorder and
frightened by radicalism, is al-
ways more likely to believe of-
ficers-of the law than it is long-
BUT THE LARGE-SCALE and
long-run effects of this repres-
sion are probably more fright-
ening than is the fate of the 15
persons indicted. How c a n a
political movement f a r social
change survive if its leaders are
in jail? Sure, more leaders will
come to be, but what do they
face for being open in their dis-
sent? All radicals who are up
front about their political views
- e v e n at previously sleepy
Santa Barbara - now face the
day-to-day reality of being
If the Movement is to survive,
therefore, it will h a v e to go
"underground." This means that
radicals will have to - whether
they like it or not -- meet and
organize secretely, And they
will have to be constantly pre-
pared to defend their lives.
The implications are obvious
- by framing radical leaders,
and forcing them to go under-
ground, the power structure is
completely isolating them from
the rest of society, even from
their own culture.
It is at this point that radi-
cals b e c o m e revolutionaries.
Their very life depends on ov-
erthrowing a system which does
not allow them to survive out in
the open. Their very life de-
pends on dismantling a system
which is willing to kill and jail
those who threaten the status-
Blacks have known this kind
of repression for a long time.
T h e Panthers know it better
than anyone else in America.
But now, after Chicago, the po-
lice state has extended from the
black ghetto to the white mid-
dIe-class community of political
IT HAS N O W extended to
University of California at San-
ta Barbara's (UCSB) white
middle-class radical students.
Santa Barbara's power struc-
ture - whether or not they do
receive direct instructions from
federal agenciesp -has shown
that it, too, is part of national
coordinated attempts to destroy
No coincidence that many of
those indicted are members of
the Radical Union. No coinci-
dence that one is a writer for a
politically radical newspaper.
No accident that one has been
an effective and outspoken stu-
dent leader on campus. No acci-
dent that two are members of
the Isle Vista Community Col-
lege -- a new effective political
voice for the IV community.
No coincidence, either, that
the indictments are handed
down during Dead Week, when
student energies are likely to
be directed solely towards cram-
ming for finals.
Because of this very obvious
political repression, peaceful
dissent effectively becomes just
as dangerous as violent dissent.
Just speaking out loudly against
the system is enough to put
one's life in jeopardy.
THE REAL QUESTION, then,
is whether the Movement will
be silenced and isolated, as
(Oontinued on Page 5)
Humphrey may runf
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MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. A'-Former Vice Pre-
sident Hubert H. Humphrey is expected to an-
nounce his candidacy for the U.S. Senate today,
a move which had been speculated upon since
he lost the 1968 presidential race to Richard M.
The big question in Humphrey's scheduled an-
nouncement is whether he will pledge to serve
a full six year term or has his sights on another
try at the presidency in 1972.
Humphrey, 59, former Minneapolis mayor and
a political power in Minnesota for 25 years, is
expected to seek the seat now held by Democrat
Sen. Eugene J. McCarthy, who has said he was
not seeking re-election.
The Republican c
Clark MacGregor, w
ty's nomination ar
A statement poll
apolis Tribune shoe
centage lead of 54-
Humphrey, who s
before being electec
President Lyndon I
has jokingly referr(
Since his 1968 d
known as the titul
party, has traveled
resentative of an ei
Dodd shuns Democrati
HARTFORD (P)-Sen. Thomas J. Dodd said
yesterday he will not seek or accept the Demo-
cratic nomination to the U.S. Senate. The with-
drawal from the five-way race for the seat Dodd
has held for 12 years apparently paves the way
for him to run for re-election as an independent.
A spokesman for the Connecticut senator,
his press aide Joseph Barberette, read a one sen-
tence statement from Dodd that said: "I have
decided not to seek nor will I accept the U.S.
Senate nomination at the Democratic State
Convention June 26 and 27."
Dodd had stated earlier this week that he
was seriously considering running as an in-
dependent, but he %
would pull out of t
been reported the S(
had failed to must
Democratic state cc
be necessary for 1
primary for the nom
The party leade:
ocratic Chairman J
chairman of the pat
ence public. He is
Hart to seek thi~rd Seun
~r1~t f rIrian Dit
420 Maynard Street, Ann Arbor, Mich.
Edited and managed by students at the
University of Michigan
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual
opinions of the author. This must be noted in all reprints.
U.S. aid for oppression
From Wire Service Reports
Sen. Phillip (D-Mich) yesterday formally
announced his candidacy for a third term as
United States senator.
Hart, unopposed in the August primary has
been stumping the state on weekends for several
months. A leading critic of the war, Hart said
he world campaign on a platform calling for
American withdrawal from Indochina.
Meanwhile in Amherst, Mass. Sen. Edward
Kennedy was nomi.
day to run for a sece
Kennedy, the ni
Senate, was endors
eight years in the S
In his prepared
said Democrats mi
leaders who fear chf
SATURDAY, JUNE 13, 1970
News Phone. 764-0552
WHEN A UNIVERSITY vice president sits on a commit-
tee, he carries more power than evidenced by his sin-
gle vote. Unfortunately, Vice President Allan Smith has
shown the Martin Luther King Scholarship (MLK) com-
mittee that that power involves more than an influence-
it involves veto power.
Three weeks ago, to the committee's surprise, Smith
exercised this power when he vetoed the committee's de-
cision to allocate $5,000 to the Black Tutorial Project.
Smith said that, "the fund is for University purposes
while the tutorial program is primarily a service to com-
Smith felt that the tutorial program did not qualify
as a University program even though the staff is main-
ly composed of University students, and the program's of-
fice is in the Student Activities Bldg.
NOT ONLY HAS SMITH taken it upon himself to define
what a University program is, but he has also decided
to interpret the intentions of the donors.
Even though the funds would have come from the
"undesignated" portions of the MLK fund, Smith says
that he feels that it is the implicit understanding of all
donors that their money is given for University opera-
tions and purposes."
Now that Smith has made it clear that he has a vetoc
power on the allocation of the MLK funds, student pres-
ence on the committee is virtually meaningless.
Smith has taken upon himself the duty of inter-
preting the intentions of the MLK dohiors-a job that
rightly belongs to the entire committee.
Smith has let his high administrative position inter-
fere with his obligation to work constructively with the
other members of the MLK fund. In spite of his post, he
should sit on the' committee not run it.
By LINDSAY CHANEY
1F ANYONE is ever looking for
t h e stereotype of a country
ruled by the iron hand of a petty,
tyrannical dictator, they will find
that Haiti fits t h e description
The dictator of Haiti, Francois
Duvalier, presides over the poorest
country in Latin America.
It has an average per capita in-
come of $75 per year, nearly 90
per cent of the population is illi-
terate, disease and malnutrition
are more common than health,.
and corruption has become a
prominent feature of the govern-
The bulwark of the Duvalier re-
gime is his private police force
known as the "Tontons Macoute,"
who quickly suppress all political
dissent. In return, these armed
hoodlums are given a free hand
to steal and extort from the peas-
Duvalier gives no indication
whatsoever that he wants to help
the Haitian people escape their
bonds of poverty and ignorance.
Indeed, he plays on the popula-
tion's general ignorance by en-
couraging the practice of voodoo,
and telling the people he is im-
Duvalier also makes no excuse
nor gives justifications f o r his
tyrannical rule. He has even pub-
lished the philosophy behind the
"Duvalier method" which in-
volves "maximum oppression" so
no one will have the energy to or-
ganize political opposition.
When the Haitian coast guard
attempted its aborted revolution
two months ago, Duvalier smiled
and said he would rely on t h e
Tontons Macoute" to maintain
THE M A J O R international
lending institutions such as the
I n t e r -. American Development
Bank which provide development
capital for Latin America have
given virtually no aid to Haiti
since- 1963 because of the repres-
sive nature of the Duvalier re-
gime and alleged financial irreg-
ularities in the government. These
lending institutions, incidently,
are heavily influenced by the U.S.
government, and it is the U.S.
which has been blocking aid to
But within the past two months,
there have been indications that
the United S t a t e s has had a
change of heart toward Haiti.
United States Ambassador Clin-
ton Knox has recommended that,
among other aid, a $5.5 million
loan be made by the Inter-Ameri-
can Development Bank to expand
the water supply in Port Au
Prince, the capital.
This change in U.S. attitude
may seem unusual since the Duv-
alier regime has not become less
repressive. Besides, expanding the
water supply in the capital will
not benefit the majority of the
people anyway, since they do not
live there. And, as in the past, a
significant part of the loan will
end up in the pockets of govern-
ment officials and their hench-
THE ONE REASON that would
explain the change in United
States attitude is that, in the past
two years, almost.100 companies
have been established in Haiti us-
ing U.S. capital. These compan-
ies turn out baseballs, electronic
devices, hand - assembled tools,
shoes, a n d clothing, using ma-
terials brought from the United
States. The products are t h e n
sold in the United States. The
companies operate from Haiti be-
cause it is extremely profitable to
hire the oppressed Haitians who
will gladly work for less than $2
Unfortunately, the effect of the
development loan would be to fur-
ther strengthen the Duvalier re-
gime, which would continue to op-
press the people, who would con-
tinue to be underdeveloped and
exploited by American companies
in search of cheap labor.
If the U.S. goes ahead with this
loan, it will be an explicit demon-
stration that the United States
government holds the profits of
corporations above the welfare of
Letters to the Editor
To the Editor:
In your editorial on George Wal-
lace (Daily, June 12) you state,
"The trend will continue until
action istaken. So far 'working
through the system' has failed in
Alabama and what alternatives
remain should be investigated."
While I understand your-despair
and that of my blackdbrothers over
the election in Alabama, I cannot
agree that there is in Alabama,
an unfavorable trend; I see the
trend there as being advantageous,
even though the place is very
Item: The last time he ran,.
Wallace got 66 per cent of the
vote. This time he got 51.59 per
Item: In 1963, Birmingham was
where Bull Connor loosed his dogs
on Martin Luther King. Mont-
gomery was where Wallace stood
in the schoolhouse door. Today
these cities are hotbeds of Brewer
(i.e. anti-Wallace) sentiment.
This - is not to deny that there
is racism in Alabama, or to sug-
gest that that state is more than
a northern version of Transvaal.
But I cannot agree with the sug-
gestion of a trend toward still
deeper abysses of racism. On the
contrary, I think the Alabama
elections show that the day will
soon come-when a Deep South
governor is elected with wide-
spread black support.
-T. A. Heppenpheimer
Letters to the Editor should
be mailed to the Editorial Ii-
rector or delivered to Mary
Rafferty in the Student Pub-
lications business office in the
Michigan Daily building. Let-
ters should be- typed, doable-
spaced and normally should not
exceed 250 words. The Editorial
Directors reserve the right to
edit all letters submitted.
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NIGHT EDITOR: NADINE COHODAS