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May 29, 1970 - Image 3

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1970-05-29

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page
three

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Friday, May 29, 1970 Ann Arbor, Michigan Page Three

Labor
WASHINGTON ( - A small but in-
creasingly vocal minority of union leaders
is opposing AFL-CIO President George
Meany's support of President Uixon's war
policies in Vietnam and Cambodia.
"The AFL-CIO is not infallible, and
many of us feel strongly that it is out
of step with the thinking of the 13 mil-
lion members it represents," says the
350,000-member Amalgamated Meat Cut-
ters union.
"Our members, like all working people
and like the majority of all Americans
want peace. And they want peace now,
without delay, without further military
adventures, without more killings," says
President Jacob Petofsky of the 400,000-
member Amalgamated Clothing Workers
of America.
These sentiments are echoed by several

eaders split on

other union leaders whose followers add
up to about 10 per cent of th labor fed-
eration's 13.6 million members in 122
labor unions.
In addition, the two largest unions,
which are outside the AFL-CIO-the
United Auto Workers with 1.6 million
members and the Teamsters Union with
2 million-oppose Nixon on the, war
through their Alliance for Labor Action.
Aides of the 75-year-old Meany say
that within the federation nothing has
really changed-that Nixon's Cambodian
intervention merely brought more vublic
comment from the AFL-CIO's small corps
of long-time war dissenters.
"There isn't'any new, sudden .hift of
opinion," said an AFL-CIO spokesman.
"I think I speak for nine-tenths of
them," Meany said at a recent news con-

ference when asked if his support
on's war policies was represent
the labor federation.
"This union is opposed to the
sion of the Vietnam war into C
and urges withdrawal of :ll A
troops from Vietnam consistentS
safety of troops," said the 460,0(
ber American Federation of Stat
ty and Municipal Workers hey
Jerry Wurf.
That's the same position as o
the same position as NiXon's,"
the Meany spokesman of the :Stat
ty and Municipal Workers' Co
resolution adopted after heated
in Denver May 8.
The resolution, coincidentally,
the same day that AFL-CIO cons

war issue
t of Nix- union members were involved in a brawl
ative of with student demonstrators in downtown
New York, which prompted a protest
oxpan- from another AFL-CIO leader.
ambodia Only three of the AFL-CIO's 35-man
kmerican Executive Council voted against the reso-
with the lution of support for Nixon's Cambodian
00-mem- intervention. They were Wurf, President
e, Coun- William Pollock of the 200,000-member
aded by Textile Workers Union of America. and
Herman Kenin, president of the 260.000
member American Federation of Musi-
urs and cians, , who said he was voting his per-
argued sonal conviction and did not know hcw
e. Conn-
nvention his union might vote at a convention.
debate Petofsky was absent during the vote, and
the meat cutters union is not represented
came on on the AFL-CIO's policymaking Execu-
truction tive Council.
as Nixon

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- w - - - - w - - ---------------------------.
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COMMUNIST FORCES launched attacks east and north of
the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh yesterday.
In an apparent attempt to obtain supply lines from Laos to make
up for losses of bases to allied troops along the frontier communist
command forces battled their way into the streets of Prey Veng, a
provincial capital 35 miles east of Phnom Penh, but were reported
withdrawing later.
About 65 miles north of Phnom Penh, the North Vietnamese and#
Viet Cong overran the district capital of Tang Krasang, cutting
Highway 6 for the first time and isolating the provincial capital of
Kompong Thom from Phnom Penh.
Official sources said captured documents indicated enemy forces1
would try to get a new line of communications from Laos along the
Mekong River because of the U.S. and South Vietnamese thrusts into
ther bases just across the Vietnam border.
THE SENATE ETHICS COMMITTEE cleared senators and
their employes yesterday of bribe-taking or other misconduct in
connection with introduction of bills to stay the deportation of
ship-jumping Chinese seamen.
On the basis of a closed-door investigation begun last September'
after published charges of payoffs, the bipartisan panel said it found no
evidence "that any senator or any employe of the Senate received or
acepted a bribe, the promise of a bribe, or anything else of value inj
consideration of the introduction or attempted introduction of any
bill."
However, the commitee reported to the Senate it had received
! viroi n h oi irm rn fi -t n ol:b nn of+ o1vn ne

WASHINGTON IYI -- Presi-
dent Nixon's prediction that
his policies will slow inflation
and return the slumping econ-
omy to stable growth later
this year buoyed some of the,
nation's business leaders yes-
terday.
Some of the encouragement
from Nixon's pep talk to business
and financial leaders appeared
translated to the stock market,
rebounding for the second straight
day after falling to an eight-year
low. The key Dow Jones industri-
al index advanced 20.95 points, an
increase for the day of 3.15 per
cent.
"I am greatly encouraged by
the discussion and comments of
the President.a n d other mem-
bers of the administration," said
Chairman Robert 0. Anderson of
Atlantic Richfield Co., one of 42
business leaders at Wednesday
night's 2 2-hour dinner and talk
session with Nixon at the White
House.

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evdaence or apparent vioLations of Law oy some of the lawyers and U <" Accounts of those who attended
lobbyists who sought the introduction of some of the bills." Associated Press generally agreed Nixon said he
Peaceful commencement was sticking by his basic policies
I of tight money, high interest and
NUCLEAR POWERED Polaris submarine Daniel Boone and fedeghl mpnyightigt the
the Philippine merchant ship President Quezon collided off Cape Several hundred University of Iowa graduates wore peace symbols federal spending cuts to fight the
E.during their commencement yesterday. nation's worst inflation in 20
Henry, Va., at noton yesterday. years.
Atlantic Fleet headquarters reported there were no injuries and "He said that he still believed
initial examination revealed "only superficial damage to the sub- ' R BY PROXY' that the advice of his economists
marine." was reliable - that we'd see a
Damage to the merchant ship was not determined immediately. .-.. turn in the economy by the third
In ~tsquarter of this year," said one
THE UNITED STATES will attempt, probably next week, to U .S. corporation executive who de-
obtain a precise description of Russia's expanded military role I ined use of his name.
in the Israeli-Egyptian conflict, the State Department said yester- Dconet toude andst o nrwageprice
day. pla s or Cambodia six per cent annual rate of in-
Officials believe the Soviet role, as finally assessed by President lation and alarm in some quar-
Nixon, will have a decisive effect on Nixon's decision whether or not ters o v e r rising unemployment,
to sell jet fighter planes to Israel. the administration has continued
Vietnam's Vice President Nguyen Cao Ky as "an Asian Ag- to insist its stringent policies, al-
SIRIMAVO BANDARANAIKE was asked officially yesterday new," charged yesterday that Saigon's leaders are determined though painful, would soon begin
to form a new government in Ceylon, one day after her leftist 'to keep the Americans mired in the swamp" of Cambodia. to slow price hikes and permit
coalition swept to a landslide victory in the parliamentary The Arkansas Democrat also contended that the Nixon the gradual return to stable eco-
coaltio swpt t a andlid vicoryin he prlimenarynomic growth.
elections. administration "apparently intends to sustain an indefinite, "y
Gov. Gen. William Gopallawa wrote to the 53-year-old widow, full-scale military involvement by proxy in Cambodia." door to formal wage and price
who became the world's first woman prime minister when she headed The Senate agreed, meanwhile, to vote next Wednesday controls," said John Bogle, presi-
Ceylon's government from 1960-65, after receiving the resignation on an amendment expected to provide the first real test of dent of Wellington Management
of Conservative Prime Minister Ludley Senanayake. strength in the debate on U.S. involvement in Cambodia, now Co. in Philadelphia.
. in its third week. Nixon also reportedly reassured
those worried about his interven-
CAMBODIA OPERATION The amendment by Sen. Robert tion in Cambodia that the action
J. Dole (R-Kan.) would bar en- would shorten the war in Viet-
forcement of the pending propos- nam, eventually reducing the na-
al to cut off funds for "retain ing"'tbon's defense spending.
Bodycount validity doubted U.S. troops i Cambodia until the
Commnissrleasa llneric Nixon they believe the Cambodian
prisoners in that country action was responsible for the re-

I ______

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"ago

TRANSCENDENTAL
MEDITATION
As TaughtiBy
MIAHARISHI
4AIESH
YOGI

SAIGON 0P)-If the figures
can be believed, allied forces
have killed a dozen communist
soldiers in Cambodia for every
allied soldiers lost. But the al-
lied command's claim of nearly
10,000 Viet Cong dead in the
operation is raising new doubts
about the authenticity of such
"body count" figures.
Some American officers say
up to half the total is credited to
bombers, helicopter gunships and
artillery. The number officially
reported killed is supposed to
based on an actual body count,
but this is not always so.
In many cases, both air and
ground observers estimate the
number killed after a bombing
or artillery strike in thick jun-
gles or rugged terrain that
ground troops never venture in-
to. This leaves room for error,

duplication and in some cases
exaggeration.
From the air, even if a body is
sighted, there is a good chance
it is that of a peasant rather
than a soldier.
And newsmen accompanying
South Vietnamese troops have
reported only light contact on
certain operations, but com-
muniques covering these opera-
tions told of up to 200 enemy
killed.
The announced total of enemy
dead claimed for the Cambodian
operations dating to March 20
would give the allies a kill ratio
of almost 13 to 1.
Even counting the claims
made in a decade of fighting in
Vietnam, the allies come out
with only a little better than a
4 to 1 kill ratio, according to
their own officials: 643,196 ene-

my killed compared to 42.260
American and 107,579 South
Vietnamese dead.
The body count was used for
several years in Vietnam as an
index to progress in the war.
By 1969 it became unofficially
discredited.
Now, to a certain degree, the
body count is being resurrected
in Cambodia operations.
For example, a news sele-ase
from the U.S. 1st Air Cavalry
Division, operating in the Fish-
hook region of Cambodia, says it
has killed 1,900 enemy since
American o p e r a t i o n s were
launched May 1.
" Then it adds: "Ground con-
tact has been light thus far in
the operation as the enemy has
conintued to beat a hasl y ie-
treat in the face of the Air Ca v'
relentless advance."

Although Fulbright indicatedj
he will probably move to table andI
thus kill the Dole amendment on
Wednesday, even a vote on that
move would indicate the relative
strength of the two sides.
Supporters of the fund cut-off
proposal, known as the Cooper-
Church amendment, believe they
hold a majority. This is a factor:
in the delaying tactics by pro-
administration forces trying to
hold off a vote on it until Presi-
dent Nixon has a chance to make
good his promise to have all U.S.
troops out of Cambodia by June
30.
Fulbright, however, noted that;
since Nixon's M a y 8 statement
that South Vietnamese forces:
would be coming out about the
time Americans did, officials have;
indicated U.S. air and logistics
support would be available.

cent sharp drop in the stock mar-
ket.
Other administration officials
followed up with a rash of state-
ments yesterday supporting the
President.
"Economic controls are not in
the cards at all," said Secretary
of Labor George P. Shultz in a
San Francisco talk.
Vice President Spiro T. Agnew
told a Republican meeting in
Huntington, N. Y., that Nixon's
decision to "clean out the Cam-
bodian sanctuaries" will be the
turning point towards peace in
Southeast Asia,
"I don't claim to be an expert
on the stock market but if I had
to make a decision today on the
basis of the chances for peace, I
would feel 100 per cent more as-
sured than I would have 30 days
ago." Agnew said.
Robert P. Mayo, director of the
Bureau of the Budget, said rising
living costs reflected in the gov-
ernment's Consumer Price Index
would be the last to respond to
Nixon's anti-inflation policies, but
said there are signs the policies
are working.

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