Black GI's miserable says Pentagon aide
WASHINGTON W -- Pentagon civil
rights chief Frank Render warned months
ago that some black servicemen in the
Pacific area were tongue-tied by pent-up
fury and there was "potential for serious
tender's warnings were based on a
swing through American installations in
the Far East last March and April. Since
then, racial flareups have occurred in
His report, completed in late May, be-
came available this week. His findings on
the Far East were not distributed widely
by Pentagon leaders, in contrast with the
handling of Render's report last year on
U.S. military racial problems in Ger-
After the European study last fall. stiff
anti-trust discrimination orders were is-
sued by Secretary of Defense Melvin R.
Render wrote after his trip to bases in
Korea, Japan, the Philippines and Oki-
nawa that frustrations of some black
servicemen were "so great and their
pent-up fury so high that many of them
have exceeding difficulty expressing
He told of finding some men so over-
whelmed "that it was producing a verbal
paralysis" and that he met some Ma-
rines who "burst out in tears and un-
ashamedly cried" while trying to articu-
late what was wrong.
As he had following his European trip,
Render reported complaints by black
servicemen of discrimination in promo-
tions, unfair treatment under military jus-
tice, and "that they were given the menial
and dirty tasks."
"We found that blacks and whites were
moving farther and farther away from
each other, resegregating through acceler-
ated racial polarization," Render said.
While saying there had been "a sig-
nificant demonstration of positive con-
cern and action by most commands" in
the Far East, Render told his superiors
that "there is still much to be done,"
Among other things, he complained
that "many of the affirmative policies and
programs developed at the higher eche-
lons were not being transmitted down the
chain of command to the lowest trooper."
A 35-year-old Republican from Syra-
cuse, N.Y., Render was brought into the
Pentagon about 14 months ago as deputy
assistant secretary of defense for civil
rights. This makes him one of the high-
est - ranking black officials in the De-
Render has expressed confidence pub-
licly that Defense officials will carry
through on anti-discrimination practices.
Some other blacks in and out of unform
have complained privately that there has
been considerable foot-dragging.
page three T r£itMin atj
Cooler, may clear slightly
Friday, August 13, 1971 Ann Arbor, Michigan News Phone: 764-0552
Fas the .Assoriate r ess0
Street clashes, sniping, fire bombings and arson hit
Belfast and Londonderry yesterday and Roman Catholics
< in ever increasing waves streamed into Eire to escape the
orgy of death and destruction.
Northern Irish officials said 5,149 refugees had
streamed across the border to Eire since yesterday. An-
other two thousand Roman Catholics were expected to
leave Belfast by the end of today.
Some residents, who moved out of fear, set their homes
Uriish security f push- -
Royal Army soldiers move past a damaged car and the remains of a burned-out bus ye
continue to push their way towards the civil-war-stricken Crumlin Road area of Bel
the British troops is deteriorating, according to the Associated Press, after almost a w
in strife-torn Ulster.
HAZARD TO BABY CITED:
Police on Long Island ar
woman, lecturer after sex
HUNTINGTON, N.Y. (/') --
Police charges that a birth con-
trol lecture endangered the wel-
fare of a 14-month-old baby have
stirred a controversy on Long
Three plainclothes policemen
arrested the lecturer, William R.
Baird Jr., and the baby's moth-
er, Nancy Manfredonia, 28, at the
lecture Friday night.
The baby was apparently the
only minor the police could lo-
cate in an audience of 25 or 30
Baird, who operates a birth
control clinic, was charged with
endangering the baby's welfare
by "exposing" her to birth con-
trol devices he explained how to
His lawyer said it was legal in
New York to give birth control
information to minors. Baird has
had conflicts with the law in
other states where he has lec-
tured, and once served a jail
term in Boston.
Mrs. Manfredonia was charged
with endangering her baby's wel-
fare by taking her to the lecture.
She said the baby understands
only four words - mama, dada,
cookie and milk. Nobody touched
the baby or paid any special at-
tention to her. She sat in paja-
mas on her mother's lap during
the lecture and made no outcry,
her mother said.
Mrs. Manfredonia said she took
the baby to the meeting because
no sitter was available.
Suffolk County Executive H.
Lee Dennison first called the ar-
rests "ridiculous," but after
conferring with County Police
Commissioner John L. Barry
said he was satisfied that the ar-
rests were legitimate,
"Not everything that trans-
pired at that lecture meeting was
part of the publicity," Dennison
told a reporter. Be refused to
elaborate, saying it was a mat-
ter before the courts. He did
say, however, that he did not
mean to imply that the child had
been physically abused, or that
any obscenity was involved.
Both defendants were held
overnight in jail, although the
baby was released in her father's
care. Mrs. Manfredonia's shoes
and glasses were taken away.
She was taken before a judge
Saturday morning, her hands
cuffed behind her back.
After a minute-long hearing,
the judge released the pair with-
out bail pending trial Sept. 30.
Conviction could mean a year
in jail and a $500 fine.
Baird charged the arrests were
inspired by political opponents
and "the politic
Baird is a
Islip Town Coun
Liberal party ti-
never had met
of him and ado
China tr i
that "some Jape
some extent" ha
and the United
ington and Pekin
newsmen that "
Japan is not th
ing President Ni
Japan was not
plan to visit Pek
minutes before h
on July 15, and
Japan was not
caused c o nce:i
afire as they left, "so the other
side won't get them," one said.
This swelling tide of refugees,
both Catholics and Protestants
burned out of their homes or flee-
ing from fear of gunfire.
emerged as the government's
ssociated Press most pressing problem.
For the first time since Mon-
day, authorities w e r e hard
sterday as they pressed to find shelter for the
fast. Morale of homeless in cities that had acute
reek of riot duty housing shortages even before
the fighting began.
In London, Prime Minister Ed-
ward Heath called in senior
cabinet ministers, including De-
fense Secretary Carrington, to
review the sagging morale of
Bnitish troops. Beath v-as said
rest to be determined to s tamp ot
terrorism in Northern Ireland by
military force before attempting
ta k a political solution.
ta IRA spokesman said that. "We
can continue the campaign of
cal arm of the the past few days at the same
Church." level for a further fortnight at
candidate for least, if we can get additional
n supervisor and arms and ammunition we hope
a is running for to continue the campaign much
cil, both on the longer."
cket. Prime Minister Jack Lynch
tonia said she blamed the Northern Ireland
Baird until the government yesterday night for
she had heard the bloodletting in the province
tired his work. and demanded its removal.
Lynch, after an emergency
meeting of the Irish Cabinet,
p makes called for the creation of an ad-
ministration in Northern Ireland
u hapy r which would give equal voice to
u h p the province's warring Protest-
Foreign Min- ants and Roman Catholics.
said yesterday Lynch told a news conference
anese people to that the N. Ireland Government
ve doubts about has "consistently repressed Ro-
between Japan man Catholics and bears i espon-
States because sibility for recurring violence in
between Wash- Northern Ireland. He urged that
1g. "as an immediate objective . . .
the Northern Ireland government
.t told foreign should be replaced by a govern-
at the moment" ment in which power and deci-
inking of invit- sion making will be equally
xon to visit this shared between Protestants and
ified of Nixon's Lynch urged Northern Irish
ing only a few Catholics to be patient and re-
te announced it ject violence "because not only
"the fact that would violence preclude the
duly consulted achievement of their civil rights
r n" here, the but it would perpetuate the divi-
sions amongst the Irish people."
BELFAST, Northern Ireland
(I') - The war came to Harro-
gate Street in the small hours
yesterday, announced by the
clatter of garbage can lids ham-
mered on the sidewalk.
The lids core wielded by tie
"duck squtad." They are women
and girls whose job it is to keep
lookout in the Roman Catholic
back streets of cost Belfast in
case the British army comes on
Margaret Caddell, 79-year-old
widow, heard the clamor, then
came a crash.
Her unmarried daughter, El-
len, sleeping in the same room,
wanted to get up. She thought the
house might be burning. Her
mother said: "No, don't move."
"We lay there petrified for
three hours while the racket went
on," said Ellen.
Joseph Caddell, one of the
widow's sons, pointed to the
cause of the crash. The front
downstairs window of the four-
room house, identical with80
others in the red brick terrace,
had been shattered by bullets.
Some were imbedded in the in-
side walls. Others had chipped
the brickwork and bent the iron
Joseph, 35, spent five years
in the U.S. Army at Fort Dix,
N.J., and in West Germany. His
home for 11 years was Norwalk,
Conn. His two, young children
are American citizens though he
Citing his military training,
he said: "Every soldier is taught
that concentrated fire should be
used only at a primary target.
This was concentrated fire.
There was no targethere. So this
was indiscriminate fire.
See WAR, Page 10