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#Tuesday, August 10, 1971
Ann Arbor, Michigan
News Phone: 764-0552
u 2 die after
BENAT N-No reland
Irish Republicans battled with guns and bombs through
la t n g tif o ti u n o t o n pi g a d r o i g t a
followed a crackdown on the outlawed Irish Republican
S ! Army (IRA).
More than 300 suspected terrorists were rounded up in
the raids at dawn yesterday, and 12 persons have died in
the violence that has followed.
BriantFaulkner, the provincial prime minister, an-
nounced at midday that the army roundup was part of a
A BRITISH ARMY MARKSMAN keeps his weapon ready as he watches for snipers at a street corner
in Belfast, Northern Ireland, yesterday. Eleven people have been killed in rioting which erupted after
4w yesterday's crackdown on the outlawed Irish Republican Army.
ECONOMIC TVR(MBLE- *
Dollar fls to lowest
value in two decades
new policy to jail suspected
terrorists without t r i a 1 to
stem the violence that has
raged here for two years.
He said it was directed
against the outlawed IRA,
which wants to unite this
British province w i t h the
Irish republic to the south.
Faulkner made no apology for
the internment policy.
"We are, quite simply, at war
with the terrorists," he said.
"In a state of war many sac-
rifices have to be made. The ac-
tion we have taken does not in-
dicate any policy of repression."
Eddie McAteer, president of
the Nationalist party, which
represents traditional, non-soci-
alist Catholic opinion, asked:
"Does England really think that
this morning's Gestapo-type ar-
rests will do anything but fur-
ther incense the Irish people?"
Bernadette Devlin, the Catho-
lic civil rights leader, and Prime
Minister Jack Lynch of the
neighboring Irish republic join-
ed other Catholic leaders in de-
nouncing the interment decision.
While dozens of houses occu-
pied by Protestants burned on
the 'edge of the Catholic Ad-
royne district in Belfast, gun-
shots rang out and occupants
were ordered to leave.
Rioting also troubled London-
derry and Newry, a town near
the border with the Irish Re-
Fighting included bursts of.
automatic gunihre, burned build-
ings and gasoline bomb attacks.
The Northern Ireland Civil
Rights Association called for a
general strike to resist the in-
By ALAN LENHOFF
City Council last night ap-
proved the nominations of 15
persons to a committee charged
with investigating the city's fi-
nancial problems and advising
Council on the necessity of a city
personal income tax.
The committee was formed
largely in response to a city re-
port issued last week which in-
dicated that city expenditures
may almost double within five
years--merely to keep city
services at their current level
Also at last night's session,
City Attorney Jerold Lax re-
ported that he has not yet met
with Ann Arbor Police Chief
Walter Krasny to discuss why
the city's marijuana ordinance
has not been used. Council re-
quested this meeting last week.
The city ordinance makes
marijuana possession a misde-
meanor, but in every case thus
far, the police have chosen to
prosecute under state felony
Lax said he will meet with
F1ica wire Service Reports
A Investors yesterday watched'
cautiously as the U.S. dollar en-
countered new troubles in Eu-
rope, plunging to its lowest level
in 22 years on the Frankfurt
The dollar's value was set at
3.42 marks, the lowest since
W1949 when West Germany reval-
ted the mark upward for the
first time after World War If.
U.S. currency was also at a
low ebb in London, Paris and
Concern about the dollar prob-
lems abroad and the depressed
economy at home kept investors
inactive as stock prices in the
United States skidded lower.
Soviets promise aid to
,India in case of attack
By The Associated Press
India and the Soviet Union yesterday signed a 20-year treaty
of peace, friendship and cooperation which spokesmen for the two
governments said was designed to prevent war on the Indian
W After the signing of the treaty, it was learned that the Paki-
stani government had invited Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei
Gromyko, who signed the treaty for the Soviet Union, to visit
A senior Indian official who briefed newsmen on the treaty said
that the Soviet Union's only real obligation to India in case of an
attack would be "to enter into mutual consultations with us and
then we could decide what effective steps would be taken,"
However, he also said the U.S.S.R. had given India an as-
surance of sophisticated arms and military equipment to meet any
threats from abroad.
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi iemphasized in a speech at a
political rally that India remained nonaligned but "it is our
policy to strengthen our friendships and this will strengthen us."
"Our critics may say we have shifted our policy toward the
superpowers," she continued. "This is not true."
The current conflict between India and Pakistan, which the
treaty was designed to meet, stems from the move East Pakistan
r~ade for independence last March. The West Pakistani army
forcibly put down the dissidents, sending seven million refugees
fleeing to India. India sympathizes with the rebels.
Secretary of State William Rogers met with United Nations
Secretary U Thant twice yesterday to discuss the dispute. Rogers,
however, said political matters were not discussed at the meeting,
because the humanitarian problems of the refugees was of first im-
Rogers brought a check for $1 million to the secretary general,
who said the need for immediate contribution in -cash and goods
Trading volume on the New
York Stock Exchange fell to its
lowest level in nearly a year as
prices sank sharply. Turnover
reached about 8.1 million shares,
the lowest since last Aug. 17
when 6.9 million shares changed
In other domestic develop-
ments, the American Iron and
Steel Institute yesterday reported
a wceekly drop in steel production
of 51.8 per cent, the largest in
inure than 11 years.
Industry sources said the cur-
rent drop was due to massive
hedge buying in recent weeks, in
which steel users built up their
stockpiles in anticipation of a
steel strike. Agreement on a new
labor contract was reached by
the steel companies and the
United Steelworkers Union with-
out a strike.
At the White House yesterday,
President Nixon signed a bill
making the federal government
a cosigner for $250 million in pri-
vate loans to Lockheed Air-
craft Corp. The - measure, al-
though leaving open the possibili-
ty of the government backing
private loans to any company
whose collapse might damage
the economy, was tailored spe-
cifically to Lockheed.
The President also signed a $1
billion emergency- employment
The measure is planned to help
economically depressed areas
provide jobs for 150,000 persons.
The president said that the
group of hard-core unemployed
the bill is designed to assist
should be at work by Labor Day.
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Congressman Paul McCloskey (R-Calif.) declared his candidacy
for the Republican presidential nomination yesterday, and opened
his first campaign headquarters in Washington, D.C.