Vol. LXXXI, No. 56-S Ann Arbor, Michigan-Thursday, July 29, 1971 Ten Cents Twelve Pages
omen in Washtenaw jail cells
By P. E. BAUER pected. She is aware of large metal doors In this small room, the prisoner is
and TAMMY JACOBS clanging open and shut, prisoners being searched for dangerous objects and per-
., processed or released, and an occasional mitted her traditional one phone call. .
curse as an inmate is jostled too roughly. For a woman prisoner, the next step
This three - inch - high red warning In front of her is the focal point of is a short journey through institutional ,
glares down from numerous white pos- the room-a long dark counter, behind green hallways to a small room where a
ters, almost the only adornment on the which drab-clothed officers answer tele- matron helps remove her clothes and
otherwise barren walls of the Wash - phones and bark orders. supplies her with her jail "greens"-
naw County Jail lobby. shapeless green pants and a shirt, the
To her right, at eye level, is what ap- shplsxre atsadasit h
For a woman picked up, perhaps for pearsthe awirecaeve ito same in style as those worn by male
shoplifting or for narcotics, the first two sections by a sturdy wall. Inside prisoners. a
indication of the de-humanizing experi- one of the sections, family members Female prisoners are alowed to keep
ence of imprisonmentnir the realization stand speaking through wire windows in
that she is the prisoner to whom the tewl oegrimts wear. No make-up or personal belong-
thewalntseaernmte. ings are permitted in the cells.
e Washtenaw County Jail, to a new In the other section of the cagelike According to Mrs. Douglas Harvey,
prisoner, might seem a bit more de- room is an officer at a desk. It is here wife of the Washtenaw County sheriff
pressing and formidable than she ex- that the new prisoner is taken. See WOMEN, Page 10
We interrupt this program .. .
Workers doing wire assembly on the Lockheed Tristar airbus pause at the company's Burbank, Calif.
plant as company loudspeakers announce the results of Senate action on a $250 million loan guaran-
tee without which Lockheed says it will go bankrupt. (See story, Page 9)
Economy takes a dive
By ALAN LENHOFF
Special To The Daily
LANSING-The Michigan Senate yesterday reversed itself and
passed a bill raising the state personal income tax by 50 per cent,
effective August 1.
The approval cane only one day after the same measure was
rejected overwhelmingly by the Senate. Leaders of both parties had
indicated then that they were not opposed to the tax hike per se, but
wanted time to discuss what the additional money would be spent for.
The bill raises the personal income tax rate from 2.6 per cent to
3.9 per cent and also hikes the corporate income tax from 5.6 to 7.8
per cent and the tax on financial institutions from 7 to 9.7 per cent.
The Senate tabled action until
today. on the Higher Education
Bill, which includes a proposedC h ester
general fund allocation of $77.7
million to the University.
The approved tax bill will now
go to Governor William Milliken,
who has indicated that he will
sign it into law. The House ap-
proved the same measure last *
The bill also provides for the r u n ty j
restoration of full property and
local income tax credits-sus- By TAMMY JACOBS
pended last year when the state Local radical Eric Chester is
was in a financial squeeze. In jail for the second time this
The entire tax package, how- week, and according to his law-
ever, will lapse after one year yer, he will probably stay there
unless the people of the state are until at least Aug. 6.
given an opportunity to vote on Chester is now serving a 21
both property tax relief and a day sentence for "creating or
graduated income tax. I exciting a contention or disturb-
Shortly before the vote, Sen. ance" in the September, 1969
Charles Zollar (R-Benton Har- LSA Bldg. sit-in.
bor) warned the Senate that if Arrested Monday night, Ches-
the 50 per cent hike was not ter was freed on bond, but put
passed immediately, even high- back in jail again yesterday
er taxes would be needed to pro- morning because of the most
vide the state with an additional recent of a series of mishaps
$250 million to finance its obliga- concerning his case-he did not
tions for the current fiscal year. show up in court when he was
"The state will lose $25 mil- expected to.
lion for each month you delay in Chester was originally arrest-
approving this bill," he predicted. ed with 107 others in the sit-in
The state is still without a bud- that resulted in the student run
get for fiscal 1971-72, which be- University Cellar bookstore.
gan nearly one month ago. Yes- Most of those arrested were
terday the Senate approved convicted in District Court jury
unanimously a bill to extend un- trials during late 1969 and 1970.
til August 30 the level of spend- About 65 of those are presently
ing at the close of the previous appealing the convictions.
fiscal year, Chester was convicted at a
The measure was passed ear- trial in which he defended him-
lier in the House and has been self, and according to his present
sent to the Governor. lawyer, George Sallade, he filed
Last month, the Legislature for an appeal, but "failed to
passed a similar bill extending perfect it."
last year's spending levels Apparently, Chester forgot to
through the end of July when it order a transcript of his trial,
became apparent that the budget a necessary step in the appeals
would not be set by the start of procedure.
the fiscal year July L".(aver a year later, the Circuit
ThefiscalyeariJulyto1.ecm Court reviewed it's appeals cases,
The budget Is likely to be cam- and finding Chester's incom-
pleted in mid or late August and plete, sent him a warning notice.
will probably slightly exceed $2 Chester says he never received
billion. the notice.
In other action in Lansing, Gov. The next step was to issue a
See STATE, Page 10 See CHESTER, Page 10
By The Associated Press
The Nixon administration re-
ceived shocking economic news
from a number of quarters yes-
terday as indicators in a num-
ber of vital areas showed marked
In testimony before Congress,
Commerce Secretary Maurice
Stans said the nation may be on
its way to recording its first bal-
ance of trades deficit since 1893.
From April through June, ac-
cording to Commerce Depart-
ment figures, the trade deficit
totalled $803 million, the worst
three month figure since 1946.
The June deficit figure of $383
million put the U.S. in arrears
in trade for the "entire first six
months of 1971
The budget also showed dang-
er signs as the Nixon adminis-
tration announced a $23.2 bil-
lion deficit for fiscal 1971. The
figure is the second greatest bud-
get deficit since the end of World
The massive deficit contrasts
-hvrl -~t *ha ninicfr+
Reflecting the generally dis-
mal economic situation, the
Stock market took its second con-
secutive steep decline with Dow
Jones averages tumbling 8.69
Tuesday the market fell by
Meanwhile 1 a b o r disputes
around the nation continued to
plague the fragile economy.
The N i x o n administration
called yesterday for further talks
in the stalemated nationwide rail
dispute but promised not to pro-
pose emergency legislation un-
less the economic effects of the
strike become too great.
Also, members of the United
Steelworkers voted to strike na-
tionwide Saturday unless agree-
ment is reached on a new con-
tract (see story, Page 9),
Despite the sagging of vital in-
dicators, administration econo-
mists continued to defend the
Nixon economic plan.
Paul McCracken, chairman of
the Council of Economic Advisors
and a former University profes-
sor, lashed out yesterday at noted
economist John Galbraith for fa-
voring wage, and price controls
as a solution to the present di-
McCracken defended the ad-
ministration's reluctance to take
such a step calling controls "a
serious threat to individual free-
dom", and characterizing Gal-
braith's views on the matter as
"still common among unedu-