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July 20, 1971 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1971-07-20

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Letters to The Daily Muskie: Muddling in the middle

Aiding E. Pakistan
To The Daily:
CHESTER BOWLES, former
ambassador to India in 1963-
1969, has said that South Asia is
in "imminent danger" of a full-
scale war over Pakistan and that
the conflict eventually could in-
volve Communist China and Rus-
sia-
We presume you all know the
"murderous frenzies" the Paki-
stan Military Government has in-
dulged in during the recent Paki-
stan Civil War beginning March
25, 1971. Over 200,000 civilians
civilians have been killed and 6
million refugees have fled to
India.
Clearly the Indians cannot be
expected to bear this financial
burden on top of the all but in-
tolerable political strains which
the refugees' influx has imposed.
Tensions are rising every day.
Sen. Frank Church ea member
of the Senate Foreign Relations
Committeehas reported thatian
estimated $35 million worth of
military equipment is still in the
pipeline for Pakistan and "the
Presidet refuses to stop the
flow."
Sen. Edward Kennedy has said,
"It saddens me that our great
nation continues to be more ef-
ficient in moving military hard-
warethan in arranging human-
itarian relief in East Pakistan."
HOWEVER. Local 829 of the
International Longshoreman's
Association (Baltimore) refused
to load a freighter carrying an
arms shipment to Pakistan on
July 15, 1971.
The first concrete move in the
Congress to use foreign-aid poli-
cies as a means to bring about
an improvement in the internal
situation of Pakistan is the "Gal-
lagher Amendment". This pro-
posal to halt American aid to
Pakistan was approved by the
House Foreign Affairs Commit-
tee on July 15, 1971, by 17 to 6.
The proposal stipulates that be-
fore the funds may be resumed
East Pakistani refugees must be

returned to their home and "rea-
sonable stability" achieved.
We request all the readers of
this letter to write to their rep-
resentatives immediately asking
them to support the "Gallagher
Amendment" which is to be voted
on ver ysoon. We want Congress
to know that public opinion sup-
ports the amendment.
Aria/Basu/Diksmit/
Hook/Jain
"The Concerned"
July 19
Supporting CRCR
To The Daily:
IN AN ERA in which interna-
tional tensions have escalated at
an alarming rate, the closing of
any institution which seeks to
minimize and resolve these con-
flicts represents a tremendous
loss to society. The Center for
Research on Conflict Resolution's
record of scholarly research and
positive action is a matter of
widespread public recognition. Its
national reputation in the area of
conflict resolution is indisputable.
To terminate the activities of this
most vital institution would be to
tarnish the University's image as
a leader in educational and social
progress.
Equally distressing is the dis-
tinct possibility that internal po-
litical considerations, not arny
impending financial crIsis, may
be the motive for closing the cen-
ter. As a state legislator, it has
always been my belief that what
is examined in an academic set-
ting ought not to be dictated by
politics and external pressure.
Students and faculty must feel
free to explore subject matter
without thought of recriminations.
In addition to theoretical and
practical research, the center has
served as a valuable tool in re-
ducing actual conflict on cam-
pus. It is to be hoped that a more
enlightened attitude may be sub-
stituted for the closing of the
center.
State Sen. Jack Faxon
July 16

By JAMES WECHSLER of the white Democratic citadels, vative brand of T'xas Democratic
THE EFFECT of the pressures the arithmetic of a Census Bureau politics-now most dismally ex-
on Sen. Edmund Muskie - (D- study published the next day add- hibited in the national arena by
Maine) to play it safe and emerge ed a new dimension to the story. Mr. Nixon's new ally and apolo- ,
as the candidate of Democratic The latest population figures, gist, John Connally-exerts major
respectability is illustrated by his based on the 1970 census show i n f lu e n c e in the Democratic
ambivalence toward the excit- that 102 counties in the nation Party's high councils, the pros-
ing Mississippi gubernatorial cam- are at least 50 per cent black-all pect of a serious fourth-party
paign of Charles Evers. of them located in the 11 South- threat will grow. To welcome the
In obvious deference to coun- ern states. Actually this reflects possibility as a form of protective
sels of conservatism, Muskie has no basic change since 1960-and coloration for the Democrats is
declined to let his name be in- in many places, there has been madness.
eluded on the prestigious and some drop in the black percent- It has become fashionable in
growing roster of Evers supporters. age, reflecting the continued Ne- the Strauss set to recall that Harry
In the same interval he has help- gro exodus. Truman won in 1948 in a four-
ed promote a Washington fund- But what renders the figures party race. What they have chosen
raising party at which he per- politically momentous are the vast to forget is that, under the pres-
sonally contributed $2000 to the prospective expansion in black sure of the Henry Wallace insur-
war-chest b e i n g raised for the voting, the intensified registration gence, Truman moved steadily
spirited mayor of Fayette in his drives being waged and the new "left" during the '48 campaign,-
attempt to stage a Southern po- rules governing representation at especially on the issue of civil
litical miracle. next year's Democratic convention rights-while Wallace's campaign
The absence of Muskie's name It is premature to assess the full was ruined by sectarian Commu-
from the n a tio n a 1 committee impact of these developments; but nist manipulation.
formed in Evers' behalf is likely -along with the enfranchisement This time a new party could
to become increasingly conspicu- of the 18-21 voters - they may make infinitely larger inroads if
ous because five other Democrats dramatically upset the old-fash- the Democratic nominee is a pa -
who loom in one way or another ioned calculations of those who see lid creature shaped by the Strauss *
as potential rivals for the nomi- brigade, with the stodgy acquies-
nation have signed up the deadly center as the promised cence of George Meany. These
land for a Democratic candidate. will not be the men who make
THE CO-CHAIRMEN are Hu- history in the new voting era of
bert Humphrey and Ted.Kennedy; IN THIS CONTEXT a remark 1972.
other members are George Mc- attributed to treasurer Strauss de-
In fact, Eveis' campaigis this
Govern, Birch Bayh and Ramsey serves to be pondered long and year will reveal much about many
Clark. Thus Muskie finds himself, critically by those from whom he
along with Henry Jackson and so men. Attorney General John Mit-
far, Harold Hughes, apparently is soliciting funds for a Deno- chell has been implacably resist-
signaling the (white) Southern cratic comeback. The emergence ing pleas for federal aid to combat
Democratic oligarchs that he is of a fourth party, he was quoted violations of voting :ights in Mis-
not one of those dangerous char- as saying, might. be a good way sissippi. This should be a fighting
actersnsponsoring Evers daring to demonstrate that "the Demo- issue. And the next Democratic
crats are in the middles"
Yet he made no bid for anony-' Presidential nominee should be 't
mity when he transmitted his There is admittedly a certain able to say that he was in the
tangible fiscal aid to the Evers self-serving logic in Strauss' con- forefront of that fight.
forces even while telling them- tention; for as long as his conser- New York Post

420 Maynard Street, Ann Arbor, Mich.
Edited and managed by students at the
University of Michigan
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual
opinions of the author. This must be noted in all reprints.
Tuesday, July 20, 1971 News Phone: 764-0552
NIGHT EDITOR: JONATHAN MILLER
Sittmer Editorial Staff
MARCIA ABRAMSON LARRY LEMPERT
Co-Editor Co-Editor
ROBE T CONROW .... ................... ... ........... Books Editor
JIM JUDKISR.. . .. .......... .........Photography Editor
NIGHT EDITORS: Anita Crone. Tarui Jacobs, Alan Lenhoff, Jonathan
1 1illee.

after much meditation - that he
did not feel his presence on a
letterhead was consequential.
In the end, however, such efforts
to reconcile caution and conscience
frequently consign the practitioner
to the worst of both possible
worlds, ultimately inviting the
suspicion of hostile camps rather &e
than the esteem of either.
While the admonition-"to thine
own self be true"-has rarely pre-
vailed each hour of every day in
the life of any candidate I have
known, it may still be infinitely
sounder than the guidanceMuskie
seems to be receiving from Demo-
cratic treasurer Robert Strauss
and other conservative Democrats
publicly trumpeted by their jour-
nalistic echoes, Messrs. Evans and
Novak.
ON THE SURFACE the news
has been favorable for the man
from Maine. A New York Times
headline cheerfully said: "Muskier
Reported South's Favorite: Sur-
vey of Seven States Shows Demo-
crats, in Search of Winner, Lean
to Center."

4
40
$SWI

w

While The Times' Southern sur-
vey was based almost entirely on
interviews with established leaders

Rep. Harley Staggers

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