ANN ARBOR. MICHIGAN
Fridoy, August 4, 1972
News Phone: 764-0552
Anti-war measure OKd
WASHINGTON (') - A tug
of war between the House and
the Senate took shape in Con-
gress yesterday over the Sen-
ate's end-the-war measure, with
little expectation it would clear
Senate Republican Leader
Hugh Scott of Pennsylvania told
reporters that he imagines "the
half life of this amendment is
about five minutes in confer-
Democratic L e a d e r Mike
Mansfield said he expects that
passage by Congress will be "ra-
The House quickly sent the
full military procurement bill,
to which the anti-war measure
is attached, to a House-Senate
conference yesterday for a com-
promise. The military procure-
ment bill adopted by the House
contained no anti-war amend-
ment. House conferees in the
past have rejected the Senate's
The latest Indochina with-
drawal provision approved by
the Senate Wednesday took a
careful middle line through
While the toughest Senate
language on the war yet. it was
not as tough as some in Senate
would have preferred.
It was the first time a provi-
sion cutting off money for all
U.S. combat operations in Indo-
china - an important exception
is Thailand - has cleared the
Nixon has referred to the score
of end-the-war moves as "pro-
long - the - war amendments,"
and his allies in the Senate
have repeatedly argued against
any action that may tie the
President's hands in reaching a
State of emergency
declared by Britain
LONDON UP) - The British strike "constituted a threat to
But if the Senate was inevit-
ably to act, Nixon felt it should
act in a way acceptable to him.
In a telephone call to Sen.
George Aiken (R-Vt.), he relay-
ed to the Senate his support of
Aiken's amendment on the war
which embraced all the Nixon
conditions of May S for a with-
drawal from Vietnam only.
In a series of eight votes.
Aiken's a'mendment carried but
was substituted for by the even-
tual winner, the amendment of
Sen. Edward Brooke, (R-Mass.).
Stauncher advocates of with-
drawal such as Sen. George Mc-
Govern (D-S.D.), and Sen. John
Sherman Cooper, (R-Ky.) sup-
port bringing all Indochina
forces out with no conditions at
all, relying on Hanoi's pledge to
release American prisoners.
By inserting any conditions.
they argued, Nixon would have
too much room for maneuver.
too many reasons to continue
bombing and shelling.
Cooper oisposed and voted
against Brooke all the way.
"You have authorized Nixon to
continue this deadly war. You
cannot have it both ways," he
But in approving Brooke, the
Senate stopped far short of
more summary proposals made
by Cooper, Majority Leader
Mike Mansfield, and Sens. Clif-
ford Case and Frank Church.
As passed, the latest provi-
sion cuts off all money except
for withdrawal and protection
of withdrawing U. S. troops,
within four months, if prisoners
are released in that time.
The four months was borrow-
ed from the presidential time
frame. The prisoner clause,
Brooke said, was absolutely nec-
essary to "attragt any broad
support." And the word "pro-
tection" is interpreted by
amendmetstbackers as provid-
ttng the President llexibiiity.
The amendment, leaving out
Thailand and its bases, applies
to Laos. Cambodia, and South
Vietnam, air. ground and naval
forces. Military aid to South
Vietnam forces continues.
Brooke's amendment carried
by a vote of 49 to 47 with 11
Republicans helping i through.
government proclaimed a state
of emergency yesterday, enabling
it. to shift supplies through the
nation's strikebound ports.
The week-old work stoppage by
42,00 longshoremen has already
dwindled stocks of fresh fruit,
vegetables and essential food for
farm animals, and tied up ex-
ports worth more than $245 mil-
Queen Elizabeth II. cruising
aboard the royal yacht Britannia
off the west coast of Scotland.
signed the emergency proclama-
tion after it was rushed from
London by Home Secretary Ro-
The state of emergency allows
the government to requisition
transport to move essential sup-
plies, control food prices a n d
draft troops to unload the 500
ships idled in British port areas.
Carr told legislators in t h e
House of Commons the dock
the essential of the life of the
Serious shortages are not ex-
pected for some time. although
meat traders were worried by
dwindling stocks of New Zealand
lamb. However, supplies of cit-
rus fruits and bananas were due
to run out by the weekend.
Hardest hit by the strike were
the islands of Guernsey in the
English Channel and the He-
brides off northwest Scotland.
Stevedores at Glasgow plan to
meet today to discuss appeals to
load vital shipments for the He-
brides, where fuel supplies have
already been exhausted on the
thinly populated islands of Coll
Local officials on the island of
Lewis said residents had ouly a
week's supply of flour e"'. Lead-
ers of the dock workers in Gla
gow said they expected 'he strik-
See EMERGENCY, Page 12
Workman Bud Mason gets the signs ready for yesterday's opening
session of the American party convention in Louisville, Ky.
Alabama Gov. George Wallace has sad that he would not accept
the party's presidential nomination. Rep. John Schmitz (R-C'alif )
will probably be the party's second choice candidate.
From Wire Service Reports
American planes and naval guns hit Quang Tri with a
massive bombardment yesterday, paving the way for a new
assault on western sections of the city by more than 2,000
South Vietnamese marines.
Meanwhile, Hanoi claimed yesterday that the United
States has stepped up its bombing of the dikes and dams in
Chief negotiator Xuan Thuy, at the 153rd session of
the Vietnam peace talks, said the American attacks rose
from 18 in April to 63 in July. He said a total of 149 hits
had been scored on sluices, dams and dikes.
Thuy called the bombing "a crime more monstrous than
those of the Fascist Hitlerites" and scaffed at President
Nixon's statement that any
damage to the dikes was ac-
U.S. spokesperson David Lam-
bertson said later at a press
briefing that Ambassador Wil-
liam Porter had called Com-
munist charges of U.S. syste-
matic bombing of the dikes "of-
He added that Porter had
urged the Hanoi delegates to
comment on a photograph in a
North Vietnamese newspaper
showing a gun mounted on or
behind a dike. The Communists
said last week there were no
military installations on the
Lambertson said Thuy refused
ts reply' directly, sayintg ontly
tat "the United St ates ias tt
riht to attack any objective in
In the fighting yesterday,
heavy Communist artillery fire
and house-to-house fighting
slowed the marine attack aimed
at destroying the North Viet-
namese garrison inside the 1th
century Citadeln the heart of
More than 40 U.S. B52 bomb-
ers hammered North Vietnamese
troop concentrations on the
northern front, up to 18 miles
from Quang Tri, while F4 Phan-
torn jets and carrier-based
planes pounded positions on the
fringe of the battle, the U.S.
to take poll
in N. Ireland
BELFAST I' - The British
government announced yesterday
it plans to hold a plebiscite in
Northern Ireland soon to dete"-
itine whether the people want to
uite with the Irish republic or
remain tied to Britain.
William Whitelt. Britain's ad-
ministrat or for the province, told
ltsts s' Hor sss st 'as ainLondoss
ts gostin ts essud undertas's
the pll after the House approved
enabling letislation. Whitelawv
g ve no date fs s the plebiscite
bt in the past has talked of
September ' r October as a like-
The canvas of public opinion
has been demanded by Ulster'
'ne millicn aProtestants, most of
wom want to remain Briti.ish
subjects. Opinion among the half-
msilli'n Roman Catholics in the
minority generally favors unit-
ing with the republic and i t s
overwhelmingly Catholic popula-
Whitelaw told the Commons it
would be advisable to hold a
plebiscite "as soon as it can
reasonable be done."
See BRITAIN, Page 12
When I' n64?
This dried-up old fellow is the apple of the eye of Alan Scharf, a teacher at the School of Perform-
ing Arts in San Diego, whose hobby is carving apples into faces, then letting them mature with age,