Michigan primary: Everybody satisfied?
By ARTHUR LERNER said a few weeks ago he might roll up phrey backer, said there will be a "large Humphrey entered the state primary
Co-Editor 1a 60 Pei cent majority. Later whe sentiment to vote for Wallace." field when analysts labelled the state a
If the results of today's state presi-
dential primary coincide with predic-
tions made before yesterday's shooting
of Gov. George Wallace, backers of Wal-
lace, Sen. George McGovern, and Sen.
Hubert Humphrey will all claim satisfac-
tion with the outcome.
Pre-election week surveys, led prog-
nosticators to predict a three way split
in the vote, giving Wallace about 35 per
cent and McGovern 25 per cent, with
Humphrey trailing slightly behind.
Wallace has been hoping to capitalize
on the busing issue and general dis-
satisfaction with politicians. His backers
McGovern was apparently cutting into
his lead, Wallaceites stressed that what
they wanted most was a victory-no
matter how big the margin.
It is unclear what effect the shooting
will have on today's election; many
lukewarm Wallace supporters may vote
today, who would have stayed home.
Neither McGovern or Humphrey would
discuss the influence, if any, the assassi-
nation attempt would have here or in
Maryland, where there is also a primary
Tom Turner, president of the Metro-
politan Detroit AFL-CIO and a Hum-
McGovern has been counting on a
strong second place finish to reinforce
his frontrunner position in the race for
the nomination, ahead of Humphrey. On
Sunday, he even hinted at a victory over
Wallace, telling newsmen that it was
"just conceivable we can pull an upset."
McGovern's tally will be affected by
voter response to the candidacy of
Rep. Shirley Chisholm of New York.
She has been campaigning actively in
the state and has received endorse-
ments from two of the most influen-
tial black politicians in the state -
U.S. Rep. John Conyers and State Sen.
Coleman Young, both of Detroit.
two way battle between the Minnesota
senator and Wallace. But as McGovern
picked up strength Humphrey let it be
known that he would be satisfied with a
fourth of the Democratic vote, also giv-
ing him a quarter of the state's 132
Both McGovern and Humphrey can
afford to value non-first place finishes
in today's voting because of the state's
proportional system of delegate selec-
tion. Unlike the winner-take-all Cali-
fornia primary, the state's delegates
to the national convention will' be se-
lected in proportion to the candidates'
pae:hee UJl I tjti Low-43
Tuesday, May 16, 1972 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN News Phone: 764-0552
Supreme Court . iets recapture
A - p~
WASHINGTON U -The Supreme Court yesterday barred
the states from forcing the Amish to educate their children
beyond the eighth grade.
The 7-0 decision held Wisconsin's interest in compulsory
schooling must give way to the right of Amish people to
practice their religion.
Forcing a high-school education on "the plain people"
would gravely endanger if not destroy the free exercise of
their religious beliefs, Chief Justice Warren Burger said for
The ruling was a victory for the Amish and the Old Order
Mennonites who have been subjected to criminal prosecu-
tion in nine states for refusing to send their children to
O ff " Speaking for the, unanimous
ice ( court in the Amish case Burger
O e osaid Wisconsin's compulsory
education law "carries with it
precisely the kind of objective
. tOr danesr to the free exercise of
religion which the First Amend-
ment was designed to prevent."
He extolled "the independence
and successful social function-
ing" of Amish communities for
more than 200 years in the
Royal Oak, Mich. 0") - The United States and noted that
office of Rep. William Boom- into this century most states did
field (R-Royal Oak) was damag- not require education beyond
ed extensively yesterday by a the eighth grade.
firebomb tossed through a plate The ruling affirmed a 1971
glass front window, police re- judgment by the Wisconsin Su-
preme Court, first in the coun-
ported. try to protest the Amish from
Fire Chief Clayton Nichols school-attendance laws.
said there was extensive dam- The case involved three New
age to the front of the office and Glarus fathers who were fined
$5 for refusing to enroll their
smoke damage to the rear. adolescent children in the public
Nichols said the fire appar- high hool.
ently was caused by an explos- They were backed by the Na-
ive device - probably a Molo- See COURT, Page 12
Broomfield was in Washington LO
when he learned of the fire-
bombing, and he theorized it T
might be linked to the Indo- a w e a
china war and his post on the
House Foreign Affairs Commit- By JIM O'BRIEN
tee. Although the presidential pri-
Broomfield, who said he ad- mary will capture most of the
vacates withdrawal of U.S. national attention focused on
Michigan today, state voters will
troops from Vietnam "as soon as also decide on two proposed
possible," sid several anti-war changes in the state constitution.
slogans had been painted on the The only local issue on the
building housing his Royal Oak ballot is a, proposal to increase
office and that members of his property tax by 2.5 mills for a
office staff had received several If the measure is not approved,
telephone calls from antiwar pro- City Administrator Guy Larcom
testers. - predicts that garbage collection
Broomfield estimated damage and transportation services will
have to be curtailed. Revenue
from the firebombing coal l run from the plan which would
as high as $50,00-. amount to $1,312,000, would also
He said he has asked t h e go for salary increases for city
Federal Bureau of Investigation employes and improvement of
to condmit a full-scale probe of O n e proposed constitutional
the incident, amendment concerns legaliza-
base south of H ue
TWO WOMEN REFUGEES carry their belongings toward a
helicopter pad in Kontum, South Vietnam. Fighting continued
around the central highland's city yesterday, as a concentrated
airlift of 15,000 Montagnard refugees got under way. About 1,000
Montagnards were evacuated by the afternoon. Officials said
mountain tribesmen agreed to stay and help defend Kontum if
their families could be flown out.
CAL MILLAGE ISSUE
r ges o ballot today
BvT.he sodiated Press
South Vietnamese infan-
trymen recaptured an im-
portant fire base southwest
of Hue yesterday in the sec-
ond phase of an effort to
pre-empt expected North
Vietnamese plans to attack
the former imperial capital.
The reconquest of Fire Base
Bastogne, which had been aban-
doned ethie tinde'in-Conmnmunist
attaek 18 days ago. came as re-
newnd fighting was reported in
the rentral highlands.
The 6-week siege of An Loc
continued as Communist forces
hurled another 2,506 rounds of
artillery. rocket and mortar fire
into the ravaged provincial cap-
ital 60 miles north of Saigon.
The U.S. Command disclosed
the lois of three more planes in
raids over North Vietnam with
all six crewmen listed as miss-
ing. This raised to 142 Americans
reported killed or missing in In-
dochina air losses since Hanoi's
general offensive began March
At Bastogne, field reports said,
a platoon of volunteers ridin, six
South Vietnamese helicopters as-
saulted the base in midafter-
noon. They secured it for ground
forces which drove westward
along Route 547 behind a shield
of U.S. air strikes.
Marches, sitdowns and silent
vigils were held at a handful of
campuses and cities around the
nation yesterday, the start of
the second week of ;protests
against increased U.S. activity
Most of the demonstrations
were peaceful and without inci-
dent, but more than 50 persons
were arrested at Princeton Uni-
versity and Lebanon, N.H.
Meanwhile, the Soviet Union
told the Security Council yester-
day the U.S. claim that it mined
North Vietnamese harbors in
the right of self-defense is
U.S. Ambassador George Bush
informed the council last week
that the mining was done under
the "inherent right of self-de-
fense" provided by the U.N.
Malik also accused the Nixon
Administration of violating the
principle of freedom of naviga-
tion embodied in the 1958 Ge-
neva conventions on the law of
the sea, which the United Stater
tion of government supervised
gambling. If approved, the
amendment would give the state
legislature power to prescribe
the form of legal lotteries.
The second proposed constitii-
tional amendment would permit
members of the legislature to
resign and accept another office
to which they have been elected
"This amendment would per-
mit members of the legislature
to be elected or appointed to a-
other civil office during the term
for which they were elected.
Before accepting that office they
would be required to resign from
their legislative office," accord-
ing to the wording of the pro-
One of the main difficulties
expected in local voting, accord-
ing to Deputy City Clerk Burt
Fleming, concerns voting in the
"Even if they are suletting
for the summer in a different
precinct, everyone should vote
in the precinct they are regis-
tered in," he said.
As far as getting to the poils.
Students for McGovern aye run-
ning shuttle services to Burns
Park School for voters in pre-
cinct 3-1 and 3-2, and Jines
School covering precincts i-2
and 1-3. The service will run
continuously d u r i n g polling
hours, leaving from the front of
Rides to other polling places
can be arranged by calling Mc-
Govern headquarters at C65-9101l
Primary voting in the city be-
gins at 7 am. and ends at 8 p.m.