l Lo 3r , i g a e d J 1Cl
Vol. LXXXII, No. 0-S Aan Arbor, Michigan-Wednesday, June 21, 1972 Ten Cents Twelve Pages
Papers say ieti
in early 1950s
WASHINGTON (R) - The
United States told France'
25 years ago the Vietnam
war was playing into Com-
munist hands and urged
Paris to be "most generous"
in seeking an early solution.
This was disclosed yesterday
when the State Department re-
moved the secrecy label from
another batch of official docu-
ments. The advice came after a
purported cease-fire offer from
Vietnam Communist leader Ho
Chi Minh went astray under
Declaring the United States
had "no solution or plans to in-
tervene," then Secretary of
State George Marshall predict-
:ed "We fear continuation of the
conflict may jopardize the po-
sition of all Western democratic
powers in Southern Asia and
lead to the veryeventualities of
which we are most apprehen-
He urged France to be "most
generous in the attempt to find
an early solution which, by re-
cognizing the legitimate desires
of the Vietnamese, will restore
peace and deprive anti-demo-
cratic forces of a powerful wea-
Meanwhile, it was disclosed
yesterday that China has closed
its ports todRussian vessels car-
rying goods bound for North
According to the Chinese, the
action was taken because of
Russia's failure to openly chal-
lenge the U. S. blockade of.
The Russians. however. charg-
ed that the Chinese action re-
flects an increasing interest by
Peking with bettering relations
with Washington, and subse-
quent lessening of interest in
the fate of Hanoi.
In Vietnam, it was revealed
that the Marine Corps is mov-
its A6 intruder aircraft from
the huge American base at Da-
Nang to a secretly prepared
base in Thailand.
According to marine com-
- See DEAL, Page 7
OVER 200 DELEGATES
YfocGov wins big in.N.Y.
sa~mmssmes~ymen~mmmaammmen~==:ee.- Associated Pes
THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY was, on trial yesterday at the U.S. Conference of Mayors. Democratic
hopefuls spoke before the mayors telling them their urban plans. The mayors pictured above are testi-
fying before the party's Platform Committee.
Dem hopefuls chat with
By MERYL GORDON
and DEBRA THAL
Special To The Daily
NEW ORLEANS, La. - While
New Yorkers went to the polls
to vote overwhelming for him,
Sen. George McGovern (D-S.D.)
flew briefly to New Orleans to
address the U.S. conference of
In a preliminary stop on the
steps of City Hall, McGovern
told a largehenthusiastic''odi-
ence that he had come to "mani-
fest his concern for the people
and the problems of the South."
"We are approaching the 200th
anniversary of the Declaration
of Independence," the senator
said. "I think that in 1
need to reaffirm the princ
that revolution. I do not k
a single domestic problem
United States that could
resolved by following th
ings of Jefferson and Lirn
McGovern added that h
ed to bring politics out
opent, "out from secret
behind closed doors to th
where the people can be h
At the mayor's conf
which had previously hea
Sens. Hubert Humphre
Minn.) and Edmund Mus
Me.) speak, McGovern
sized the importancec
War protest set
By DIANE LEVICK
While women and children protest the war
in Washington, D.C. tomorrow, local women and
children will stage a similar peaceful demonstra-
tion at the downtown office of Rep. Marvin
Esch (R-Ann Arbor).
The local Interfaith Council for Peace (ICP)
is patterning its protest after Washington's "ring
around the capitol" demonstration called for noon
Folksingers Joan Baez and Judy Collins, fem'
inist Betty Friedan, Rep. Bella Abzug (D-N.Y.),
and other prominent women have urged "every
woman and child in America" to non-violently
encircle the capitol building.
After asking their representatives to vote for
a cut-off of Indochina war funds, protesters will
re-group to announce how each Congressman
Speakers at the national march will include
Joan Baez, Marjerie Tabankin, president of the
National Student Association recently back from
North Vietnam, and Jane Hart.
Locally, demonstrators will encircle Esch's of-
fice to ask that he lobby vigorously for the end-
the-war legislation he introduced June 7.
His bill would cut off funding for the
china war by Sept. 1, providing that a
ments have been made for the release of
ers of war and an accounting has been
for men missing in action.
The bill is presently in House commi
"On the surface it sounds like a fairly
bill," says Barbara Fuller, ICP head. "I
best thing we could possibly get throu
House at this point."
Demonstrators will leave Esch letters
he will be out of town tomorrow. Childr
young to write their own messages will
pictures they have drawn expressing thei
war sentiments on his secretary's desk.
"We don't intend to disrupt anything,"
says. "We want people who can't make
Washington to be able to support symb
a cut-off of war funds."
The demonstration will form tomorrow
Wesley Foundation Lounge at 604 E. Hu
For those interested in the Washington
around Congress," chartered buses will
from Detroit tonight at 8 p.m.
For reservations or more information,
ICP at 663-1870.
972 we present urban crisis of America.
ciple of "The federal government has
now of left the city governments to
in the deal with the toughest problems
not, be of our society with neither the
e writ- revenue nor the technical help
coln." to do the job," McGovern said.
e want- "Because our priorities are
in the wrong, the cities have to beg
deals for federal revenues while we
ie open dream of ways to beat the arms
heard." control agreement and raise the
erence, antes for bombs to drop oi
rd from Vietnam," he continued.
y (D- "The $150 billion we have
kie (D- wasted on a cruel and foolish
empha- war in Indochina has robbed
of the every city in America. Every
bomb we drop in Vietnam hits
some neighborhood in one of
'McGovern also met with May-
or Richard Daley of Chicago,
Indo- and a group of black Louisiana
rrange- delegates during his brief visit.
prison- Before leaving New York for
given New Orleans yesterday morning,
McGovern responded angrily to
criticisms of his campaign by
ittee. Sen. Humphrey on Monday.
decent "It is sad to see a nationally
It the known figure like Hubert Hum-
gh the phrey undermining his reputa-
tion and jeopardizing his party
since by the kind of misleading state-
'en too ments he's been making about
place my positions," McGovern said in
ir anti- his brief talk with the press.
"He knows that I'm a rea-
Fuller sonable man; yet he persists
e it to in twisting my positions to serve
olically his own desperate purposes. . ..
I am afraid that my old friend
at the has forgotten that there is such
a thing as wanting too much to
iron at be elected."
After talking with the press,
"ring McGovern entered Grand Cen-
leave tral Station to shake hands with
morning commuters. He also
contact 'went for a brief ride through
the New York transit system.
NEW YORK (M - Sen.
G e o r g e McGovern came
"one giant step closer" to a
first ballot nomination as
he rolled up an impressive
majority in last night's New
York Democratic Primary,
A complex system 'and a con-
fusing ballot slowed the election
night count in a primary that
chose 248 members of the 278-
Partial returns showed McGov-
ern had won 131 delegates in a
contest in which his chief oppo-
sition came from uncommitted
entries. Eight of the uncommit-
ted had won their races.
McGovern's organization said
he had clinched 163 delegates
across the state. Pat Caddell,
McGovern's pollster, projected
an outcome that would award
McGovern 205 or 206 delegates.
That would mean another 25 out
of the 30 delegates to be selected
Saturday by the Democratic
State Committee in proportion to
the primary outcome.
If that projection proved accu-
rate, McGovern would be within
200 votes of first-ballot presiden-
"If the present election trends
continue, and I'm confident
they will, we will have elected
delegates here in New York to-
day beyond our wildest expec-
tations," McGovern, his hair
flecked with confetti, told cheer-
ing supporters in a New York
At that point, only a handful
of returns had been independ-
ently tallied. The McGovern or-
ganization said it had received
returns showing its delegate. en-
tries leading for 107 of 130 con-
The projection and the candi-
date's victory claim were based
on returns from sample pre-
cincts tallied by McGovern cam-
"It's probably not necessary
for me to tell you that this
brings us one giant step closer
to the threshhold of a first bal-
lot nomination in Miami," Mc-
'Tm convinced now that we
will win the nomination in Mia-
mi Beach," he added.
(According to Daily reporters
Maryl Gordon and Debora Thal,
McGovern spoke at length about
his campaign and it's unexpect-
ed success "This," he said," is
what a few of us began dream-
ing several years ago. Experts
told us that no one would either
care or listen to what we had to
say. But people did care and did
listen and we're seeing the re-
sults of that today.")
McGovern had set as his tar-
get a minimum of 200 of the
New York delegates. e cap-
tured 41 of them unopposed.
Frank Mankiewicz, national
director of the McGovern cam-
paign, said last night the re-
turns indicated "well over 200"
of the New York delegates
would vote for the South Da-
kota senator on the first ballot.
Meanwhile, incumbent Demo-
cratic Rep. William Ryan took
an early 2-1 primary lead in
Manhattan's West Side Con-
gressional District Tuesday over
Rep. Bella Abzug. redistricted
out of her old area.
With roughly one third of the
260 election districts reporting,
Ryan led 8,982 to 4.416 over
Abzug, whose floppy hats are
her political trademark.
In a close race, with 155 of
265 districts reporting, Brook-
lyn's 84-year-old Rep. Emanuel
Celler held a narrow 7,979 to
7,821 lead over district leader
Elizabeth Holtzman, 30.