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August 15, 1974 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1974-08-15

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THE
Michigan Daily
Vol. LXXXIV, No. 63-S Ann Arbor, Michigan-Thursday, August 15, 1974 Ten Cents Eight Pages
Turkish troops resume
fi hting on Cyprus
Cease-fire reached for Nicosia

By The Associated Press
Turkish armored forces drove from
their positions in northern Cyprus yes-
terday to within five miles of Fama-
gusta on the eastern coast of the island
and toward Lefka on the west coast-
apparently bent on s e i z i n g territory
Turkey f a it e d to win at the Geneva
peace talks.
A United N a t i on s spokesman an-
nounced a cease-fire agreement for the
Nicosia area in central Cyprus and
fighting fell off in the capital shortly
afterward. But there was no indibation
the Turks would stop advancing else-
where on the Mediterranean island.
THE TURKS' objective seemed to be
to split the island along the so-called
Attila Line. This runs east and west,
dividing the i s 1 a n d from Famagusta
Cyprus
at a glance
NICOSIA, Cyprus - Renewed
fighting broke out at dawn yes-
terday on the Mediterranean is-
land with Turkish air raids around
Nicosia and then Famagusta to the
east. Turkish troops and tanks
overran a Greek Cypriot military
airfield eight miles east of Nico-
sia and launched a drive toward
Famagusta.
ANKARA, Turkey-Premier Bu-
lent Ecevit said Turkey has no
intention of taking over all of
Cyprus but seek "a fair share" of
the island's territory for its Turkish
inhabitants, outnumbered about 4-1
by Greek Cypriots.
ATHENS, Greece - The new
civilian government withdrew its
military forces from the North
Atlantic Treaty Organization in
anger over the new Turkish attacks
on Cyprus. Greek troops were sent
to Thrace near the border with
Turkey.
WASHINGTON - The United
States said it will cut off all mili-
tary aid to Greece and Turkey if
they go to war and said negotia-
tions are the only means of settling
the crisis.
BRUSSELS, Belgium - NATO
went into special session to urge
the Greeks to change their minds
about dropping out of- the Western
alliance.
GENEVA - Greece rejected'
Turkish demands for autonomous
Turkish enclaves on Cyprus. Tur-
key turned down a proposal for
a 48-hour cooling off period and-
walked out of the second phase of
peace talks.
UNITED NATIONS - In an ex-
traordinary predawn session, the
U.N. Security Council called for a
cease-fire on Cyprus and a return
to negotiations.

through Nicosia to Lefka, and to the
Turkish Cypriot enclave of Kottima on
the northwest coast. Famagusta is 35
miles east of Nicosia and Lefka is 20
miles west of the capital.
The territory north of the line was
Turkey's original demand at the Geneva
talks, which broke down early yesterday -
after the Turks refused a 36-48 hour
cooling-off period requested by Greece.
The Turks opened the second round
of fighting on the island yesterday with
dawn air strikes against the capital-
soon after the Geneva stalemate-and
it continued despite a renewed cease-
fire call a few hours later by the U.N.
Security Council. The Turks claim their
army is acting to protect the lives of s
the Turkish Cypriot minority on the
island - outnumbered four to one by
Greek Cypriots.
THE CYPRUS government, controlled
by the majority Greek Cypriots and
supported by Greece, is battling the
Turks with its own army, known as the
Cypriot National Guard.
In Ankara, Turkish Prime Minister
Bulent Ecevit said the Turkish force
did not intend to take the whole island - .+
but only territory "considered to be a
fair share of the Turkish Cypriots."
Turkey invaded Cyprus July 20, five
days after the Cypriot National Guard '
overthrew the government of Archbishop
Makarios.
The Nicosia cease-fire was announced
for 6:15 p.m.-12:15 p.m. EDT. The U.N.
spokesman said the U.N. command had
been trying to achieve the cease-fire
throughout the day in accordance with AP Photo
the Security Council cease-fire resolu- THICK BLACK smoke billows up from downtown Nicosia after Turkish airforce
tion adopted early yesterday. rocket hit the city. Turkish planes flew several strikes over the Cypriot capital
See TURKS, Page S yesterday morning.
Ford confersContCyprus
situation, doestcissues

WASHINGTON (P) - President Ford
juggled domestic issues and the first in-
ternational crisis of his young adminis-
trationn yesterday, sandwiching confer-
ences on Cyprus developments between
meetings with governors, mayors, and
congressmen.
Starting w it h a predawn telephone,
call, Ford conferred repeatedly with
Secretary of State Henry Kissinger on
the fresh fighting between Greece and
Turkey on Cyprus.
HE SPOKE by telephone with British
Prime Minister Harold Wilson and
British Foreign Secretary James Cal-
laghan in London as lie kept "in close
touch" with Cyprus developments, a
spokesman said. There were no im-
mediate disclosures of what they said,
but Britain is the guarantor of the 1960

treaty establishing the independence of
Cyprus.
The international crisis may delay un-
til next week Ford's announcement of
his vice presidential nominee. Ford had
planned that announcement for this
week, but a spokesperson said the Cy-
prus conferendes were pre-empting the
time he had allotted to consider his
choice for the government's No. 2 post.
BEFORE FORD moved on to separate
afternoon meetings with 15 governors
and 14 mayors, there were these other
White H o u s e developments and dis-
closures:
-The U.S. and Japanese governments
announced jointly that Ford had accept-
ed an invitation to visit Japan "before
the end of the year at the earliest
See FORD, Page 5

Ford

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