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July 31, 1974 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1974-07-31

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THE
Michigan Daily
Vol. LXXXIV, No. 52-S Ann Arbor, Michigan-Wednesday, July 31, 1974 Ten Cents Twelve Pages
House unit concludes
impeachment inquiry
OK's 3rd article; rejects 2 others

WASHINGTON AtM - The House
Judiciary Committee formally con-
cluded its epic impeachment in-
quiry last night by thrice urging
"in the name ... of all the people"
that Richard Nixon be stripped of
the presidency for high crime and
other misconduct.
In the final hours the committee
voted a third impeachment article
for Nixon's defiance of its sub-
poenas. It rejected charges based
on his personal finances and the
secret bombing of Cambodia.
"THIS CONCLUDES the work of the
committee," intoned Chairman P e t e r
Rodino (0-N.J.) after the final vote
less than an hour before midnight.
Thus, automatically and without a
final symbolic vote, the panel of 38 law-
yers affirmed a covering resolution as
the vehicle for action by the House-and
possibly the Senate-on three articles
charging the Republican executive with
"high c r i m e s and misdemeanors."
To wit:
* Obstructing justice in covering up
the Watergate affair, a political scandal
born two years ago when Republican
agents burglarized and bugged Demo-
cratic national headquarters;
* Misusing federal agents and agen-
cies in broad-scale violation of citizens'
rights through wire-tapping, tax investi-
gations and other activities; and
* Refusing to comply with eight com-
mittee subpoenas for 147 tape-recorded
conversations and other material sought
as evidence for the impeachment in-
quiry.
THE END of the committee's six days
of nationally televised deliberations
seemed almost anti-climactic after the
high drama of the initial, crucial vote
Saturday night on the first impeachment
article.
The committee's umbrella resolution
urged that a majority of the 435-member
House, "in the name of itself and of all
the p e o p I e of the United States of
America," place Nixon on trial in the
Senate. There, a two-thirds vote would
convict and remove him from office.
Only once before in America's 198
years has a presidential impeachment
come this far-in 1868 when Andrew
Johnson was impeached by the House
but acquitted by the Senate.
NIXON, WHO 20 months ago was re-
elected with the largest popular vote in
the nation's history, has repeatedly pro-
claimed he is innocent of an impeach-
able offense. And he has vowed to fight
to the bitter end of a Senate trial if
necessary.
See HOUSE, Page 9

AP Photo
REP. ROBERT McClory (R-IlL.) speaks in defense of Article 3 of impeachment before the House Judiciary Committee in
Washington yesterday. The committee subsequently passed the article but rejected two others.
Greece, Turkey sign Cyprus
accord for troop reduction

GENEVA, Switzerland (M)-Turkey and
Greece, with Britain's consent and an
assist from Secretary of State Henry
Kissinger, signed an accord yesterday
in Geneva to reduce arms and forces
gradually in Cyprus. The agreement con-
tained no comrnitment for withdrawal of
all forces.
The agreement was signed at 20 p.m.
Geneva tirpe-S p.m. EDT-after six
days of negatiations that were threatened
several times by the prospect of Greek
or Turkish walkouts. Greece, Turkey and
Britain are the guarantors of Cypriot in-
dependence, and they will meet again
Aug. 8 to discuss long-term provisions
for the island's future.
YESTERDAY'S agreement appeared
to solve no basic problem on the island
beyond limiting the level of forces that

have been flowing in since Turkey in-
vaded on July 20. Turkey will maintain
its military grip over several portions of
Cyprus, and the document could help
strengthen the divisions between Greek
Cypriots and the minority Turkish Cyp-
riots.
The three delegations announced agree-
ment on the document earlier Monday
after Kissinger reportedly made -several
telephone calls to Turkish Premier Bu-
lent Ecevit and Greek Premier Con-
stantine Caramanlis.
In Ankara, Ecevit said the American
had played "a very constructive role"
in the crisis. And British Foreign Secre-
tary James Callaghan, who was te chief
mediator at the talks, said the U.S. role
in the search for a settlement had been
valuable.
AFTER THE signing ceremony, For-

eign Ministers George Mavros of Greece
and Turan Gunes of Turkey shook hands
and embraced. A day earlier, Mavros
had accused Turkey of "negotiating at
gunpoint," using its strong military po-
sition on the island 44 miles south of
Turkey in an effort to wring concessions
from Athens.
There had been fears that the Greek-
Turkish dispute over the island would
lead to a war between the countries,
both of which are members of the North
Atlantic Treaty Organization.
The accord recognizes the existence of
two self-ruling administrations of Turkish
Cypridts and Greek Cypriots on the em-
battled island. Greece has said the
creation of separate administrations
could lead to partition of the island,
which Athens strongly opposes.
See GREEKS, Page 8

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