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July 16, 1974 - Image 9

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1974-07-16

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Tuesday, July 16, 1974

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Page Nine

Tuesday, July 16, 1974 THE MICHIGAN DAILY Page Nine

Three
LONDON (M) - Three babies
conceived in laboratory t e s t
tubesand then implanted in the
mother's womb have been born
in Europe within the past 18
months, a British gynecologist
revealed yesterday.
Prof. Douglas Bevis of Leeds
University said that to his know-
ledge the births were the first
of their kind in the world.
" THE FEAT opens the way to
successful childbearing by wo-
men whose fallopian tubes are
blocked, if the procedure can be
controlled. And it raises ethical
questions.
The babies were conceived in
the test tube with eggs taken
from the mother's womb', and
fertilized with male sperm, and
then put back in the womb af-
ter growing in the laboratory
for about a week, Bevis said.
Bevis did not say specifictlly
that the sperm came from the
husbands of the women, b u t
listeners said they assumed
from the context of his remarks
that it did.
All three babies are alive and
do not have any apparent ab-
normalities, Bevis said. fle de-

test tube babies delivered

clined to name the doctors or
the individuals involved, but did
say that at least one birth in-
volved British people.
THE WORK could eventially
be a boon to women who are
infertile because of a blockage
of the fallopian tubes, leading
from the ovaries to tue womb,
Bevis indicated. He said that
only a few hundred Bri'ish wo-
men fall into this categorv.
When an egg is released each
month, it must travel thrtugh
the fallopian tubes to the point
where it is fertilized. I
But Bevis argued that the
three successful births did not
constitute a major medical
break-through. "So many have
been attempted that by the law
of averages some ?tave come
through," he said.
BEVIS announced the births
to a meeting of the British Med-
ican Association.
In the United States, a lead-
ing authority on the subject, Dr.
Leon Kass, a physician and bio-
chemist, said the announcement
was not particularly;surprising

because of the number of peo-
ple working in the fild and the
fact that feritlization in tIi e
laboratory has been done for
some four years.
'Kass, who will join the Ken-
nedy Center for Bioethics at
Georgetown University in Sep-
tember, said that if this tech-
nology were confined to use in
such cases of infertili*y it is
probably not a matter of great
ethical importance is itself.
HOWEVER, as "a step is a
long series of steps yet to be
taken," the technique pose3 es
the potential for abuse and per-
haps a challenge to the very na-
ture of human reproduction, he

said. Among the problems, he
noted, would be the questions of
using surrogate mothers to bear
children for others, or the use
of sperm not the husbands'.
Bevis added that in the forsee-
able future there is "not tht re-
motest chance of creating a to-
tal test tube baby - a fetus
brought to full-term outside the
swomb-
Bevis said he is inveitigating
the physical changes which take
place in the womb after the first
week of pregnancy, as part of
the effort to prepare the womb
for implanatation.
Leading researchers in 4 h e
field in England include Dr. Pat-
rick Steptoe of Oldham Gen-

eral Hospital, where some 200
women are taking 1sart in his
experinteits. Dr. tbert ) d-
wards of Cambridge University
also is doing research.
Sir John Peel, former gyne-
cologist to Queen Elizubeto It
and one of Britain's most etmi-
nent doctors, said 'he announce-
ment is "a tremendms step for-
ward in the treatments of seteit-
ed cases of infertility.'
A spokesman for the Method-
ist Church said the technique
seemed "perfectly proper," but
added: "There are moral prob-
lems if the sperm is taken from
a donor who is not the iustuand.
We would have reservations in
this point."

UNCLE KARL
WANTS YOU

Jurors picked for
Reinecke trial

WASHINGTON (;')-A jury of
six men and six women was
selected 'yesterday to try the
perjury case of California Lt.
Gov. Ed Reinecke.
U.S. District Judge' Barring-
ton Parker sequestered the jury
and said the trial might last one
week and possibly into a second
week.
Parker told the jury of eight
blacks and four whites 'that
they were being secluded partly
because they should not be ex-
posed to radio or television cov-
erage of the trial.
"The guarantee of a fair trial
for Mr. Reinecke depends on
you not being influenced by
outside forces," Parker said.
Reinecke, his wife, and chil-
dren, Mark, 16, Mimi, 15, and

Tom 14, sat in the courtroom
while the judge extensively
questioned the panel of 70 pros-
pective jurors for five hours.
Reinecke is charged in a two-
count indictment of giving false
testimony in 1972 to the Senate
Judiciary Committee which was
investigating the nomination of
Richard Klendienst as U.S. at-
torney general.
Reinecke is accused of vying
about his involvement in a
pledge of $400,000 by Interna-
tional Telephone & Telegraph
Co. to bring the 1972 Republi-
can National Convention to San
Diego.
Parker advised jurors that the
Reinecke case "has nothing to
do with Watergate or the cover-
up."

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THE TAMING"
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-I

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